Jonathan Ben-Dov
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Open Access

This is an open access title distributed under the terms of the CC BY-NC 4.0 license, which permits any non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited. Further information and the complete license text can be found at

The terms of the CC license apply only to the original material. The use of material from other sources (indicated by a reference) such as diagrams, illustrations, photos and text samples may require further permission from the respective copyright holder.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Names: Ben-Dov, Jonathan, author. | Gayer, Asaf, author. | Ratzon, Eshbal, author.

Title: Material and digital reconstruction of fragmentary Dead Sea scrolls : the case of 4Q418a / by Jonathan Ben-Dov, Asaf Gayer, Eshbal Ratzon with the assistance of Anna Shirav, Einat Tamir.

Description: Leiden ; Boston : Brill, [2022] | Series: Studies on the texts of the desert of Judah, 0169-9962 ; volume 136 | Includes bibliographical references and index.

Identifiers: LCCN 2022002355 (print) | LCCN 2022002356 (ebook) | ISBN 9789004473041 (hardback : acid-free paper) | ISBN 9789004473058 (ebook)

Subjects: LCSH: Qumran community. | Dead Sea scrolls. 4Q418a. | Dead Sea scrolls—Criticism, interpretation, etc.

Classification: LCC BM175.Q6 M38 2022 (print) | LCC BM175.Q6 (ebook) | DDC 296.1/55—dc23/eng/20220222

LC record available at

LC ebook record available at

Typeface for the Latin, Greek, and Cyrillic scripts: “Brill”. See and download:

ISSN 0169-9962

ISBN 978-90-04-47304-1 (hardback)

ISBN 978-90-04-47305-8 (e-book)

Copyright 2022 by Jonathan Ben-Dov, Asaf Gayer, and Eshbal Ratzon. Published by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Koninklijke Brill NV incorporates the imprints Brill, Brill Nijhoff, Brill Hotei, Brill Schöningh, Brill Fink, Brill mentis, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Böhlau and V&R unipress.

Koninklijke Brill NV reserves the right to protect this publication against unauthorized use. Requests for re-use and/or translations must be addressed to Koninklijke Brill NV via or

This book is printed on acid-free paper and produced in a sustainable manner.

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