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Sara de Simone
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Index

Abboud, Ibrahim 41
Acholi 153156, 178
Addis Ababa Agreement 19, 4243, 45 4749, 88
Administrative autonomy/independence 133, 137139, 142, 152, 182
Administrative units, creation of 12, 43, 79, 92, 122123, 128, 150, 180
Aesthetics of the state 20, 9698, 101
Agency of local actors 89, 22
Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan 179
Akol, Lam 56, 60, 62, 64
Akot, Daniel Awet 76, 89
Albright, Madeleine 65, 68
Alier, Abel 4748
Anglo-Egyptian Condominium 27, 3435, 38
Anyanya I 4142, 47, 53, 54n9
Anyanya II 53n6
ARCSS ( Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan )
Autochthony 145, 153, 160, 163164, 166, 178, 183
Bashir, Omar el 63, 69, 88
Bentiu 13, 159163, 166167, 178,
Boma Development Committee 134
Borders
Internal borders 21, 34, 90, 117, 122, 150152, 155156, 161, 178
Border disputes 143, 150154, 159
Border demarcation 151, 153, 155, 158161, 165167
Boundaries (physical) ( borders )
Boundaries (symbolic) 21, 31, 109, 131, 143, 153154, 163167, 171, 178, 184
Bureaucratization 23, 2830, 36, 4243, 45, 64, 66, 69, 95, 99100
Cattle-raiding 24, 37, 56
Capacity
Building 11, 52, 67, 8081, 83, 89, 99100, 102
Lack of capacity 50, 74, 82, 85, 102, 107108
Census 139, 151152, 157
Chiefdoms 3335, 117118, 130
Chiefs
And decentralization 20, 111, 114118 122, 128
And land administration 3233, 4546, 146, 148149, 154
And local governance 3033, 3536, 42, 4445, 5558, 93, 106, 110117, 121123 141, 148
As intermediaries/gatekeepers 2326, 3738, 45, 113, 121122, 131133, 141
Legitimacy 36, 39, 45, 111, 113
Chukudum Convention 57, 150
Citizenship 87, 142, 145, 145, 153, 163164, 166, 168, 178, 183
Civil Authority of the New Sudan 5960, 65, 68, 7576, 7980
Civil/Military Administration 55
Civil Society Land Alliance 169170
Commissioners’ Forum 98, 101
Comprehensive Peace Agreement 4, 51, 57, 7678, 8889, 146147
Consultations ( participation )
COTAL ( Council of Traditional Authority Leaders )
Council of Traditional Authority Leaders 117118
County Development Committee 72, 134
CSLA ( Civil Society Land Alliance )
Customary courts 30, 76, 113, 117, 123, 130
Customary law 30, 117, 145146,
Decentralization
And conflict 8488, 102103
And local chiefs 109111, 117, 121
And political opponents 85, 88, 107, 108
And the delivery function 90, 103, 105, 107, 121
Reform under Nimeiri 43, 4546, 48
Decentralized governance ( decentralization )
Deng, Taban 1, 157, 159, 163, 166
Depoliticization 7, 20, 52, 83, 181
Dinka 24, 2729, 31, 34, 47, 114, 128, 156159, 165166, 179
Equatorial Corps 29, 40
Ethiopia 5657, 63
Ethnicity
and access to land 142, 146, 166, 178
and local chiefs 43, 45, 112, 114, 118, 141, 182
Ethnic segregation 31, 36, 48,
Ethnic conflict ( ethnic violence )
Ethnic militarization/politicization 1, 57, 60, 106, 141, 150, 157, 178179, 183
Ethnic belonging 1, 19, 21, 49, 106, 112, 118, 123, 145, 163, 165
Ethnic violence 1, 34, 16, 19, 32, 5556, 113n1, 115, 163, 180
and administrative units 13, 21, 33, 35, 45, 93, 106, 110, 118, 123, 141142, 152
Extraversion 89, 20, 23, 52, 81, 83, 86, 88, 95, 102, 107
Federalism 39, 41, 88, 90
Fragmentation
Administrative 21, 110, 123, 128, 133, 139141, 180, 183
Ethnic 2, 13, 112, 141142, 183184
Of chiefdoms/chieftaincies 33, 122, 124, 131
Gadet, Peter 56n12
Garang, John 53, 56, 59, 6165, 68, 76, 79, 84, 89, 112, 114, 125, 130
Garkuothkam 166167
Ground Rules Agreement 6364
House of Nationality 114
Humanitarian aid/industry 51, 5557, 61, 6567, 73, 83, 122
Diversion/looting 6364, 70
Humanitarian recognition 62
Identity politics ( ethnic militarization/politicization )
Incentives 1, 110, 121123, 131, 141, 183184
Institution building 7, 62, 67, 86,
Inter-communal violence ( ethnic violence )
Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan 76, 89, 146, 152,
International community 12, 14, 51, 6163, 75, 83, 85, 103, 181, 183184
International intervention 2, 5 11, 183
Investments 144145, 159, 168171
Islam 5, 17, 31, 39, 4748, 63
Isomorphic Mimicry 85, 9596, 99, 102103, 105, 107, 182
Israel 42
Juba 53, 80, 92n9, 145, 164166
Juba declaration 4, 105
Khartoum Peace Agreement 57n14, 68n26
Kiir, Salva 1, 89, 102, 106, 152153, 179
Kokora 48
Lagu, Joseph 42, 4748
Lainya 170, 175176, 178
Land
Centralization 4546, 146
Communal rights 142145, 147149, 152, 156, 165, 168, 170171, 178
Communal land ( Communal rights to land )
Communal ownership ( Communal rights to land )
Customary land tenure 46, 144148, 154, 165, 178
Customary rights ( Customary land tenure )
Customary ownership ( Customary land tenure )
disputes 32, 46, 150151, 153, 156, 159, 163, 165
Grabbing 164165, 168170, 174, 178, 180
Urban ( urban areas )
Land Act 147149, 153,
Land Policy 50, 149
Local Governance and Service Delivery Programme (LGSD) 133136
Local Government Act 90, 92, 116118, 123, 126, 148149
Local Government Board 89, 95, 134,
Local Government Framework 79, 90, 92, 125
Local Government Recovery Programme (LGRP) 9398, 100101, 103, 108n37
Local NGO s 57, 6465
Luki, Robert Ladu 147
LGA ( Local Government Act )
LGB ( Local Government Board )
Machakos Protocol 73, 75
Machar, Riek 1, 5556, 57n14, 60, 64, 68n25, 113n1, 114, 153, 178
Madi 153155, 165166, 178
Magwi 154155
Mahdi 27
Manga 156159
Mapuordit 135136
Marshal Report 35, 59
Memorandum of Understanding 6667
Nasir Faction 55, 57, 60, 62n21, 63
New Sudan 51, 59, 70, 7375, 78
New Sudan Council of Churches 16, 57
Nimeiri, Jafaar 4248, 146
Nimule 165166
Nuer 24, 2729, 31, 34, 47, 113n1, 156160, 166, 179
Oil 1, 4546, 48, 68n26, 104, 127, 158159
OLS ( Operation Lifeline Sudan )
Opari 154
Operation Lifeline Sudan 55, 6166 6869, 100,
Participation 68, 71, 73, 86, 88, 94, 101, 111, 134, 147, 168171, 177
Pasha, Emin 26, 37,
Payam Development Committee 134, 174
Peace conferences 3n2, 16, 155
Peace dividends 105, 108, 120, 124, 140, 181
Peacebuilding 2, 5 14, 16, 52, 59, 75,
Petterson, Donald 63
Planning and budgeting process 100101, 103104, 128, 136
Predictability 19, 23, 37, 60, 169
Relief aid ( humanitarian aid )
Rumbek 26, 37, 53, 96, 167n63
Sanctions 65, 75
South Sudan Independence Movement/Army 6364, 68n26
Southern policy 3135, 154
STAR ( Sudan Transitional Assistance and Rehabilitation project )
Sudan Transitional Assistance and Rehabilitation project 6773
State
Capture 21, 87, 110, 128, 141
Fragile/fragility 11, 74, 80, 120, 125
Legitimacy 6, 10, 12, 21, 36, 3940, 52, 65, 98, 101, 109110, 182183
State-building
Colonial state-building 28, 3637
International programmes 2, 57, 911, 50, 52, 69, 83, 93, 103104, 109, 115, 181
Local state-building agendas 43, 5052, 77, 83, 181
Sudan Defense Forces 40
Sudan People’s Liberation Army-United 62n21, 64
Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army-In Opposition 178
Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Association/Commission 5657, 6365, 6768, 7172
Sudanization 3940
Teak 175176
Tindilo 171174
Torit Mutiny 4041
Traditional Authority ( chiefs )
Traditional court ( customary court )
Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan 90n8, 106, 149
Tax/taxation 29, 3133, 37, 42, 45, 4748, 55, 58, 60, 66, 73, 121, 158, 161, 163
UNDP 75, 7880, 85, 87, 8990, 9394, 97, 100101, 103105, 116
UNICEF 62, 6771
Unregistered Land Act 45, 146
Urban
areas 142, 145, 153, 159160, 164166
councils 90, 92n9
USAID 64, 65, 67n 68
Vulgarization of power 11, 39, 86, 182
Workshops 71, 7883, 85
World Bank 134, 136, 144145
Yambio 40, 57
Yei 175176
Yirol 128130
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