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Table of Materials

Table of Treaties and Related Instruments

  • Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States, General Assembly Resolution. 3281(Xxix), UN gaor, 29th Sess., Supp. No. 31 (1974) 50

  • International Law Commission, ‘Draft Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts, with Commentaries’ (2001) Yearbook of the International Law Commission, Vol ii, Part Two

  • Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Republic of Albania for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Albania – UK bit), signed on 30 March 1994, entered into force on 30 August 1995

  • Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Albania concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investment, with Annex and Protocol (Albania – U.S. bit), signed on 11 January 1995, entered into force on 4 January 1998

  • Agreement between the Government of the Italian Republic and the Government of the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria on the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Algeria – Italy bit), signed on 18 May 1991, entered into force on 26 November 1993, termined on 26 November 2013

  • Treaty between the Argentine Republic and the Republic of Chile on Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Argentina-Chile bit), signed on 2 August 1991, entry into force on 1 January 1995

  • Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Ecuador and the Government of the Argentine Republic to Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments (Argentina – Ecuador bit), signed on 18 February 1994, entered into force on 1 November 1995, terminated on 18 May 2018

  • Agreement between the Government of the Republic of France and the Government of the Republic of Argentina for the Encouragement and the Protection of Mutual Investments (Argentina-France bit), signed on 3 July 1991, entry into force on 3 March 1993

  • Agreement between the Argentine Republic and the Italian Republic on Investment Promotion and Protection (Argentina – Italy bit), signed on 22 May 1990, entered into force 14 October 1993

  • Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Republic of Argentina for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Argentina – UK bit), signed on 11 December 1990, entered into force on 19 February 1993

  • Treaty between United States of America and the Argentine Republic Concerning the Reciprocal Encouragement and Protection of Investment (Argentina-US bit), signed on 14 November 1991, entry into force on 20 October 1994

  • Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Argentina on Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Argentina-Germany bit), signed on 9 April 1991, entry into force on 8 November 1993

  • Agreement between the Argentine Republic and the Kingdom of Spain on the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments (Argentina-Spain bit), signed on 3 October 1991, entered into force on 28 September 1992

  • Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Republic of India on the Promotion and Protection of Investments (AustraliaIndia bit), signed on 26 February 1999, entry into force on 4 May 2000

  • Australia-Indonesia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (ia-cepa), signed on 4 March 2019, entered into force on 5 July 2020

  • Agreement between Australia and Uruguay on the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Australia – Uruguay bit), signed on 3 September 2001, entered into force on 12 December 2002

  • Agreement between the United Mexican States and the Republic of Austria on the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Austria-Mexico bit), signed on 29 June 1998, entered into force on 26 March 2001

  • Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Croatia and the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan on the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Azerbaijan-Croatia bit), signed on 2 October 2007, entered into force on 30 May 2008

  • Agreement between the Government of Barbados and the Government of the Republic of Venezuela for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Barbados-Venezuela bit), signed on 15 July 1994, entered into force on 31 October 1995

  • Agreement between the Governments of the Kingdom of Belgium and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics concerning the encouragement and reciprocal protection of investments (Belgium/Luxembourg – ussr bit), signed on 9 February 1989, entered into force on 18 August 1991

  • Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union Model bit

  • Cooperation and Investment Facilitation Agreement between the Federative Republic Brazil and the Republic of Colombia (Brazil – Colombia bit), signed on 9 October 2015

  • Investment Cooperation and Facilitation Treaty between the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Republic of India (Brazil-India bit), signed on 25 January 2020

  • Treaty concerning the Reciprocal Encouragement and Protection of Investments between the Federal Republic of Germany and Bulgaria (Germany-Bulgaria bit), signed on 12 April 1986, entered into force on 10 March 1988, terminated on 9 June 2021

  • Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Finland and the Government of the Republic of Bulgaria on the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Bulgaria-Finland bit), signed on 3 October 1997, entry into force on 16 April 1999

  • Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of Burkina Faso for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Canada-Burkina Faso bit), signed on 20 April 2015, entered into force on 11 October 2017

  • Agreement on Economic and Technical Cooperation between the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Government of the Federal Republic of Cameroon (Cameroon-Netherlands bit), signed on 6 July 1965, entered into force on 7 May 1966

  • Canada Model Foreign Investment Agreement, 2004

  • Canada Model Foreign Investment Protection Agreement, 2021

  • Agreement Between the Government of Canada and the Government of the People’s Republic of China for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Canada-China bit), signed on 9 September 2012, entered into force on 1 October 2014

  • Agreement between Canada and the Czech Republic for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Canada-Czech bit), signed on 6 May 2009, entered into force on 22 January 2012

  • Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of Venezuela for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Canada-Venezuela bit), signed on 1 July 1996, entered into force on 28 January 1998

  • Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Chile and the Government of the Republic of Croatia on the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments (Chile – Croatia bit), signed on 28 November 1994, entered into force on 15 June 1996

  • Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Chile and the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark concerning the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Chile – Denmark bit), signed on 28 May 1993, entered into force on 3 November 1995

  • Agreement between the Government of Malaysia and the Government of the Republic of Chile on Investment Promotion and Protection (Chile – Malaysia bit), signed on 11 November 1992, entered into force on 4 August 1995

  • Agreement between the Government of the People’s Republic of Chjna and the Government of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic Concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (China – Laos bit), signed on 31 January 1993, entered into force on 1 June 1993

  • Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Peru and the Government of the People’s Republic of China concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (China-Peru bit), signed on 9 June 1994, entered into force on 1 February 1995

  • Agreement between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Yemen on the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (China-Yemen bit), signed on 16 February 1998, entered into force on 10 April 2002

  • Agreement on encouragement and reciprocal protection of investments between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (China-Netherlands bit), signed on 1 February 1987, entered into force on 1 August 2004

  • Free Trade Agreement between the Government of New Zealand and the Government of the People’s Republic of China (China-New Zealand fta), signed on 7 April 2008, entered into force on 1 October 2008

  • Agreement for the Promotion and Protection of Investments between the Republic of Colombia and the Republic of India (China-India bit), signed on 10 November 2009

  • Colombia – United States Trade Promotion Agreement (Colombia-U.S. tpa), signed on 22 November 2006, entered into force on 15 May 2012

  • Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (cptpp), signed on 8 March 2018, entered into force on 30 December 2018

  • Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (icsid Convention), entered into force on 14 October, 1966

  • Agreement on Economic and Technical Cooperation between the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Government of the Republic of the Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire-Netherlands bit), signed on 26 April 1965, entered into force on 8 September 1966

  • Agreement between the Government of the people’s Republic of Bulgaria and the Government of the Republic of Cyprus on Mutual Encouragement and Protection of Investments (Cyprus-Bulgaria bit), signed on 18 May 1988, entered into force on 13 December 2020

  • Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic for the Promotion and Protection of Investments with Protocol (Czech Republic – UK bit), signed on 10 July 1990, entered into force on 26 October 1992

  • Dutch-U.S. Treaty of Amity and Commerce, 1782

  • Treaty between the United States of America and the Republic of Ecuador concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investment (Ecuador – U.S. bit), signed on 27 August 1993, entered into force on 11 May 1997, terminated on 18 May 2018

  • Energy Charter Treaty (ect), 1994

  • Treaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Estonia for the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investment (Estonia – U.S. bit), signed on 19 April 1994, entered into force on 16 February 1997

  • Agreement between the European Union and Japan for an Economic Partnership (EU-Japan epa), signed on 17 July 2018, entered into force on 1 February 2019

  • EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (ceta), signed on 30 October 2016, came into force on September 21, 2017

  • European Convention on Human Rights, signed on 4 November 1950, entered into force on 3 September 1953

  • Investment Protection Agreement between the European Union and its Member States, of the One Part, and the Republic of Singapore, of the Other Part (EU-Singapore Free Trade Agreement), signed on 15 October 2018

  • Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Korea (EU-South Korea fta), signed on 6 October 2010, entered into force on 1 July 2011

  • Investment Protection Agreement between the European Union and its Member States, of the One Part, and the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, of the Other Part (EU-Viet Nam fta), signed on 30 June 2019

  • Agreement between the Government of the French Republic and the Government of the Republic of Moldova on the Reciprocal Encouragement and Protection of Investments (France-Moldova, Republic bit), signed on 8 September 1997, entered into force on 3 November 1999

  • Agreement between the Government of the French Republic and the Government of Turkmenistan on the Reciprocal Encouragement and Protection of Investments (France – Turkmenistan bit), signed on 28 April 1994, entered into force on 2 May 1996

  • Free Trade Agreement between Central America, the Dominican Republic and the United States of America (cafta), signed on 5 August 2004, entered into force on 1 January 2009

  • Germany Model Foreign Investment Agreement, 2008

  • Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Guatemala for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Capital Investments (Germany-Guatemala bit), signed on 17 October 2003, entered into force on 29 October 2006

  • Agreement between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Federal Republic of Germany concerning the Encoumgement and Reciprocal Protection of lnvestments (Germany-Egypt bit), signed on 16 June 2005, entered into force on 22 November 2009

  • Agreement between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Islamic Republic of Iran on Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments (Germany-Iran bit), signed on 17 August 2002, entered into force on 23 June 2005

  • Agreement between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Germany-Jordan bit), signed on 13 November 2007, entered into force on 28 August 2010

  • Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Liberia for the promotion and reciprocal protection of investments (Germany-Liberia bit), signed on 12 December 1961, entered into force on 22 October 1967

  • Aqreement Between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Federation of Malaya Concerning the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Germany-Malaysia bit), signed on 22 December 1960, entered into force on 6 July 1963

  • Agreement between the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia and the Federal Republic of Reciprocal Protection and Pormotion of Investments (Germany-Montenegro bit), signed on 10 July 1989, entered into force on 25 October 1990

  • Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Sultanate of Oman concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Germany-Oman bit), signed on 30 May 2007, entered into force on 4 April 2010

  • Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and Pakistan for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Germany-Pakistan bit), signed on 25 November 1959, entered into force on 28 April 1962

  • Treaty between the Kingdom of Thailand and the Federal Republic of Germany concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Germany-Thailand bit), signed on 24 June 2002, entered into force on 20 October 2004

  • Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Germany-Trinidad and Tobago bit), signed on 8 September 2006, entered into force on 17 April 2010

  • Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Turkey concerning the Reciprocal Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Germany-Turkey bit), signed on 20 June 1962, entered into force on 16 December 1965

  • Agreement between the Government of the United Mexican States and the Government of the Hellenic Republic on the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Greece-Mexico bit), signed on 30 November 2000, entered into force on 26 September 2002

  • Agreement between the Government of the Hellenic Republic and the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Greece-Uzbekistan bit), signed on 1 April 1997, entered into force on 8 May 1998

  • Agreement between the Government of the United IGngdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Republic of Honduras for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Honduras-UK bit), signed on 7 December 1993, entered into force on 8 March 1995

  • Agreement between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the United Mexican States for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Hong Kong-Mexico bit), signed on 23 January 2020, entered into force on 16 June 2021

  • Treaty between the Republic of Belarus and the Republic of India on Investments (India-Belarus bit), signed on 24 September 2018

  • Bilateral Investment Treaty between the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic and the Government of the Republic of India (India-Kyrgzstan bit), signed on 14 June 2019

  • Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Mauritius and the Government of the Republic of India for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (India – Mauritius bit), signed on 4 September 1998, entered into force on 20 June 2000, terminated on 22 March 2017

  • Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Indonesia-United Kingdom bit), signed on 27 April 1976, entered into force on 24 March 1977

  • Iran-Denmark Treaty of Friendship, Establishment and Commerce, 1934

  • Italy Model Bilateral Investment Treaty, 2021

  • Agreement between the Government of the State of Israel and the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Israel-Uzbekistan bit), signed on 4 July 1994, entered into force on 18 February 1997

  • Agreement between the Government of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Government of the Italian Republic on the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Italy-Jordan bit), signed on 21 July 1996, entered into force on 17 January 2000, terminated on 17 Jaunary 2015

  • Agreement between Japan and the People’s Republic of Bangladesh concerning the Promotion and Protection of Investment (Japan-Bangladesh bit), signed on 10 November 1998, entered into force on 25 August 1999

  • Agreement between Japan and the Arab Republic of Egypt concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investment (Japan-Egypt bit), signed on 28 January 1977, entered into force on 14 January 1978

  • Agreement between the Government of Japan and the Government of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea for the Promotion and Protection of Investment (Japan-Papua New Guinea bit), signed on 26 April 2011, entered into force on 17 January 2014

  • Agreement Between the Hasihemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Republic of Turkey Concerning the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments (Jordan-Turkey bit), signed on 2 August 1993, entered into force on 23 January 2006

  • Agreement on the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments between the Kingdom of Spain and the United Mexican States (Mexico-Spain bit), signed on 23 June 1995, entered into force on 18 December 1996, terminated on 3 April 2008

  • Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Republic of Moldova for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Moldova-United Kingdom bit), signed on 19 March 1996, entered into force on 30 July 1998

  • Treaty between the United States of America and the Republic of Moldova concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investment (Moldova-U.S. bit), signed on 21 April 1993, entered into force on 26 November 1994

  • Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of Mongolia on Promotion and Mutual Protection of Investments (Mongolia-Russia bit), signed on 29 November 1995, entered into force on 26 February 2006

  • Agreement on encouragement and reciprocal protection of investments between the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic (Netherlands-Slovakia bit), signed on 29 April 1991, entered into force on 1 October 1992, terminated on 31 March 2021

  • Agreement between the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia on Promotion and Protection of Investment (Netherlands-Indonesia bit), signed on 6 April 1994, entered into force on 1 July 1995, terminated on 30 June 2015

  • Agreement between the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka for the promotion and protection of investments (Netherlands-Sri Lanka bit), signed on 26 April 1984, 1 May 1985

  • Convention between the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Government of the Tunisia Republic concerning the Encouragement of Capital Investment and the Protection of Property (Netherlands-Tunisia bit), signed on 23 May 1963, entered into force on 19 December 1964, terminated on 1 August 1999

  • Agreement on encouragement and reciprocal protection of investments between the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Netherlands-ussr bit), signed on 5 October 1989, entered into forced on 20 July 1991

  • North American Free Trade Agreement between Canada, The United States and Mexico (nafta), signed on 17 December 1992, entered into force on 1 January 1994, terminated on 1 July 2020

  • Nijmegen Treaty concluded between the Netherlands and Sweden, 1679

  • Agreement on encouragement and reciprocal protection of investments between the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Macedonian Government (North Macedonia-Netherlands bit), signed on 7 July 1998, entered into force on 1 June 1999

  • Agreement between the Government of the Kingdom of Norway and the Government of the Republic of Hungary on the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Norway-Hungary bit), signed on 8 April 1991, entered into force on 4 December 1992

  • oecd Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital, 2017

  • Agreement on Promotion, Protection and Guarantee of Investments amongst the Member States of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (oic Investment Agreement), signed on 5 June 1981, entered into force on February 1988

  • Agreement between the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Republic of Turkey concerning the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments (Pakistan-Turkey bit), signed on 16 March 1995, entered into force on 3 September 1997

  • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (rcep), signed on 15 November 2020, entered into force on 1 January 2022

  • Agreement for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments between Spain and the Russian Federation (Spain-Russia bit), signed on 26 October 1990, entered into force on 28 November 1991

  • Free Trade Agreement between the Republic of Korea and the Republics of Central America (South Korea-Central America fta), signed on 21 February 2018, entered into force on 1 March 2021

  • Agreement on the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments between the Kingdom of Spain and the United Mexican States (Spain-Mexico bit), signed on 10 October 2006, entered into force on 3 April 2008

  • Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Sri Lanka-UK bit), signed on 13 November 1980, entered into force on 18 December 1980

  • Slovakia Model Bilateral Investment Treaty, 2016

  • Statute of the International Court of Justice, 1945

  • Agreement on Free Trade and Economic Partnership between the Swiss Confederation and Japan (Switzerland-Japan epa), signed on 19 February 2009, entered into force on 1 September 2009

  • Agreement between the Swiss Federal Council and the Government of Turkmenistan on the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Switzerland-Turkmenistan bit), signed on 15 May 2008, entered into force on 2 April 2009

  • Treaty on investment protection and cooperation between the Swiss Confederation and the Republic of Congo-Brazzaville (Switzerland-Congo bit), signed on 18 October 1962, entered into force on 11 July 1964

  • Treaty on investment protection and cooperation between the Swiss Confederation and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (Switzerland-Côte d’Ivoire bit), signed on 26 June 1962, entered into force on 18 January 1962

  • Agreement on Trade, Investments and technical Cooperation between the Swiss Confederation and the Republic of Guinea (Switzerland-Guinea bit), signed on 26 April 1962, entered into force on 29 July 1963

  • Trade, Investment and Technical Cooperation Agreement between the Swiss Confederation and the Republic of Niger (Switzerland-Niger bit), signed on 28 March 1962, entered into force on 17 November 1962

  • Agreement between the Government of the Swiss Confederation and the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania on the reciprocal encouragement and protection of investments (Switzerland-Tanzania bit), signed on 3 May 1965, entered into force on 16 September 1965, terminated on 6 April 2006

  • The General Treaty between France and Great Britain of 1856

  • The Treaty of Commerce and Navigation between France and Spain of 1861

  • Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (tpp), signed on 4 February 2016

  • Treaty of Amity, Commerce and Navigation concluded between Denmark and Liberia, 1860

  • Treaty of Commerce and Navigation entered into between the United States and Prussia 1828

  • Agreement between the Republic of Turkey and Turkmenistan concerning the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments (Turkey-Turkmenistan bit), 2 May 1992, entered into force 13 March 1997

  • Agreement between the Government of the United Arab Emirates and the Government of Turkmenistan for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (Turkmenistan- United Arab Emirates bit), signed on 9 June 1998, entered into force on 24 November 1999

  • Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of Turkmenistan for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Turkmenistan-United Kingdom bit), signed on 9 February 1995, entered into force on 9 February 1995

  • Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Republic of Venezuela for the Promotion and Proteetion of Investments (UK-Venezuela bit) signed on 15 March 1995, entered into force on 1 August 1996

  • Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the United Mexican States for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (UK-Mexico bit), signed on 12 May 2006, entered into force on 25 July 2007

  • UK-Persia Treaty, 1857

  • UK-Persia Treaty, 1903

  • Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (UK-ussr bit), signed on 6 April 1989, entered into force on 3 July 1991

  • UN Model Double Taxation Convention between Developed and Developing Countries (1999 Revision)

  • uncitral Arbitration Rules, 2010

  • Free Trade Agreement between Australia and the United States of America (U.S.-Australia fta), signed on 18 May 2004, entered into force on 1 January 2005

  • Free Trade Agreement Between the Government of Chile and the Government of the United States of America (U.S.-Chile fta), signed on 6 June 2003, entered into force on 1 January 2004

  • Treaty between the United States of America and Jamaica concerning the Reciprocal Encouragement and Protection of Investment (U.S.-Jamaica bit), signed on 4 February 1994, entered into force on 7 March 1997

  • Agreement between the United States of America and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on the Establishment of a Free Trade Area (U.S.-Jordan fta), signed on 24 November 2000, entered into force on 17 December 2001

  • Free Trade Agreement between the United States and the Republic of Korea (U.S.-Korea fta), signed on 30 June 2007, entered into force on 15 March 2012

  • Agreement between the United States of America, the United Mexican States, and Canada (usmca), signed on 30 November 2018, entered into force on 1 July 2020

  • U.S. Model Foreign Investment Agreement, 2004

  • The Treaty between the United States of America and the Republic of Panama concerning the Treatment and Protection of Investments (U.S.-Panama bit), signed on 27 October 1982, entered into force on 30 May 1991

  • Free Trade Agreement between Singapore and the United States of America (U.S.-Singapore fta), signed on 6 May 2003, entered into force on 1 January 2004

  • Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (vclt), 1969

Table of Other Primary Legal Sources

  • nafta Free Trade Commission, ‘nafta Notes of Interpretation of Certain Chapter 11 Provisions on July 31, 2001’

  • ‘The McKinley Tariff of 1890 | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives’ <https://history.house.gov/Historical-Highlights/1851-1900/The-McKinley-Tariff-of-1890/> accessed 23 June 2021

  • UN General Assembly, ‘Declaration on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order’ (1974)

  • United Nations Conference on the Law of Treaties, First and Second Session, Documents of the Conference (1971) a/ conf.39/1 l/Add.2

Table of Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) Cases

  • Abaclat and others v Argentina, Decision on Jurisdiction and Admissibility dated 4 August 2011,icsid Case No. arb/07/5

  • adfGroup Inc v United States, Award dated 9 January 2003,icsid Case No. arb(af)/00/1

  • adfGroup Inc v US, Investor’s Reply to the US Counter-Memorial on Competence and Liability dated 28 January 2002,icsid Case No. arb(af)/00/1

  • Aguas del Tunarisav Republic of Bolivia, Decision on Jurisdiction dated 21 October 2005,icsid Case No. arb/02/3

  • Amco Asia Corporation and others v Republic of Indonesia, Decision on Jurisdiction dated 25 September 1983, icsid Case No. arb/81/1

  • Anglo-Iranian Oil Co (United Kingdom v Iran), International Court of Justice

  • Apotex Holdings Inc and Apotex Inc v United States of America (iii), Award dated 25 August 2014, icsid Case No. arb(af)/12/1

  • Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Georgia v Russian Federation), Judgment of 1 April 2011, International Court of Justice

  • Asian Agricultural Products Ltd (aapl) v Republic of Sri Lanka, Award dated 27 June 1990,icsid Case No. arb/87/3

  • ataConstruction, Industrial and Trading Company v Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Award dated 18 May 2010, icsid Case No. arb/08/2

  • Austrian Airlines v The Slovak Republic, Final Award dated 9 October 2009, uncitral Arbitration

  • Autobuses Urbanos del Sursa, Teinversaand Transportes de Cercaníassav Argentine Republic, icsid Case No. arb/09/1

  • awgGroup Ltd v The Argentine Republic, Decision on Jurisdiction dated 3 August 2006,uncitral Arbitration

  • Bayindir Insaat Turizm Ticaret Ve Sanayiasv Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Award dated 27 August 2009, icsid Case No. arb/03/29

  • Beijing Urban Construction Group Co Ltd v Republic of Yemen, Decision on Jurisdiction dated 31 May 2017,icsid Case No. arb/14/30

  • Canadian Cattlemen v US, Award on Jurisdiction dated 28 January 2008, uncitral Arbitration

  • Cargill, Incorporated v United Mexican States, Award dated 18 September 2009,icsid Case No. arb(af)/05/2 167

  • Case concerning Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo (New Application: 2002) (Democratic Republic of the Congo v Rwanda), Judgment of 3 February 2006

  • Case Concerning The Factory At Chorzów (Germany v Republic of Poland), Claim for Indemnity, Merits, Judgment,pcijSeries A No 17, 1928

  • cc/Devas (Mauritius) Ltd, Devas Employees Mauritius Private Limited, and Telcom Devas Mauritius Limited v Republic of India, Award on Jurisdiction and Merits dated 25 July 2016,pca Case No. 2013–09

  • cmeCzech Republicbvv The Czech Republic, Final Award dated 14 March 2003,uncitral Arbitration

  • cmsGas Transmission Company v The Argentine Republic, Award dated 12 May 2005,icsid Case No. arb/01/8

  • Christian Doutremepuich and Antoine Doutremepuich v Mauritius, Award on Jurisdiction dated 23 August 2019,pca Case No. 2018–37

  • Convial Callaosaandcci– Compañía de Concesiones de Infraestructurasav Republic of Peru,icsid Case No. arb/10/2

  • Crompton (Chemtura) Corp v Government of Canada, Award dated 2 August 2010,uncitral Arbitration

  • Daimler Financial Servicesagv Argentine Republic, Award Dated 22 August 2012,icsid Case No. arb/05/1

  • Deana Anthone, Neil Ayervais, Douglas Black and others v United Mexican States, Partial Award dated 19 July 2019,icsid Case No. arb(af)/16/3

  • edfInternationalsa,saurInternationalsaand León Participaciones Argentinassav Argentine Republic, Award dated 11 June 2012icsid Case No. arb/03/23

  • Emilio Agustín Maffezini v The Kingdom of Spain, Decision of the Tribunal on Objections to Jurisdiction dated 25 January 2000, icsid Case No. arb/97/7

  • Enrique Heemsen and Jorge Heemsen v Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, award on Jurisdiction dated 29 October 2019,pca Case No. 2017–18

  • Ethyl Corporation v The Government of Canada, Award on Jurisdiction dated 24 June 1998,uncitral Arbitration

  • European American Investment Bankagv The Slovak Republic, Award on Jurisdiction dated 22 October 2012,pca Case No. 2010–17

  • Fisheries Jurisdiction (Spain v Canada), Judgment of 4 December 1998, International Court of Justice

  • Franck Charles Arif v Republic of Moldova, Award 8 April 2013,icsid Case No. arb/11/23

  • Frontier Dispute (Burkina Faso v Republic of Mali), Judgment of 22 December 1986, International Court of Justice

  • Garanti Kozallpv Turkmenistan, Decision on the Objection to Jurisdiction for Lack of Consent dated 3 July 2013, icsid Case No. arb/11/20 271

  • Gas Naturalsdg,sav Argentine Republic, Decision of the Tribunal on Preliminary Questions on Jurisdiction dated 17 June 2005, icsid Case No. arb/03/10 31

  • geaGroup Aktiengesellschaft v Ukraine, Award dated 31 March 2011, icsid Case No. arb/08/16 101

  • Glamis Gold, Ltd v United States, Award dated 8 June 2009, uncitral Arbitration

  • Grand River Enterprises Six Nations, Ltd, et.al v United States of America, Award dated 12 January 2011,uncitral Arbitration

  • Hesham Talaat M Al-Warraq v The Republic of Indonesia, Final Award dated 15 December 2014, uncitral Arbitration

  • hicee bvv The Slovak Republic, Partial Award dated 23 May 2011,pca Case No. 2009–11

  • Hochtief Aktiengesellschaft v Argentine Republic, Decision on Jurisdiction dated 24 October 2011,icsid Case No. arb/07/31

  • İçkale İnşaat Limited Şirketi v Turkmenistan, Award dated 8 March 2016, icsid Case No. arb/10/24

  • icsInspection and Control Services Limited v The Argentine Republic (i), Award on Jurisdiction dated 10 February 2012,pca Case No. 2010–9

  • Impregilo S.pA v Argentine Republic (i), Award dated 21 June 2011, icsid Case No. arb/07/17

  • Impregilo S.pA v Islamic Republic of Pakistan (ii), Decision on Jurisdiction dated 22 April 2005,icsid Case No. arb/03/3

  • International Thunderbird Gaming Corporation v The United Mexican States, Award dated 26 January 2006, uncitral Arbitration

  • Kimberly-Clarkbvba, Kimberly-Clark Dutch Holdings,b.v., Kimberly-Clark S.L.U. v Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Award dated November 5, 2021icsid Case No. arb(af)/18/3)

  • Krederi Ltd. v Ukraine, Award dated 2 July 2018,icsid Case No. arb/14/17

  • lesi, S.pA and Astaldi, S.pA v People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, Awarded dated 12 November 2008,icsid Case No. arb/05/3

  • Loewen Group, Inc and Raymond L Loewen v United States of America, Award dated 26 June 2003, icsid Case No.arb(af)/98/3 71

  • Marvin Feldman v Mexico, Award dated 16 December 2002,icsid Case No. arb(af)/99/1

  • mciPower Group,lcand New Turbine, Inc v Republic of Ecuador, Award dated 31 July 2007,icsid Case No. arb/03/6

  • Mercer International v Canada, Award dated 6 March 2018,icsid Case No. arb(af)/12/3

  • Merrill & Ring Forestrylpv Canada, award dated 31 March 2010, icsid Case No. unct/07/1

  • Mesa Power Groupllcv Government of Canada, Award dated 24 March 2016,pca Case No. 2012–17

  • Metal-Tech Ltd v Republic of Uzbekistan, Award dated 4 October 2013, icsid Case No. arb/10/3

  • Methanex v United States, final Award of the Tribunal on Jurisdiction and Merits dated 3 August 2005, uncitral Arbitration

  • mnss bvand Recupero Credito Acciaionvv Montenegro Award on 4 May 2016,icsid Case No. arb(af)/12/8

  • mtdEquity Sdn Bhd andmtdChilesav Chile, Award dated 25 May 2004,icsid Case No. arb/01/7

  • Muhammet Çap & Sehil Inşaat Endustri ve Ticaret Ltd. Sti. v Turkmenistan, Award dated 4 May 2021,icsid Case No. arb/12/6

  • National Gridplcv The Argentine Republic, Decision on Jurisdiction dated June 2006,uncitral Arbitration

  • Nuclear Tests (Australia v France), Judgment of 20 December 1974, International Court of Justice

  • Occidental Exploration and Production Company v Republic of Ecuador (i), Award dated 1 July 2004uncitrl, lcia Case No. UN3467

  • Oil Platforms (Islamic Republic of Iran v United States of America), Judgment on Preliminary Objections dated 12 December 1996, Separate Opinion by Judge Higgins, International Court of Justice

  • ojsc“Tatneft” v Ukraine, Award on the Merits dated 29 July 2014, uncitral Arbitration

  • Parkerings-Compagnietasv Republic of Lithuania, Award dated 11 September 2007,icsid No. arb/05/8

  • Phoenix Action Ltd v Czech Republic, Award dated15 April 2009,icsid Case No. arb/06/5

  • Plama Consortium Limited v Republic of Bulgaria, Decision on Jurisdictio dated 8 February 2005, icsid Case No. arb/03/24

  • Pope & Talbot v Government of Canada, Award in Respect of Damages dated 31 May 2002,uncitral Arbitration

  • Pope&talbot v Canada, Award on the Merits of Phase 2 dated 10 April 2001, uncitral Arbitration

  • Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v Uruguay), Judgment of 20 April 2010, International Court of Justice

  • Quasar de Valoressicav sa, Orgor de Valoressicav sa,gbi9000sicav saandalos34slv The Russian Federation, Award on Preliminary Objections dated 20 March 2009,scc Case No. 24/2007

  • Rafat Ali Rizvi v Republic of Indonesia, Award dated 17 July 2013, icsid Case No. arb/11/13

  • Rights of Nationals of the United States of America in Morocco (France v United States of America), International Court of Justice

  • RosInvest Co UK Ltd v Russia, Award on Jurisdiction dated October 2007,scc Case No. 079/2005

  • Rumeli Telekomasand Telsim Mobil Telekomunikasyon Hizmetleriasv Republic of Kazakhstan, Award dated 29 July 2008, icsid Case No. arb/05/16

  • Rusoro Mining Ltd v Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Award dated 22 August 2016,icsid Case No. arb(af)/12/5

  • Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Europe v Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Decision on Liability and the Principles of Quantum dated 30 December 2016,icsid Case No. arb/12/13

  • Salini Costruttori S.pA and Italstrade S.pA v Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Decision on Jurisdiction dated 9 November 2004, icsid Case No. arb/02/13

  • Sanum Investments v Lao People’s Democratic Republic (i) (pcaCase No 2013–13), Award on Jurisdiction dated 13 December 2013, pca Case No. 2013–13

  • sdMyers, Inc v Government of Canada, Final Award dated 30 December 2002

  • Sergei Paushok,cjscGolden East Company andcjsc Vostokneftegaz Company v The Government of Mongolia, Award on Jurisdiction and Liability dated 28 April 2011, uncitral Arbitration

  • sgsSociété Générale de Surveillancesav Philippines, Decision on Jurisdiction, 29 January 2004,icsid Case No. arb/02/6

  • Siemensagv The Argentine Republic, Decision on Jurisdiction dated 3 August 2004,icsid Case No. arb/02/8

  • Société Générale in respect ofdrEnergy Holdings Limited and Empresa Distribuidora de Electricidad del Este,sav The Dominican Republic, lcia Case No. UN 7927

  • Southern Pacific Properties (Middle East) Limited v Arab Republic of Egypt, Decision on Jurisdictionii, 27th April 1985,icsid No. arb/84/3

  • ssLotus (France v Turkey), Judgment No 9 dated 7 September 1927,pcij Series A No. 10

  • st-adGmbH v The Republic of Bulgaria, Award on Jurisdiction dated 18 July 2013,pca Case No. 2011–06

  • Suez, Sociedad General de Aguas de Barcelona,saand Interagua Servicios Integrales de Agua,sav Argentine Republic, Decision on Jurisdiction dated 16 May 2006, icsid Case No. arb/03/17

  • Técnicas Medioambientales Tecmed,sav The United Mexican States, Award dated 29 May 2003, icsid Case No. arb (af)/00/2

  • Telefónicasav Argentine Republic, Decision on Jurisdiction dated 25 May 2006,icsid Case No. arb/03/20

  • Telenor Mobile Communicationsasv Republic of Hungary, Award dated 13 September 2016,icsid Case No. arb/04/15

  • The Ambatielos Claim (Greece, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland), Arbitral Award of the Commission of Arbitration in 1956, Reports of International Arbitral Awards

  • Tza Yap Shum v Republic of Peru, Decision on Jurisdiction and Competence dated 19 June 2009,icsid Case No. arb/07/6

  • United Parcel Service of America Inc v Government of Canada, Award on the Merits dated 24 May 2007,icsid Case No. unct/02/1

  • upandc.dHolding Internationale v Hungary, Decision on Jurisdiction dated 3 March 2016, icsid Case No.arb/13/35

  • Vannessa Ventures Ltd v Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Decision on jurisdiction dated 22 August 2008,icsid Case No. arb(af)/04/6

  • Venezuela US,srlv Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Interim Award on Jurisdiction dated 26 July 2016,pca Case No. 2013–34

  • Vento Motorcycles, Inc. v United Mexican States, Award dated 6 July 2020, icsid Case No. arb(af)/17/3

  • Vladimir Berschader and Michael Berschader v Russian Federation, Decision on Jurisdiction, 21st April 2006, scc Case No. 080/2004

  • White Industries Australia Limited v The Republic of India, Final Award dated 30 November 2011,uncitral Arbitration

  • Windstream Energyllcv The Government of Canada, Award dated 27 September 2016, pca Case No. 2013–22

  • Wintershall Aktiengesellschaft v Argentine Republic, Award dated 8 December 2008,icsid Case No. arb/04/14

  • wncFactoring Ltd (wnc) v The Czech Republic, Award dated 22 February 2017,pca Case No. 2014–34

  • Yaung Chi v Myanmar Yaung ChiooTrading Pte Ltd v Government of the Union of Myanmar, Award dated 31 March 2003,asean Case No. arb/01/1

  • Yukos Universal Limited (Isle of Man) v The Russian Federation,pca Case No. 2005-04/aa227

Table of WTO Cases

  • Appellate Body Report, Chile – Price Band System and Safeguard Measures Relating to Certain Agricultural Products (Chile-Price Band System),wt/ds207/ab/r, ab-2002-2

  • Appellate Body Report, European Communities – Conditions for the Granting of Tariff Preferences to Developing Countries (ec– Tariff Preferences),wt/ds246/ab/r

  • Appellate Body Report, United States – Measures Affecting the Cross-Border Supply of Gambling and Betting Services (US – Gambling), wt/ds285/ab/r

  • Appellate Body Report, United States – Import Prohibition of Certain Shrimp and Shrimp Products (US – Shrimp), wt/ds58/ab/r

  • Appellate Body Report, Japan – Taxes on Alcoholic Beverages (Japan – Alcoholic Beveragesii), wt/ds8/ab/r, wt/ds10/ab/r, wt/ds11/ab/r

  • Appellate Body report, United States – Measures Affecting the Production and Sale of Clove Cigarettes (Clove Cigarettes),wt/ds406/ab/r

  • Appellate Body Report, European Communities – Customs Classification of Frozen Boneless Chicken Cuts (ec-Chicken Cuts),wt/ds269/ab/r; wt/ds286/ab/r

  • Appellate Body Report, European Communities – Measures Affecting Asbestos and Asbestos-Containing Products (ec– Asbestos), wt/ds135/ab/r

  • wto Appellate Body Report, United States – Continued Existence and Application of Zeroing Methodology (US-Continued Zeroing),wt/ds350/ab/r

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