Notes on Contributors

In: Space Law in a Networked World
P.J. Blount
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Notes on Contributors

André Adelsbach

is the vp Group Information and Cyber Security at ses and responsible for defining and executing ses’ Cyber Security Strategy and continuously enhancing ses’ security framework. Since joining ses in 2010, André is leading and developing ses’ Information and Cyber Security function, which covers all aspects of information and cyber security, including security governance, security risk management, security engineering and security operations across ses. Before joining ses, André headed the Security, Audit and Governance Services team of Telindus – Belgacom ict in Luxembourg, where he oversaw the development and delivery of strategic security services in the governmental, financial, communications, insurance and space sector. André is a cyber security enthusiast, who has been working in information and cyber security for more than 20 years. He authored more than 40 international publications and served as a program committee member and reviewer for various information security conferences and journals. André Adelsbach earned a PhD for his research in information security and cryptographic copyright protection at Horst Görtz Institute for it Security and a master’s degree in computer science from Saarland University. André is certified cism, iso 27001 Lead Auditor and Lead Implementer, gcfa and grem. He is a member of the giac Advisory Board and served on the board of the owasp Luxembourg Chapter.

Sandra Cabrera Alvarado

Her international studies focused on space policy and law leaded her to develop an international work experience. Currently she works at the European Association for Remote Sensing Companies-earsc leading space projects funded by the European Commission. In 2016 she joined the University of Luxembourg with a scholarship to do her PhD studies on the legal and political analysis of the EU Copernicus’ open data policy. Prior to her studies she worked in Mexico at the Mexican Space Agency (aem) in 2013. Before that, in 2011 Sandra joined the analyst team of the U.S. telecommunications consultancy firm Northern Sky Research. In 2009, she worked as a consultant at the Science Sector at unesco supporting the Space for Heritage initiative projects for developing countries. She obtained an international relations degree from the Americas University in Mexico in 2003 and later pursued her master studies at the International Space University in 2007 followed by a second master in Space and Telecommunications Law at the Paris-xi Jean Monnet University in Paris, France. She holds a Law PhD degree from the University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg.

Ingo Baumann

is partner of bho Legal, a boutique technology law firm based in Cologne, Germany and one of Europe´s leading space law firms. Ingo has more than 20 years of professional experience in the space industry. He wrote his PhD at the Cologne Institute of Air and Space Law on the international law of satellite communication. Before establishing bho Legal, he was legal adviser within the German Aerospace Centre (dlr), becoming later the Head of the dlr Galileo Project Office, and ceo of dlr GfR mbH, the operating company of dlr for the German Galileo Control Centre. Ingo is advising ministries, space agencies, research organisations, universities and companies of all types involved in large public space programmes as well as commercial space activities across all application areas. His expertise covers international and national space law, international and national telecommunication law, procurement law, R&D law, it law and all types of space industry contracts. Over the years, Ingo has been involved in numerous large public space programs such as Galileo, Copernicus, edrs, SatcomBW2 and he is closely supporting several NewSpace companies in their business development. Ingo is member of the International Institute of Space Law (iisl), the European Centre for Space Law (ecsl), the Space Law Committee of the International Bar Association (iba) and various other professional space industry organisations. He is co-editor of the upcoming Routledge Handbook of Commercial Space Activities, column editor of “gnss & the Law” in InsideGNSS and regular speaker at space industry conferences.

P.J. Blount

(Ph.D., M.S., Global Affairs, Rutgers University; ll.m., King’s College London; J.D., University of Mississippi; b.a./a.b.j., University of Georgia) is a Lecturer in Law in the School of Law and Politics at Cardiff University. He has also serves as an adjunct professor for the ll.m. in the Air and Space Law at the University of Mississippi School of Law. Previously he has served as a Research Fellow at ses, a Postdoctoral Researcher at the University of Luxembourg, an adjunct professor at Montclair State University, and a Visiting Scholar at the Beijing Institute of Technology School of Law. Blount’s primary research areas are legal issues related to Space Security and Cyberspace Governance. He has published and presented widely on the topic of Space Security Law and has given expert testimony on Space Traffic Management before the U.S. House of Representatives’ Subcommittee on Space. He is an editor of the Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law and was formerly the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Space Law. He currently serves as the Executive Secretary of the International Institute of Space Law and is a member of the State Bar of Georgia (USA).

Sébastien Bonnart

is an aerospace professional and a cybersecurity hobbyist. After graduating from insa Lyon as a telecommunication engineer 10 years ago, Sébastien occupied various positions within a leading integrator of ground stations. This provided him with a comprehensive knowledge of design, maintenance and use-cases of complex satellite antenna systems all over the world. As a teenager, he learned programming and was always determined to push the limits of computers and programs. After graduation, he decided to pursue space as a career and to keep cybersecurity as a hobby. Nowadays, Sébastien is developing his binary exploitation skills, complemented by playful and intense Capture-the Flag cybersecurity competitions (including Hack-A-Sat finals in 2021). His passion for space led him to join volunteers of the Space Generation Advisory Council. Here, he takes part in the publication of conference papers to raise awareness on chosen space related topics and he provides technical contributions to the Space&Cybersecurity, as well as the Small Satellite project groups. Sébastien believes that it is essential to address cybersecurity issues in outer space because over the last few decades, space and cybersecurity technologies have been evolving independently at incredible rates. It is now time for space to integrate a cybersecurity culture. However, space has particularities that will challenge digital norms until both industries cooperate and achieve a true “space cybersecurity.”

Andrea Capurso

is a member of the sgac Space and Cybersecurity Project Group. He is a PhD candidate in International Law at luiss University in Rome, where he is conducting his research on domestic laws related to private space activities. At the same time, he works as Junior Associate at Studio Legale Guarino, a law firm based in Rome and specialized in Administrative Law. He has previously worked for Telespazio and the European Union Agency for the Space Program (euspa) and holds an Adv. llm in Air & Space Law from Leiden University. The focus of his publications is on space law and cyber law. In particular, he addressed issues related to cyber operations and satellite insurance, asat tests and military uses of outer space, national authorizations of space missions and property rights on celestial bodies. His paper titled “The non-appropriation principle: a Roman interpretation” was awarded in 2018 by the International Institute of Space Law (iisl) with the “Diederiks-Verschoor Award” for best paper presented at the Institute’s Colloquium.

Antonio Carlo

is currently working for an international organisation in the security and defence field. He is also a PhD candidate at the Tallinn University of Technology specialising in space and cyber, particularly in defence. Antonio holds two Master degrees with honors in International Relations and Political Science from La Sapienza University of Rome. In addition to his second Master’s, he studied at the Pontifical Institute for Arabic and Islamic Studies (pisai) where he strengthened his understanding of Arabic culture and language. He is a member of the Space Generation Advisory Council, the International Institute of Space Law, and the European Centre for Space Law.

Marco Crepaldi

is an independent researcher focusing on the ethical issues of new technologies. He is interested in space activities, artificial intelligence and the governance of cryptonetworks from the legal and regulatory perspective. Following law school, he obtained an interdisciplinary doctorate in law, science and technology from the University of Bologna in co-tutelle with the University of Luxembourg. Before pursuing his research independently, Dr. Crepaldi held appointments at the University of Luxembourg in the Faculty of Science Technology and Medicine and at KU Leuven within the Centre for it and ip Law.

Thea Flem Dethlefsen

is currently working as a Policy Officer at the European Commission. She holds a Bachelor and Master in law from University of Copenhagen and an advanced ll.m. in Air and Space Law from the Leiden University. Previously, she worked as a Contracts Officer under the Young Graduate Traineeship Programme at the European Space Agency and was the Programme Assistant during the International Space University’s 2018 Space Studies Programme. She is the co-founder of the Space and Cybersecurity Project Group under the Space Generation Advisory Council and previously co-lead. She is part of the Membership Committee of the International Institute of Space Law and is the recipient of the 2019 Diederiks-Verschoor Award.

Mahulena Hofmann

is holder of the ses Chair in Space, SatCom and Media Law at the University of Luxembourg. Since 2016, she serves as director of the Master Program in Space, Communication and Media Law. At the same time, she is lecturing international law at the Charles University in Prague. In 2016, she was head of an international team which analysed the framework of space resources activities; afterwards, she has been working on a Draft general space legislation of Luxembourg. Regularly, she is member of the Luxembourg delegation to the Legal Sub-Committee of the UN copuos. Between 2017 and 2019, she was representing the University in The Hague International Space Resources Governance Group. M. Hofmann is member of the International Astronautical Academy, and of the Board of the International Institute of Space Law which awarded her a Distinguished Service Award in 2020. She is author of more than 100 articles and seven books; in 2019, she published an “Introduction to Space Law” with Tanja Masson-Zwaan. In 2020, she supported the unoosa in the preparation of an online e-learning course in space law. Her main areas of interest are space law and international telecommunication law.

Ross Horne

is a research fellow in computer science at University of Luxembourg. He played a role setting up the Space Informatics direction of the Interdisciplinary Space Master Program on behalf of the Faculty of Science Technology and Medicine. His research centres around harnessing fundamental advances in logic to improve methods for evaluating security and privacy problems. He is also interested in communicating emerging privacy vulnerabilities to stakeholders, where the legal context can strengthen arguments in support of improving the privacy of citizens. Educated in the UK at Oxford University, and University of Southampton, Dr. Horne has spent several years in Asia, holding a senior research position at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, and has held an associate professorship developing teaching and research at emerging universities in Kazakhstan.

Laura Keogh

achieved her bachelors from Trinity College Dublin and her masters from Edinburgh University. She is a graduate of the International Space University’s 2016 ssp, where she has subsequently given workshops on the intersection between data protection and space law. She is the author of “Data Protection Compliance, A Guide to gdpr and Irish Data Protection Law,” published by Clarus Press. Laura formally trained as a barrister-at-law in Ireland and currently works as data protection in house legal counsel at Meta in Ireland.

Mclee Kerolle

is a graduate of the International Institute of Air and Space Law at Leiden University where he wrote his Masters thesis on the regulation of commercial spaceports worldwide. While his thesis was inspired by Spaceport America, it specifically focused on proposed spaceports in Hawaii and Curacao. During his time at Leiden, Mclee worked at the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (iaass) where his responsibilities focused on researching third party liability issues associated with commercial human spaceflight. He also served as the Executive Secretary for the Space Generation Advisory Council (sgac) and is currently an active member of their Diversity Action Team and Effective and Adaptive Governance for a Lunar Ecosystem (e.a.g.l.e.) Action Team. His work with e.a.g.l.e. resulted in a Lunar Charter Report being presented at the United Nations’ Office of Outer Space Affairs Legal Subcommittee in the summer of 2021. Mclee also serves as the Deputy Executive Director for the Space Court Foundation, a 501(c)(3) that specializes in promoting space law and policy education. In addition, Mclee is the Program Director for the Caribbean Space Society, a working group of the Institute of Caribbean Studies that aims to establish a unified Caribbean Space Agenda.

Jonathan Lim

is an Australian lawyer, geopolitical analyst, and cyber security analyst. He is the Project Co-lead with Jus Ad Astra – focused on exploring intersections between international human rights law and outer space affairs. He is an individual Member of the International Institute of Space Law, Researcher with the Institute for Internet and the Just Society, Research Advisor with Tod’Aers, Member on the Legal Council with For All Moonkind, and serves as Special Advisor to the sgac Space & Cybersecurity Project Group. His qualifications include a Bachelor of Arts and Juris Doctor with Monash University, Graduate Diploma of Legal Practice and Master of Legal Practice with the Australian National University, Graduate Certificate in Cyber Security with rmit, and Graduate Certificate in Cyber Security with Charles Sturt University. As a space lawyer he has contributed his perspectives on space legal and policy affairs before the UN Office For Outer Space Affairs, International Astronautical Congress, cospar, Australian Institute of International Affairs, Room – The Space Journal, and contributions to Australia’s 2020 Cyber Security Strategy.

Leopold Mantl

is a member of the Legal Service of the European Commission, responsible for budgetary law and financial rules of the EU. He advises the Commission on legal aspects of the multiannual financial framework of the EU and its annual budget, and on financial issues concerning Union spending programmes, including the European Defence Fund and the Union Space Programme. Previously, he was a deputy Head of Unit in dg budget and dg grow of the Commission, where he supervised the development and follow-up of the policy in connection with the legal, financial and institutional management of the EU gnss programmes, negotiated delegation agreements amongst others with the European Space Agency (esa) and managed complex procurement procedures for Galileo and egnos. He also worked on legal aspects of the Copernicus programme of the EU. Before joining the European Commission, he was a lawyer in the Legal Department of esa, where he gave legal and regulatory advice concerning the European launchers and the International Space Station, and in an Italian telecoms company, where he focussed on legal issues concerning satellite communication handsets, including product liability, preparation of distribution contracts and software license contracts, and co-ordination of ipr issues. He is a member of the International Institute of Space Law.

Sjouke Mauw

is full professor in computer science at the University of Luxembourg. He is head of the Department of Computer Science, head of the Security and Trust of Software Systems (SaToSS) research group and faculty member of the Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SnT). Until 2007 he was associate professor in computer science at the Eindhoven University of Technology (Netherlands), with a part time secondment as senior researcher at cwi (Center of Mathematics and Computer Science) in Amsterdam. Sjouke Mauw has performed research in a range of areas, such as visual specification languages, concurrency theory, algebraic specification, term rewriting, domain specific languages, testing, and distributed algorithms. His current research focuses on the application of formal methods in the area of information security. His topics of interest include: security protocols, security assessment, privacy, trust, e-voting, attack trees, network security, distance-bounding, and social networks.

Elina Morozova

is an expert in international space law and policy, management of radio frequency spectrum and satellite orbits, and satellite telecommunications. Ms. Morozova earned two master’s degrees in International Law and World Economy from the All-Russian Academy of Foreign Trade under the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of the Russian Federation and holds an ll.m degree in International Business Law from the University of Manchester. Elina Morozova is Executive Director of the Intersputnik International Organization of Space Communications, an intergovernmental satellite telecommunication organization headquartered in Moscow. At Intersputnik, she is responsible for relations with Member States and the UN system, including the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space and the International Telecommunication Union, and manages the International and Legal Service. She also takes part in the work of the Expert Committee of the cis Interparliamentary Assembly – Regional Commonwealth in the Field of Communications. Ms. Morozova combines her career at Intersputnik with research. She teaches a course on international space law and telecommunications law at St. Petersburg University and participates in the activity of space-related non-profit organizations, including as a member of the Board of Directors of the International Institute of Space Law, Advisory Committee of Secure World Foundation, and Global Future Council on Space of the World Economic Forum. She is Co-Editor and Core Expert of the McGill Manual on International Law Applicable to Military Uses of Outer Space (milamos) and a member of the editorial boards of Acta Astronautica, Annals of Air and Space Law, Space: Science & Technology. She authored or co-authored about forty publications on satellite communication and other aspects of space activities in Russian and English.

Erik Pellander

is a Research Fellow at bho Legal – a boutique technology law firm based in Cologne, Germany, with focus on international, European and national public high-technology programmes in Air, Space, Security and Defense, R&D, Information and Communication Technology and Geospatial sectors. He has more than 10 years of experience in the space sector. Before joining bho Legal in 2011, he was working at the Institute of Air and Space Law, Cologne, as well as at the legal department of the German Space Agency (dlr). Erik supports the bho Legal´s space practice since years in all relevant study and consultancy projects. He studied law at the University of Cologne and was a Scholarship student of the German Academic Exchange Service (daad) at the National Law School of India University in Bangalore. He further is the winner of the 2010 European Regional Round of the Manfred Lachs Space Law Moot Court Competition. Erik is a member of the European Centre for Space Law (ecsl) and authored several publications in the area of space law, international environmental law, as well as international private law.

Aaron Pickard

is a proud member of the Space Generation Advisory Council (sgac) Space & Cybersecurity Project Group, and has contributed to this volume in that capacity. His research interests include the relationship between computing and the commercialization of both near-earth and cislunar space. Aaron also participated in the sgac Mentorship Program in 2020. Aaron works as a Systems Test Engineer at Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems, a Terran Orbital Corporation. He studied computer science at Columbia University and Talmud at the Jewish Theological Seminary, and earned Bachelor of Arts degrees from both institutions in May 2020. In 2019, Aaron interned at OneWeb through the Matthew Isakowitz Fellowship Program; in 2018, he interned at nasa Langley Research Center. Aaron held leadership roles in the Columbia Space Initiative, a chapter of Students for the Exploration and Development of Space (seds). seds USA honored him with the Jeff Bezos Award in 2019. He participated in the Lucy Student Pipeline Accelerator and Competency Enabler (L’SPACE) Mission Concept Academy and nasa Proposal Writing and Evaluation Experience Academy in 2020. He was also a finalist in Revolutionary Aerospace Systems Concepts Academic Linkage in both 2017 and 2018. In his free time, Aaron enjoys cooking, playing Kerbal Space Program, and maintaining a SatNOGS ground station.

Rada Popova

is a graduate of the Law Faculty of the University of Vienna, did her Ph.D. at the University of Cologne and has been a research scholar at the Centre of Excellence at The Hague Academy of International law. Since 2021, she is the General Counsel of Isar Aerospace Technologies, the first fully privately funded developer of launchers in Europe. Previously, Rada worked as a Senior Research Fellow and Lecturer in Law at the University of Cologne. As a lawyer and legal advisor, she has provided expertise in various aerospace-related projects with the European Space Agency, the German Aerospace Center and private industry in Germany, France, Italy and Spain and actively contributes to the work of the International Institute on Space Law and the International Law Association. She has published numerous journal articles and book chapters on the regulation of space activities and regularly lectures in universities in Europe and Asia.

Antonia Russo

is a PhD Candidate in Information Engineering at the University Mediterranea of Reggio Calabria, Italy. In 2018, she obtained her Master’s Degree in Telecommunication Engineering with honours. Her research interests include information security, privacy, and social network analysis. During the last year of her PhD, she has been appointed a Visiting Researcher at the European Space Agency in collaboration with the Radio Navigation Systems and Techniques Section, Directorate of Technology, Engineering and Quality (tec-esn). Since 2020, she has co-led the Space Generation Advisory Council’s Space and Cybersecurity Project Group. In 2021, Antonia won one of the three asi-sgac awards addressed to Italian PhD students allowing her to present her research and the projects she is carrying out during iac2021 and sgc2021. She is part of the Space Newsletter Editorial Staff: an editorial project that encourages interest and passion towards space, especially the next generations. Antonia has been involved in several educational projects, such as Coding Girls and stem2020, to empower young female students and help them pursue a stem career.

Thomas Schaefer

has a background in Business Information Systems and fell in love with cyber security over 15 years ago. Since then, he has been working in various positions in it Audit and Information Security, currently as vp Information Security Management at ses, a globally leading satellite communications provider. Thomas holds a range of Cyber Security certifications and is member of isaca and isc2 associations. He has given guest lectures at universities and talks at various academic and industry conferences on Governance, Risk and Compliance topics. Currently, Thomas is super excited about everything around cloud security and finding innovative ways to manage cyber risk in an ever-changing world.

Simona Spassova

is a lecturer in space and satellite communications law at Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski. She holds a PhD in International Law and her doctoral thesis focused on the problem of harmful interference with satellite communication. It was conducted within the framework of a public private partnership between satellite operator ses and the University of Luxembourg. Her research interests focus on the legal framework of the International Telecommunication Union, Cybersecurity in Space, and Human Rights. Dr. Spassova also holds an ll.m in Financial & Banking Law (University of Luxembourg) and a ma in Human Rights and Democracy (University of Bologna and University of Sarajevo). She is also working as a consultant for the International Finance Corporation (ifc, World Bank Group) in the Transaction Advisory Services Department.

George Tountas

has a background in Computer Science and holds an M.Sc. Information Security from University College London. He has been working on Cyber Security and it Audit for more than 12 years. He is passionate about the topic and loves to collaborate with teams to get the best and most secure solutions. Currently he is a Senior Manager in Information Security Management at ses, a global satellite communication provider. He is cisa and cissp certified and has co-authored a published paper on securing captchas in VoIP protocols.

Laetitia Cesari Zarkan

is a doctoral researcher in Space Law and Cyber Law at the University of Luxembourg. She is also currently working for the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (unidir). Her primary research areas are legal and political issues related to space safety, security, stability and sustainability, as well as cyber security and satellite telecommunication. Laetitia Cesari Zarkan previously worked in the space industry for a satellite operator. She holds a Master 1 in Business law from the University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, a Master 2 in Air and transportation law from the University Toulouse 1 Capitole and a llm in Space, Communications and Media Law from the University of Luxembourg. Laetitia Cesari Zarkan is Director of Programming at the Space Court Foundation, Co-lead of the sgac Space and Cyber security Project Group, Member and Webmaster of the International Institute of Space Law, Member of the Jeunes de l’IHEDN and of the Société française pour le droit international. Laetitia Cesari Zarkan is also Mentor with the unoosa Space4Women Network and with the sgac.

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