Hessam Habibi Doroh
Search for other papers by Hessam Habibi Doroh in
Current site
Google Scholar
Free access

Cover illustration: Makki Mosque and seminary in Zahedan, the largest and one of the most important Sunni institutions in Iran. The photo was made after its renovation by the end of 2021. Photo by Sina Habibi Doroh.

The Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data is available online at

LC record available at

Typeface for the Latin, Greek, and Cyrillic scripts: “Brill”. See and download:

ISSN 1385-3376

ISBN 978-90-04-52142-1 (hardback)

ISBN 978-90-04-54320-1 (e-book)

Copyright 2023 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Koninklijke Brill NV incorporates the imprints Brill, Brill Nijhoff, Brill Hotei, Brill Schöningh, Brill Fink, Brill mentis, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Böhlau, V&R unipress and Wageningen Academic.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, translated, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission from the publisher. Requests for re-use and/or translations must be addressed to Koninklijke Brill NV via or

This book is printed on acid-free paper and produced in a sustainable manner.

  • Collapse
  • Expand