Index of Technical Terms

In: Buddhism in Central Asia I
Open Access

Index of Technical Terms

abbot/abbess (Chin. yuanzhu 院主/sizhu 寺主)  196
Academy of the Sons of the Country (Chin. guozi jian 國子監)  130 139
ācārya (Chin. asheli 阿闍梨)  2627 225
adolescent examinations (Chin. tongzi ke 童子科)  140
An Lushan Rebellion (Chin. An Lusha zhi luan 安祿山之亂)  62 69
Anuttarayogatantra  250251 262 270
art of government (Chin. rushu 儒術)  124125
aśoka tree  202
aṣṭamangala  107
aṣṭa śmaśāna  250
Auspicious Statues (Chin. ruixiang 瑞像)  56 60
avadāna  42 192
banner paintings  9394 9899 110111 122
Berlin Turfan Collection  72 214 222224
bhūmi  190 192
bodhimaṇḍa  194
bodhisattva
b. king  78 89
b. precepts (Chin. pusa jie 菩薩戒)  34 36
B. Son of Heaven (Chin. pusa tianzi 菩薩天子)  138
b.’s staff (Skt. khakkhara)  114 239
books for beginners (Chin. mengshu 蒙書)  123
Brāhmī script  201 209 222 227
Buddhist Canon. See tripiṭaka
caitya  191192 194 241
caityastotra  191
cakravartin  89 2023 2527 3038 7879 82 86 89
category books (Chin. leishu 類書)  123
cave sanctuary  6
Celestial Master Daoism (Chin. tianshidao 天師道)  32
C. Buddhism (Chin. chanzong 禪宗)  231
charisma₂ of the realm of Kočo (OU kočo ulušnuŋ kuṭı kıvı)  192
Chinese School (Chin. hanxue 漢學)  130 143144
Chinese tripiṭaka (Chin. dazang jing 大藏經). See tripiṭaka
Confucianism (Chin. rujia 儒家, Tang. rjijr²mjir² 𗧁𘈑)  10 19 31 35 123126 129­131 134 138 140 143 145147
ḍākinī  155 179
Daoism  15 26 30 32 125­129 138 147
D(a)rmaḍaz (Skt. dharmadāsa, slave of the dharma)  225
dhāraṇī   32 34 255
dharma  2021 2728 50 97 128 131134 136 169 199 201 225
D. and vinaya Master  233 235
D. King (Skt. dharmarāja, Tib. chos kyi rgyal po)  78 270
d. assembly (Chin. fahui 法會)  36 134
divine city (OU t(ä)ŋri balık)  197
donor portrait  42 79 92 94 99100 107109 114 116117 209 254
Drigung Kagyü School (Tib. ’bri gung bka’ brgyud pa)  270
Drukpa Kagyü School (Tib. ’brug pa bka’ brgyud pa)  11 156 185
Eight Auspicious Symbols (Skt. aṣṭamangala). See aṣṭamangala
Eight Cemeteries (Skt. aṣṭa śmaśāna). See aṣṭa śmaśāna
Eight Protectors (Kh. hastä parvālā, Tib. srungs ma chen po brgyad)  5456 60
Eight Victorious Levels (Chin. bashengchu 八勝處)  97
Emperor Promoting Culture (Chin. wenxuan di 文宣帝)  141
Esoteric Buddhism  xix 9 91 93 95 98 104105 111113 116 120122 131
families of adepts (Skt. kula). See kula
famous scholars (Chin. mingru 名儒)  141
Five Buddha Crowns  105
Five [Confucian] Virtues (Chin. wude 五德)  102
Five Elements (Chin. wuxing 五行)  142
forbearance (Chin. ren 忍)  25
Four Heavenly Kings (Chin. siwang 四王)  108
Four Noble Truths (Chin. sidi 四諦)  218
Four Offering Bodhisattvas  107
ğihād  85
gods of the land (Chin. sheji 社稷)  102
Governor (Chin. jiedu 節度)  7879 82 84 96
gradual dharma methods (Chin. dunjian famen 頓漸法門)  97
Great Xia (Chin. Daxia 大夏). See Index of Dynasties, Kingdoms, and Empires: Tangut Empire.
Hanlin Academy (Chin. hanlin xueshi yuan 翰林學士院)  130 140 147
hastä parvālā (Kh. Eight Protectors)  54
having come down from the Tuṣita [Heaven] (OU tužittin inmiš)  88
Heaven (Chin. tian 天, OT täŋri)  63­64 66 72 102 136 141142 195 197
heavenly Charisma (OT kut)  63 65
Heavenly Consort (Chin. 天皇后)  116
Holy
H. Charisma (OT idok kut)  194
h. place₂ (OU kutlug yer oron)  191
Humanity (Chin. ren 仁)  25
Huayan Buddhism (Chin. 華嚴)  24 239
iconographic programme  231 251
ıdok kut  68 8788 194195 181
idol worshippers (Arab. al-mušrikūn)  85
Indian  19 21­­­22 24 53 131 133 152 159 257
Buddho-I. topography  238
I. art  155
I. Himalayas  10 151 158164 183
I. sacred geography  250
Tantric pīṭha sites  250
Inner
I. Academy (Chin. neixue 內學)  140
I. Tantras  250. See also Outer Ta
Imperial
I. Academy (Chin. taixue 太學)  140141 143 145
I. Preceptor (Chin. dishi 帝師)  86 129 147 248249 261 267 269
Jambudvīpa  31
Jātaka  42
Kagyü School (Tib. bka’ brgyud pa)  11 156 185 249
Kalpa  97 103104
Karabalgasun Inscription  62 65 196
karma  136
Karunadaz (Skt. karuṇādāsa, slave of karuṇā)  225 227
khakkhara  114
Kharoṣṭhī  214
King (Chin. wang 王)
K. of Khotan (Chin. Yutian wang 於闐王)  45 49 53 56 60 116 239
kula  107
kuṭāgaras  203
lakṣaṇa  203
Law
L. of the Buddha (Tang. tha tsji̱r 𗢳𗹙)  128­129
L. of the Kings (Tang. njij tsji̱r 𘟙𗹙)  129 138
mahāsiddha  184
Mahāyāna Buddhims  9 23 52 5455 132 172 182 245 249
Mahāyoga  159
maṇḍala  24 104105 107 179 184 187 203 250 257
Amoghapāśa m.  104106
Uṣṇīṣavijayā m.  255257 259260 270
Vajradhātu m.  122
meditation  33 162 164 182 199 212 250
m. caves (Chin. chanku 禪窟)  172
m. deity (Tib. yi dam)  116
m. place  187
m. posture  261
Tantric m.  159
merit (OU buyan, Skt. puṇya)  68 83 87 97 102 111 170 195 208 210­212 225
monk. See bhikṣu
monkey-traveller (Chin. hou xingzhe 猴行者)  232
Moon (OT ay)  6566
mūlamātṛkā  127
mušrik pl. mušrikūn  85
nāga  168 240
n. king (Skt. nāgarāja)  51 55
poisonous n. (Chin. dulong 毒龍)  241
N. Vāsuki  198
Ngwemi (Tang. ŋwe² mji¹ 𗼨𗆟, Chin. Weiming 嵬名) clan, Tangut royal clan  125 139140
nirvāṇa  97 136 191
non-Chinese (Chin. fan 番)  77 135
nun (Chin. ni 尼). See bhikṣuṇī
Nyingma School (Tib. rnying ma pa)  10 169
ödik, register, memorandum, memoir  208
Office for the Translation of Buddhist Scriptures (Chin. yijing yuan 譯經院) (982–1082)  7 132 247
Old Uyghur
O.U. Annals  81 8788
O.U. colophons  83 207208
O.U. eulogies  80
O.U. inscription/text  11 87 90 189 191194 203211 217 219229
O.U. Xuanzang biography  206
Outer Tantras  250. See also I
periphery  1011 152 172 200 230 239 250 254 269
pilgrimage to Mt. Wutai (OU udai šan). See Index of Places: Mt. Wutai
pīṭha  183 250
poisonous nāgas (Chin. dulong 毒龍). See nāga
prayer texts (Chin. yuanwen 願文)  8283 120
Prince of Chu (Chin. Chu wang 楚王)  143
royal position (Skt. lalitāsana)  164
Runic script  63
sacred space  vii xi 13 67 1012 189193 198 202203 231 242244 259 270
Tantric s.s.  12 244 259 270
śaiva  156 159 183
samaya (Chin. sanmoye 三摩耶, Tib. dam tshig)  120
saṃgha  20 22 25 2930 38 146 174175 192
S. Overseer (Chin. sengtong 僧統)  iv
saṃsāra  225
scholarly (or sectarian) affiliations (Chin. zong 宗)  124
scriptural tableaux (Chin. jingxiang 經相)  99
second diffusion of Buddhism (Tib. phyi dar)  161 173174 184 187
Secular Books (Tang. mur¹·jwɨr² 𗪙𘝞), ‘secular literature’ (Chin. sushu 俗書)  123124 127
senior monk/nun (Chin. falü 法律). See bhikṣu and bhikṣuṇī
seven–seven-type of ceremony/rite (Chin. qiqi zhai 七七齋)  119
Shiwang (獅王)  141 236
Shingon (真言)  24
Siddhaṃ script  257
Sivšidu-Yakšidu manuscripts  218
Six Destinies (Chin. liudao, 六道)  102
Subhūmi  192
sutra  22 27 30 3435 131­133 235236
apocryphal s.  25
Great collection of sutras  132
printing of s.  248
s. storage  211
teaching of the s.  127
Sun (OT kün)  65
Son of Heaven (Chin. tianzi 天子, Tang. tshjɨ¹tsjij²mə¹zjɨ̣¹ 𘋢𗥤𗹦𗼓)  138
spiritual advisor (Skt. kalyāṇamitra, Chin. shanzhishi 善知識)  238
śramaṇa  45 55
State Academy (Chin. guoxue 國學)  140
State Preceptor (Chin. guoshi 國師)  35 255 261
stupa  11 51 130131 180181 211 217220 225 228 246 249250 255 257
circumambulation of a s.  218
restoration of the s.  131
womb of the s.  255
Svayaṃbhū-caitya  241
Tangut
T. Buddhist Canon. See tripiṭaka
T. Law Code  124 248
T. School (Chin. fanxue 番學)   130 144
täŋri  63 6668 199
Tantric
T. Buddhism  xix 12 116 159 169 183 242 244246 249 251257 267
T. crown  257
T. master  159 169 187 249
T. meditation  159 169
T. literature  203 244
T. practices and teachings  159 249
T. rituals  161
T. sacred space. See sacred space
T. staff (Skt. khaṭvāṅga)  164
T. transmission   245246 250
T. visual images and art  246 250251 254
T. yogi  162 164 250
tathāgata (Chin. rulai 如來)  120 136
teaching (Chin. jiao 教)  128
T. of Humanity (Tang. dźjwu¹tsji̱r¹ 𗸯𗹙)  124
T. of Laojun (老君, Tang. nar² go̱r² 𘒺𗾖)  128
T. of the Immortals (Tang. śji²tśhji² 𘑘𗹙)  127
T. of the sūtras (Tang. lwər²rejr² 𗖰𗚩). See sūtra
Ten Kings of the Netherworld (Chin. shidian yanluo 十殿閻羅)  114 117
Ten Uyghurs (OU on uygur)  84 201202
Thangka  246 260266 269
thin (OT yuyka)  196
Three Evil Destinies (Chin. sanmie 三滅)  119
Three Poisonous Roots (Chin. sandu gen 三毒根)  97
Three Teachings (Chin. sanjiao 三教)  125126 129
Three Upright Things (Chin. sanduan 三端)  102
time of fragmentation (Tib. sil bu’i dus)  161. See also seco
Trāyastriṃśa Heaven  192
tripiṭaka  231234
Chinese t.  7 139 247
Korean t.  8 35 39
Tangut t.  7 132 134 138 247248
Tuṣita Heaven (OU tužit)  200
Uyghur script  201 206207 227
vajra  105 107 116 164
v. body (Skt. vajrakāya)  157 250
vihāra  4951 210 219­221
vīra  203
vyākaraṇa  192
wall paintings  67 45 5759 7677 83 93 95 99 104105 108 112 116 154 163 170 186 201 204205 212213
Way of Sage (Tang. śjɨj² tśja¹ 𗼃𗵘, Chin. shengdao 聖道)  127
Wheel-Turning King (Skt. cakravartin, Chin. zhuanlun wang 轉輪王). See cakravartin
Will of Heaven (Tang. ŋwər zew 𘓺𘒫)  141
yakṣa  50
yogi  11 152 162 164 182186
yoginī  203
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