The Principal Pauline Epistles: A Collation of Old Latin Witnesses


The earliest Latin versions of the writings of the New Testament offer important insights into the oldest forms of the biblical text, the use of language in the ancient Church and the foundations from which Christian theology developed in the West.
This volume presents a collation of Old Latin evidence for the four principal Pauline Epistles (Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians and Galatians). The sources comprise twenty-six Vetus Latina manuscripts, ten commentaries written between the fourth and sixth centuries and four early testimonia collections. Their text differs in many ways from the standard Vulgate version.
Created using innovative digital editing tools, this collation makes this valuable data available for the first time and is complemented by full electronic transcriptions online.
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H.A.G. Houghton, Ph.D. (2006), University of Birmingham, is Professor of New Testament Textual Scholarship and Director of the Institute for Textual Scholarship and Electronic Editing at Birmingham. He was Principal Investigator of the European Research Council COMPAUL project (2011–16).
C.M. Kreinecker (Dr. theol. 2007, Dr. phil. 2010, Universität Salzburg), R.F. MacLachlan (Ph.D. 2006, University of Cambridge) and C.J. Smith (Ph.D. 2005, University of Birmingham) were postdoctoral researchers on the European Research Council COMPAUL project at the University of Birmingham.
'Houghton, Kreinecker, MacLachlan, and Smith deal proficiently with a crucial desideratum in New Testament textual criticism. The Principal Pauline Epistles allows for convenient access to the Old Latin tradition of Paul's major epistles. Thus, the book is a must use tool for any scholar who delves into this field.' - Kevin Künzl, in: Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2019 (

'The editors have certainly offered a vital service to the philology of the Latin Bible and a model for how technology can be used to further the cause rather than rendering it yet more opaque.' - Daniël King, RBL, 2020
Scholars of the New Testament text, the development of Christian theology, the history of the Latin language, translation studies. An important reference work for research institutes and academic libraries.
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