Atlas of Religion in China: Social and Geographical Contexts

The speed and the scale with which traditional religions in China have been revived and new spiritual movements have emerged in recent decades make it difficult for scholars to stay up-to-date on the religious transformations within Chinese society.

This unique atlas presents a bird’s-eye view of the religious landscape in China today. In more than 150 full-color maps and six different case studies, it maps the officially registered venues of China’s major religions - Buddhism, Christianity (Protestant and Catholic), Daoism, and Islam - at the national, provincial, and county levels. The atlas also outlines the contours of Confucianism, folk religion, and the Mao cult. Further, it describes the main organizations, beliefs, and rituals of China’s main religions, as well as the social and demographic characteristics of their respective believers. Putting multiple religions side by side in their contexts, this atlas deploys the latest qualitative, quantitative and spatial data acquired from censuses, surveys, and fieldwork to offer a definitive overview of religion in contemporary China.

An essential resource for all scholars and students of religion and society in China.
Open Access
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Fenggang Yang, Ph.D. (1997) from the Catholic University of America, is Professor of Sociology and Founding Director of the Center on Religion and Chinese Society at Purdue University. He is the author of Religion in China: Survival and Revival under Communist Rule (2012) and Editor-in-Chief of Review of Religion and Chinese Society (Brill). He was the president of the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion (2014-15).
“In the best tradition of the genre, this splendid Atlas of Religion in China reveals patterns—and prompts questions—about a world we have known only incompletely. Scholars will mine its insights for a long time, and anyone with an interest in modern China will find this book invaluable.”
- David Bodenhamer, The Polis Center, IUPUI

“This is the most sophisticated and comprehensive mapping ever of the official statistics for recognized religious institutions in China today. It provides a spatial analysis of religious activity that is many times greater than official statistics suggest.”
- Peter K. Bol, Harvard University

Nowhere has there been such a comprehensive mapping of religions at the national, provincial and county levels in contemporary China. An extremely valuable addition to the literature, with beautiful maps that bring to life the religious landscape in contemporary China. A treasure for the library!"
- Lily Kong, Singapore Management University

"Een atlas staat meestal niet op het lijstje van missiologen, maar dit boek is zeker aan te bevelen (...) Al met al geeft dit mooie boek een indrukwekkend beeld van de diversiteit van de religies en een bijzondere inkijk in de terugkeer van het religieuze leven in China".
- Bas Plaisir, TussenRuimte 2019, 3.
List of Figures
List of Photos
List of Maps

The Three Markets of Religions in China

The Red Market: Legal Religions

The Gray Market: Semi-Legal Religions
 Folk Religion
 House Churches
 Underground Catholic Churches
 Mao Cult

The Black Market: Illegal Religions
 The Shouters (Huhan pai 呼喊派)
 All Scope Church (Quanfanwei jiaohui 全范围教会)
 Church of the Almighty God (Quannengshen jiaohui 全能神教会)
 Eastern Lightning (Dongfang shandian 东方闪电)
 Cold Water Sect (Lengshui jiao 冷水教)
 Dami Evangelism Association (Dami xuanjiaohui 达米宣教会)
 Disciples Sect (Mentu hui 门徒会)
 Narrow Gate in the Wilderness (Kuangye zhaimen 旷野窄门)
 Established King (Beili Wang 被立王)
 Falun Gong (法轮功)
 Guanyin Method (Guanyin famen 观音法门)
 Lingling Sect (Lingling jiao 灵灵教)
 Lord God Sect (Zhushen jiao 主神教)
 New Testament Church (Xinyue jiaohui 新约教会)
 Three Ranks of Servants (Sanban puren pai 三班仆人派)
 True Buddha Sect (Zhen fo zong 真佛宗)
 World Elijah Association (Shijie yiliya fuyin xuanjiaohui 世界以利亚福音宣 教会)
 Yiguandao (一贯道)


North China 华北地区
 [1] Beijing 北京
 [2] Tianjin 天津
 [3] Hebei 河北
 [4] Shanxi 山西
 [5] Inner Mongolia 內蒙古

Northeast China 东北地区
 [6] Liaoning 辽宁
 [7] Jilin 吉林
 [8] Heilongjiang 黑龙江

East China 华东地区
 [9] Shanghai 上海
 [10] Jiangsu 江苏
 [11] Zhejiang 浙江
 [12] Anhui 安徽
 [13] Fujian 福建
 [14] Jiangxi 江西
 [15] Shandong 山东

South-Central China 中南地区
 [16] Henan 河南
 [17] Hubei 湖北
 [18] Hunan 湖南
 [19] Guangdong 广东
 [20] Guangxi 广西
 [21] Hainan 海南

Southwest China 西南地区
 [22] Chongqing 重庆
 [23] Sichuan 四川
 [24] Guizhou 贵州
 [25] Yunnan 云南
 [26] Xizang 西藏 (Tibet)

Northwest China 西北地区
 [27] Shaanxi 陕西
 [28] Gansu 甘肃
 [29] Qinghai 青海
 [30] Ningxia 宁夏
 [31] Xinjiang 新疆

All people interested in religion in China; academic libraries; research institutes on China.
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