Governing the Galleys: Jurisdiction, Justice, and Trade in the Squadrons of the Hispanic Monarchy (Sixteenth-Seventeenth Centuries)


The development of the Spanish Navy in the early modern Mediterranean triggered a change in the balance of political and economic power for the coastal populations of the Hispanic Monarchy. The establishment of new permanent squadrons, endowed with very broad jurisdictional powers, was the cause of many conflicts with the local authorities and had a direct influence on the economic and production activities of the region. Manuel Lomas analyzes the progressive consolidation of these institutions in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, their influence on the mechanisms of justice and commerce, and how they contributed to the reconfiguration of the jurisdictional system that governed the maritime trade in the Mediterranean.
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Manuel Lomas, Ph.D. (2009), Universitat de València, is Professor of Early Modern History at that university. His research focuses on the policy of the Hispanic Monarchy towards minorities. He is the author of El proceso de expulsión de los moriscos de España (PUV, 2011).
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1 Galleys on the Coast!
 1 The Jurisdiction of the Galleys
  1.1 Continuity and Change under the Catholic Monarchs
  1.2 Culmination of the Process: from Andrea Doria to Don John of Austria
  1.3 The System in Its Maturity: from the Conquest of Portugal to the Thirty Years’ War
 2 Galleys and Ports: Profiles of a Complex Relationship
  2.1 The Galleys: a Vehicle for Concord
  2.2 “That Is Spain’s Flagship, and This Is the Pope’s Fortress”
  2.3 Soldiers, Sailors, and Townspeople
 3 Between Naval Tradition and Military Innovation
  3.1 Galley Ordinances and Corsair Customs
  3.2 Convergence with the Tradition of Military Privileges
  3.3 Roman Law and Experience: the Introduction of Auditores into the Galleys
  3.4 The Galleys’ Jurisdictional Supremacy

2 Captures, Commerce, and Corruption
 1 Prizes, Embargoes, and the Audiencia de las Galeras
  1.1 Ship Capture and Its Benefits to Crews
  1.2 Acquisition of Slaves
  1.3 The Audiencia de las Galeras and Embargoes
 2 Cross-Cultural Trade and Control of Smuggling
  2.1 Between Religious War and Collaboration: the Action of Tunis, 1609
  2.2 Profiles of a Cross-Cultural Trade: Ransoms
  2.3 Purchase of North African Wheat and Control of Maritime Trade
 3 Legitimate Trade and Fraud in the Galleys
  3.1 Smuggling in the Galleys
  3.2 The Visit of 1591
  3.3 The Galleys of Spain and El Puerto de Santa María

3 Resistance, Consensus, and Solidarity
 1 Escapes and Mutinies
  1.1 Escapees
  1.2 Mutineers
 2 Internal Justice, Mercy, and Solidarity in the Galleys
  2.1 The Captain General’s Mediation and Mercy
  2.2 Auditores, Inspectors, and Other Officials
  2.3 Solidarity among Soldiers, Sailors, and Rowers
 3 Religious Belief
  3.1 Catholic Belief
  3.2 Vice among the Crews
  3.3 Captains General and the Inquisition


All interested in the maritime history of Spain, the history of the galleys, the history of warfare, jurisdictional systems, and the history of the early modern Mediterranean.
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