The Early Reception and Appropriation of the Apostle Peter (60-800 CE)

The Anchors of the Fisherman


Volume Editor:
The apostle Peter gradually became one of the most famous figures of the ancient world. His almost undisputed reputation made the disciple an exquisite anchor by which new practices within and outside the Church could be established, including innovations in fields as diverse as architecture, art, cult, epigraphy, liturgy, poetry and politics. This interdisciplinary volume inquires the way in which the figure of Peter functioned as an anchor for various people from different periods and geographical areas. The concept of Anchoring Innovation is used to investigate the history of the reception of the apostle Peter from the first century up to Charlemagne, revealing as much about Peter as about the context in which this reception took place.
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Roald Dijkstra, Ph.D. (2014), Radboud University Nijmegen, is postdoctoral assistant at KU Leuven. He co-authored Peter in Rome about the early Roman reception of the apostle (Garant, 2019) and published The Apostles in Early Christian Art and Poetry (Brill, 2016).

Contributors are: Régis Burnet, John R. Curran, Roald Dijkstra, Jutta Dresken-Weiland, Kristina Friedrichs, Olivier Hekster, Annewies van den Hoek, Mark Humphries, Markus Löx, Thomas F. X. Noble, Els Rose, Carl P. E. Springer, Alan Thacker.
"(...) this volume does make important historiographical contributions about the development of religious figures in a changing urban and political environment. The conceptual basis of anchoring can serve well as a model for studies ranging from the reception of religious texts to the developing role(s) of institutions in urban life and the Anchoring Innovation series seems poised to produce volumes of equal historiographical importance." - Andrew Steck, in: BMCR 2021.10.55
"'Les exposés sont clairs et précis, et ... on ressort convaincu de la majorité des raisonnement exposés. La plupart des auteurs inscrivent leur discours et positionnent leurs idées par rapport à l’idée directrice de l’ouvrage, celle d’« Anchoring Innovation ». Il en résulte un très bel aperçu de la construction de la figure de Pierre et des mécanismes d’ancrage dans l’Antiquité (tardive) qui y sont liés." - Charles Wastiau, in: Anabases 2022
Ineke Sluiter

Roald Dijkstra

List of Illustrations

part 1: Anchoring the Apostle: the Volume and Its Concept

1 Peter, Popes, Politics and More: the Apostle as Anchor
Roald Dijkstra

2 Ruling through Religion? Innovation and Tradition in Roman Imperial Representation
Olivier Hekster

part 2: Anchoring the Authority of Peter

3 From Petrus to Pontifex Maximus
John R. Curran

4 The Multiple Meanings of Papal Inscriptions in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages
Thomas F. X. Noble

5 Attitudes to Jewish and Roman Power in the Gospel and Acts of Peter
Markus Bockmuehl

6 Peter, the Visionary before the Pope: Early Receptions of the Apostle in Marginal Communities
Régis Burnet

part 3: Anchoring Peter in Art and Poetry

7 The Role of Peter in Early Christian Art: Images from the 4th to the 6th Century
Jutta Dresken-Weiland

8 The Death of Peter: Anchoring an Image in the Context of Late Antique Representations of Martyrdom
Markus Löx

9 Romulus and Peter: Remembering and Reconfiguring Rome’s Foundation in Late Antiquity
Mark Humphries

10 Sedulius’ Peter: Intention and Authority in the Paschale carmen
Carl P. E. Springer

part 4: Anchoring the Cult of Peter

11 Peter without Paul: Aspects of the Primordial Role of Simon Peter in an Early Christian Context
Annewies van den Hoek

12 The Architectural Appropriation of the Apostle Peter by the Early Christian Popes
Kristina Friedrichs

13 The Cult of Peter and the Development of Martyr Cult in Rome. The Origins of the Presentation of Peter and Paul as Martyrs
Alan Thacker

14 Anchoring the Rock: the Latin Liturgical Cult of Peter in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages
Els Rose

General Bibliography
Index locorum
General Index
All interested in the art, culture, epigraphy, literature and politics of early Christianity/late antiquity and the reception of the figure of the apostle Peter in those areas.
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