Handbook of Islamic Sects and Movements


The Handbook of Islamic Sects and Movements offers a multinational study of Islam, its variants, influences, and neighbouring movements, from a multidisciplinary range of scholars. These chapters highlight the diversity of Islam, especially in its contemporary manifestations, as a religion of many communities, theologies, and ideologies. Over five sections—on Sunni, Shia, Sufi, fundamentalist, and fringe Islamic movements—the authors provide historical overviews, analyses, and in-depth studies of large and small Islamic and related groups from all around the world. The contents of this volume will be of interest to both newcomers to the study of Islam and established scholars of religion who wish to engage with the dynamic label of Islam and the many impactful movements of the Islamic world.
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Muhammad Afzal Upal, PhD (Computer Science, University of Alberta, 1999), is Professor at the University of Wisconsin, Platteville, USA, and researches cognitive science of religion. He is author of Moderate Fundamentalists: Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at in the Lens of Cognitive Science of Religion (De Gruyter Open, 2017).
Carole M. Cusack, PhD (Studies in Religion, University of Sydney, 1996), is Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Sydney, Australia, and researches contemporary religious trends and new religious movements. She is author of Invented Religions: Imagination, Fiction and Faith (Ashgate, 2010).

Contributors are: Fathie A. Abdat, Kaarina Aitamurto, Meerim Aitkulova, Victoria Arakelova, Jon Armajani, Shaul Bartal, Jonah Blank, Steven J. Childs, Edward E. Curtis iv, Carole M. Cusack, Farhad Daftary, Marta Dominguez Diaz, William Rory Dickson, Mohammad Fazlhashemi, Ron Geaves, Antoon Geels, Najam Haider, Benson Ohihon Igboin, Hisanori Kato, Rickard Lagervall, Milad Milani, Eva Nisa, Lillith Osborn, Susan J. Palmer, Zacharias P. Pieri, Emin Poljarevic, Faried F. Saenong, Yvette Talhamy, Caroline Tee, David Thurfjell, Hussam S. Timani, Muhammad Afzal Upal, and Joas Wagemakers.
Notes on Contributors

Introduction: Islamic Sects and Movements
Carole M. Cusack and M. Afzal Upal

Part 1: Sunnī Traditions

Introduction to Part 1

1 Sectarianism in Sunnī Islam
Ronald Geaves

2 Tablīghī Jamāʿat
Zacharias Pieri

3 The Muslim Brotherhood
Rickard Lagervall

4 The Gülen Movement: Between Turkey and International Exile
Caroline Tee

5 The Islam Nusantara Movement in Indonesia
Hisanori Kato

6 Nahdlatul Ulama (NU): A Grassroots Movement Advocating Moderate Islam
Faried F. Saenong

7 Women and Islamic Movements
Eva Nisa

Part 2: Shīʿa Traditions

Introduction to Part 2

8 Imāmiyya Shīʿa (The Twelvers)
Mohammad Fazlhashemi

9 Zaydism
Najam Haider

10 The Ismāʿīlīs and Their Traditions
Farhad Daftary

11 The Dāʾūdī Bohras (Mustaʿlī Ismāʿīlī Shīʿa)
Using Modernity to Institutionalise a Fāṭimid Tradition
Jonah Blank

12 The Alevīs and ʿAlawīs
Yvette Talhamy

13 The Heyʾati Movement
Charismatic Preachers, Politics and Youth Culture
David Thurfjell

Part 3: Fundamentalisms and Extremists

Introduction to Part 3

14 The Citadel of Salafism
Joas Wagemakers

15 The Taliban
Jon Armajani

16 Ḥamās: The Islamic Resistance Movement
Shaul Bartal

17 Hizb ut-Tahrir: Dreaming of Caliphate
Meerim Aitkulova

18 Ungoverned or Alternatively Governed Spaces in North-Eastern Nigeria
A Critical Exploration of Boko Haram’s Ideological Motif
Benson O. Igboin

19 From Identity to Militancy: The Shīʿa of Hezbollah
Steven Childs

20 The Faizrakhmanisty: The Islamic Sect as a Social Problem in Russia
Kaarina Aitamurto

21 Theology of Violence-oriented Takfirism as a Political Theory: The Case of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS)
Emin Poljarevic

Part 4: Ṣūfism and Its Influences

Introduction to Part 4

22 Ṣūfism
Marta Dominguez Diaz

23 Javād Nūrbakhsh and the Niʿmatullāhī ‘Khaniqahi’ Order
Milad Milani

24 Subud: An Indonesian Interpretation of Ṣūfism
Antoon Geels

25 René Guénon and Traditionalism
William Rory Dickson

26 Ṣūfism and the Gurdjieff ‘Work’: A Contested Relationship
Carole M. Cusack

Part 5: In Between and on the Fringes of Islam

Introduction to Part 5

27 The Cultural Genetics of the Aḥmadiyya Muslim Jamāʿat
M. Afzal Upal

28 The Nation of Islam
Edward E. Curtis IV

29 The Moorish Science Temple of America
Fathie Ali Abdat

30 The Ansaaru Allah Community
Susan J. Palmer

31 The Druze
Hussam S. Timani

32 Yezidism
Victoria Arakelova

33 The Bahāʾī Faith
Lil Osborn

This book will be of interest to students of varying levels as well as scholars of differing disciplinary backgrounds who wish to learn more about the numerous religious, political, global, and communal movements that come under the umbrella of Islam.
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