A Handbook of the Aramaic Scrolls from the Qumran Caves

Manuscripts, Language, and Scribal Practices


This book provides the first comprehensive treatment of the Aramaic Dead Sea Scrolls from the caves of Qumran. These nearly one hundred scrolls open a window onto a vibrant period of Jewish history for which we previously had few historical sources. Scholars and advanced students will find a general introduction to the corpus, detailed, richly-illustrated profiles of individual scrolls, and up-to-date studies of their Aramaic language and scribal practices. The goal of the book is to foster and support further study of these scrolls against the historical backdrop of early Judaism and ancient Mediterranean scribal cultures.
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Daniel Machiela, Ph.D. (2007), University of Notre Dame, is Associate Professor at that University. He specializes in ancient Judaism and earliest Christianity, with emphases on biblical interpretation and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Previous publications include The Dead Sea Genesis Apocryphon (Brill, 2009).
List of Figures, Tables, and Charts

1 Introduction: The Aramaic Scrolls from the Qumran Caves and the Parameters of this Study
 1 The Current State of Research: The Aramaic Scrolls in the Context of Qumran and Second Temple Judaism
 2 Delineating the Corpus
 3 Introduction to the Manuscripts Profiles

2 Manuscript Profiles
 1 From Enoch through Abram
 2 From Jacob through Aaron and His Family
 3 The Assyrian to Persian Exiles
 4 Translations or Possible Translations
 5 Miscellaneous Texts

3 Language
 1 Yehezkel Kutscher and the Typological Method of Dating Aramaic Texts
 2 Responses to the Typological Method
 3 Scribal Preferences and Textual Transmission I: The Evidence for Scribal Change
 4 Scribal Preferences and Textual Transmission II: Archaisms, Archaizing, and Lessons from Elephantine and Arsacid Elymais
 5 A Descriptive Overview of Qumran Aramaic with Reference to Bordering Aramaic Dialects
 6 Biblical Aramaic, Qumran Aramaic, and the Problem of Terminology
 7 Summary and Conclusions: Early Jewish Literary Aramaic (EJLA)

4 Manuscript Features and Scribal Practices
 1 Introduction: The Historical Context of Manuscript Production and Scribal Practice at Qumran
 2 Manuscript Features
 3 Scribal Habits
 4 Concluding Observations

Index of Ancient Sources
Index of Modern Authors
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