This volume chronicles Jesuit efforts to engage with Muslim populations in Christian Europe, such as the Moriscos, as well as the work of Jesuit missionaries in Muslim territory, such as Constantinople. It provides insights into the activities of the Society of Jesus along the eastern frontier of the Ottoman Empire, and tracks the careers of individual Jesuits such as Tomás de León and Antonio Possevino. These influential Jesuits devoted much of their lives to addressing the claims of Islam and the pressures applied on Christian Europe by Muslim polities. Some lesser-known Jesuits, such as the translator Ignazio Lomellini, are also profiled.
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Emanuele Colombo, Ph.D. (2006, University of Milan and Padova) is Professor of Catholic Studies at DePaul University, Chicago. He has published books and articles on Jesuit history. He is the executive editor of the Journal of Jesuit Studies.

Paul Shore received his Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1986. He was adjunct professor at two Canadian universities and a life member of Wolfson College, Cambridge. His publications include Narratives of Adversity and The Eagle and the Cross: Jesuits in Baroque Prague. He died in February 2023.
Preliminary Note
1 An Encounter on the Road
2 Ignatius of Loyola and Islam
 2.1 Ignatius before the Society: From Pedrola to the Holy Land (1521–40)
 2.2 Ignatius and the Society: Fighting Islam, Converting Muslims (1541–56)
 2.3 Spiritual Exercises for Muslim
 2.4 Conclusion
3 A Morisco Jesuit: Ignacio de las Casas
 3.1 The Moriscos of Spain
 3.2 Joining the Jesuits
 3.3 The Critical Scholar
 3.4 De las Casas’s Approach to Morisco Culture
 3.5 Two Sincerely Held Identities
4 Between War and Accommodation: Antonio Possevino
 4.1 The Society of Jesus and New Christians
 4.2 Antonio Possevino
 4.3 Fighting Muslims
 4.4 Missionary Enterprise
 4.5 Islam and Muslims in the Bibliotheca selecta
 4.6 Conclusion
5 Jesuits and Islam in Seventeenth-Century Western Europe
 5.1 Jesuit Polemical Views
 5.2 Islam in a Divided West: Competing Christian Views
 5.3 Fluctuating Views of Islam
6 Converting Muslim Slaves: The Jesuit Missionary Approach
 6.1 Muslim Slaves in Naples and Spain
 6.2 Missionary Methods
 6.3 Adaptation
 6.4 Conversions
 6.5 Other Indies
7 Polemics along the Frontier: Péter Pázmány and István Szántó
 7.1 Péter Pázmány
 7.2 István Szántó
8 Two Jesuit Outposts and the Islamic World: Constantinople and Malta
 8.1 Constantinople
 8.2 Malta and Beyond
9 Two Jesuit Scholars and Arabic Studies: Ignazio Lomellini and Tomás de León
 9.1 Ignazio Lomellini: One Jesuit’s Engagement with the Qurʾan
 9.2 Serious Searcher for Remote Knowledge: Tomás de León
10 Conclusion: Underground River
All interested in the history of interactions between Christians and Muslims (in particular, Moriscos), and the history of the Jesuits in the Eastern hemisphere. Keywords: Constantinople, conversion strategy, Islam, Jesuits, Malta, Muslim, Morisco, Qur’an, Society of Jesus.
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