Does the UN Model Still Work? Challenges and Prospects for the Future of Multilateralism

Composed of original articles from academics and policy notes from practitioners, this book attempts to draw up the state of multilateralism through the UN model and identify potential ways to address its challenges and shortcomings. The contributors question the role of multilateralism, sometimes accused of being fragmented, inefficient and unrepresentative, and its impact on global governance, democracy, trade and investment, the environment, and human rights. Since most of the authors are not from the UN system, the content of the contributions provides an external and more neutral assessment of the UN’s ability to continue to function today as a serious actor within a global movement in favor of a renewed form of multilateralism.

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Kim Fontaine-Skronski, Ph.D. (2017), Université Laval (Canada) is Executive Director of the International Political Science Association (IPSA) and Affiliated Assistant Professor at Concordia University. In 2015, she co-edited a book on the structural changes of global governance in the 21st century. She served as a board member on the United Nations Association in Canada (UNAC) Greater Montreal branch (2016-2022).

Valériane Thool, Ph.D. student, Université du Québec à Montréal (Canada), is Lecturer in International Law at Université de Sherbrooke. In 2022, she co-authored a chapter on The European carbon border adjustment mechanism: Does it pass the test of the WTO law? Involved in the internationalist community, she has judged several international law moot court competitions and is a board member of the Francophone Network of International Law.

Norbert Eschborn, Ph.D. (1993), Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (Germany), is Director of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation (KAS) in Canada since 2019. His publications include articles and books on development strategies of ASEAN countries, EU-ASEAN relations, and the political and legal reform processes in Thailand and Indonesia. He began his career as a journalist and later became a researcher at the Institute of Political Science of the Johannes Gutenberg University (Germany).
Acknowledgments IX
List of Figures and Tables X
Abbreviations XI
Notes on ContributorsV

Part 1: Special Contribution

1 Post-Bipolar Challenges to Multilateralism
Bertrand Badie

Part 2: Global Governance, New Actors and Challenges to Multilateralism

2 Is Classic Multilateralism Outdated? The Case of the UN
Marcello Scarone

3 Geopolitical Shifts: Issues and Challenges for the Arctic Region
Lutz Feldt

4 New Multilateralism: The United Nations and Governance in the Era of Nonstate Actors
Elizabeth A. Bloodgood

5 Inclusive Multilateralism: Cities Take a Seat at the Table
Henri-Paul Normandin

Part 3: Threats to Democracy Undermining the Multilateral System

6 Democratic Erosion and Multilateralism:When Authoritarian Leaders Challenge the Liberal International Order
Marianne Kneuer

Part 4: International Multilateral Trade Governance

7 Multilateralism, Interdependence and Globalization
Michèle Rioux

8 The Gradual and Uneven Consolidation of an International Investment Protection Regime Decoupled from Multilateral Economic Organizations
María Teresa Gutiérrez Haces

9 Reframing the International Trade and Investment Framework to Meet the Challenges of the 21st Century
Mehdi Abbas

Part 5: Environmental Governance and the Climate Challenge

10 A New Climate Club Is the Best Way to Reduce Global Emissions of Greenhouse Gases
Guy Saint-Jacques

11 Biodiversity Loss Under the Lens of Multilateralism: An Environmental Governance and International Law Perspective
Valériane Thool

12 Fostering Sustainable Economic Growth, Transformation and Promotion of Responsible Consumption and Production: The Subnational Government’s Role in Contributions to Multilateralism
Patrícia Iglecias

13 Challenges for the Coming Years: Learning Regional Lessons on Environmental Protection and Achieving the Participation of Indigenous Peoples in the United Nations System
Walter Arévalo-Ramírez

Human Rights and Migration Governance

14 Migrants’ Protection and Assistance in the Face of a Changing World: Taking Stock of the Challenges and Responses
Emnet B. Gebre

15 What UNRWA Tells Us About Refugees and the United Nations
Yasmeen Abu-Laban

16 The Value of Re-socializing Boys and Men for Positive Gender Relations to Curb Gender-Based Violence and Femicide in South Africa
Christopher Isike

Special Contribution

17 The UN at 75: A Political Declarationand a Global Conversation
Cecilia Cannon

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