The ERC-funded research project BuddhistRoad aims to create a new framework to enable understanding of the complexities in the dynamics of cultural encounter and religious transfer in pre-modern Eastern Central Asia. Buddhism was one major factor in this exchange: for the first time the multi-layered relationships between the trans-regional Buddhist traditions (Chinese, Indian, Tibetan) and those based on local Buddhist cultures (Khotanese, Uyghur, Tangut) will be explored in a systematic way. The second volume Buddhism in Central Asia II—Practice and Rituals, Visual and Materials Transfer based on the mid-project conference held on September 16th–18th, 2019, at CERES, Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Germany) focuses on two of the six thematic topics addressed by the project, namely on “practices and rituals”, exploring material culture in religious context such as mandalas and talismans, as well as “visual and material transfer”, including shared iconographies and the spread of ‘Khotanese’ themes.
Henrik H. Sørensen, Pd. D. (1988), Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany is project coordinator of the ERC project BuddhistRoad. He has published widely on Chinese and Korean Buddhism, in particular Esoteric Buddhist traditions. He served as co-editor of Esoteric Buddhism and the Tantras in East Asia (Brill, 2011). His current research focuses on Buddhism in Dunhuang.
Yukiyo Kasai, Ph.D. (2005), Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany is a research associate of the ERC project BuddhistRoad. She has published monographs and many articles on Old Uyghur Buddhist texts, including Uyghur Legitimation and the Role of Buddhism (Brill, 2020).
Foreword Acknowledgements General Abbreviations Bibliographic Abbreviations List of Illustrations Notes on Contributors
Introduction: Central Asia: Sacred Sites and the Transmission of Religious Practices Yukiyo Kasai, Henrik H. Sørensen, and Haoran Hou
Part 1: Visual Material and Transfer
1 Did the Silk Road(s) Extend from Dunhuang, Mount Wutai, and Chang’an to Kyoto, Japan? A Reassessment Based on Material Culture from the Temple Gate Tendai Tradition of Miidera George Keyworth
2 Representations of a Series of Large Buddha Figures in the Buddhist Caves of Kuča: Reflections on Their Origin and Meaning Ines Konczak-Nagel
3 Buddhist Painting in the South of the Tarim Basin: A Chronological Conundrum Ciro Lo Muzio
4 ‘Khotanese Themes’ in Dunhuang: Visual and Ideological Transfer in the 9th–11th Centuries Erika Forte
5 The ‘Sogdian Deities’ Twenty Years on: A Reconsideration of a Small Painting from Dunhuang Lilla Russell-Smith
Part 2: Practices and Rituals
6 Seeking the Pure Land in Tangut Art Michelle C. Wang
7 The Avalokiteśvara Cult in Turfan and Dunhuang in the Pre-Mongolian Period Yukiyo Kasai
8 Bridging Yoga and Mahāyoga: Samaya in Early Tantric Buddhism Jacob P. Dalton
9 Visualising Oneself as the Cosmos: An Esoteric Buddhist Meditation Text from Dunhuang Henrik H. Sørensen
10 Beyond Spatial and Temporal Contingencies: Tantric Rituals in Eastern Central Asia under Tangut Rule, 11th–13th C. Carmen Meinert
11 The Serlingpa Acala in Tibet and the Tangut Empire Iain Sinclair
12 Mahākāla Literature Unearthed from Karakhoto Haoran Hou
13 Practice and Rituals in Uyghur Buddhist Texts: A Preliminary Appraisal Jens Wilkens
The current collection of articles is of relevance to researchers and students of Central Asian Buddhism broadly conceived, including art history and ritual practices.