Buddhism in Central Asia II

Practices and Rituals, Visual and Material Transfer


Volume Editors: and
The ERC-funded research project BuddhistRoad aims to create a new framework to enable understanding of the complexities in the dynamics of cultural encounter and religious transfer in pre-modern Eastern Central Asia. Buddhism was one major factor in this exchange: for the first time the multi-layered relationships between the trans-regional Buddhist traditions (Chinese, Indian, Tibetan) and those based on local Buddhist cultures (Khotanese, Uyghur, Tangut) will be explored in a systematic way. The second volume Buddhism in Central Asia II—Practice and Rituals, Visual and Materials Transfer based on the mid-project conference held on September 16th–18th, 2019, at CERES, Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Germany) focuses on two of the six thematic topics addressed by the project, namely on "practices and rituals", exploring material culture in religious context such as mandalas and talismans, as well as “visual and material transfer”, including shared iconographies and the spread of ‘Khotanese’ themes.
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Henrik H. Sørensen, Pd. D. (1988), Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany is project coordinator of the ERC project BuddhistRoad. He has published widely on Chinese and Korean Buddhism, in particular Esoteric Buddhist traditions. He served as co-editor of Esoteric Buddhism and the Tantras in East Asia (Brill, 2011). His current research focuses on Buddhism in Dunhuang.
Yukiyo Kasai, Ph.D. (2005), Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany is a research associate of the ERC project BuddhistRoad. She has published monographs and many articles on Old Uyghur Buddhist texts, including Uyghur Legitimation and the Role of Buddhism (Brill, 2020).
General Abbreviations
Bibliographic Abbreviations
List of Illustrations
Notes on Contributors

Introduction: Central Asia: Sacred Sites and the Transmission of Religious Practices
Yukiyo Kasai, Henrik H. Sørensen, and Haoran Hou

Part 1: Visual Material and Transfer

1 Did the Silk Road(s) Extend from Dunhuang, Mount Wutai, and Chang’an to Kyoto, Japan? A Reassessment Based on Material Culture from the Temple Gate Tendai Tradition of Miidera
George Keyworth

2 Representations of a Series of Large Buddha Figures in the Buddhist Caves of Kuča: Reflections on Their Origin and Meaning
Ines Konczak-Nagel

3 Buddhist Painting in the South of the Tarim Basin: A Chronological Conundrum
Ciro Lo Muzio

4 ‘Khotanese Themes’ in Dunhuang: Visual and Ideological Transfer in the 9th–11th Centuries
Erika Forte

5 The ‘Sogdian Deities’ Twenty Years on: A Reconsideration of a Small Painting from Dunhuang
Lilla Russell-Smith

Part 2: Practices and Rituals

6 Seeking the Pure Land in Tangut Art
Michelle C. Wang

7 The Avalokiteśvara Cult in Turfan and Dunhuang in the Pre-Mongolian Period
Yukiyo Kasai

8 Bridging Yoga and Mahāyoga: Samaya in Early Tantric Buddhism
Jacob P. Dalton

9 Visualising Oneself as the Cosmos: An Esoteric Buddhist Meditation Text from Dunhuang
Henrik H. Sørensen

10 Beyond Spatial and Temporal Contingencies: Tantric Rituals in Eastern Central Asia under Tangut Rule, 11th–13th C.
Carmen Meinert

11 The Serlingpa Acala in Tibet and the Tangut Empire
Iain Sinclair

12 Mahākāla Literature Unearthed from Karakhoto
Haoran Hou

13 Practice and Rituals in Uyghur Buddhist Texts: A Preliminary Appraisal
Jens Wilkens

The current collection of articles is of relevance to researchers and students of Central Asian Buddhism broadly conceived, including art history and ritual practices.
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