In Ordinary Jerusalem, Angelos Dalachanis, Vincent Lemire and thirty-five scholars depict the ordinary history of an extraordinary global city in the late Ottoman and Mandate periods. Utilizing largely unknown archives, they revisit the holy city of three religions, which has often been defined solely as an eternal battlefield and studied exclusively through the prism of geopolitics and religion. At the core of their analysis are topics and issues developed by the European Research Council-funded project “Opening Jerusalem Archives: For a Connected History of Citadinité in the Holy City, 1840–1940.” Drawn from the French vocabulary of geography and urban sociology, the concept of citadinité describes the dynamic identity relationship a city’s inhabitants develop with each other and with their urban environment.
Angelos Dalachanis, PhD (2011, European University Institute), is a fellow of the French School at Athens and a member of the core team of the ERC-funded project Open Jerusalem. His research interests include urban societies and migration in the eastern Mediterranean in the modern period. He is the author of The Greek Exodus from Egypt: Diaspora Politics and Emigration, 1937–1962 (Berghahn, 2017).
Vincent Lemire, PhD (2006, University of Provence), is Associate Professor at Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée University and director of the ERC-funded project Open Jerusalem. He is the author of several works on the history of Jerusalem, including La soif de Jérusalem: essai d’hydrohistoire 1840–1948 (Publications de la Sorbonne, 2010), Jérusalem 1900: la ville sainte à l’âge des possibles (Armand Colin, 2013), and he is the editor of Jérusalem: Histoire d’une ville-monde (Flammarion, 2016).
List of Figures and Tables Abbreviations Contributors Note on Transliteration
Introduction: Opening Ordinary Jerusalem Angelos Dalachanis and Vincent Lemire
Part 1: Opening the Archives, Revealing the City
Introduction Gudrun Krämer
1 Placing Jerusalemites in the History of Jerusalem: The Ottoman Census [sicil-i nüfūs] as a Historical Source Michelle U. Campos 2 Introducing Jerusalem: Visiting Cards, Advertisements and Urban Identities at the Turn of the 20th Century Maria Chiara Rioli 3 The Ethiopian Orthodox Community in Jerusalem: New Archives and Perspectives on Daily Life and Social Networks, 1840–1940 Stéphane Ancel 4 Between Ottomanization and Local Networks: Appointment Registers as Archival Sources for Waqf Studies. The Case of Jerusalem’s Maghariba Neighborhood Şerife Eroğlu Memiş 5 Foreign Affairs through Private Papers: Bishop Porfirii Uspenskii and His Jerusalem Archives, 1842–1860 Lora Gerd and Yann Potin 6 The Brotherhood, the City and the Land: Patriarchal Archives and Scales of Analysis of Greek Orthodox Jerusalem in the Late Ottoman and Mandate Periods Angelos Dalachanis and Agamemnon Tselikas
Part 2: Imperial Allegiances and Local Authorities
Introduction Beshara Doumani
7 The State and the City, the State in the City: Another Look at Citadinité Noémi Lévy-Aksu 8 Collective Petitions (ʿarż-ı maḥżār) as a Reflective Archival Source for Jerusalem’s Networks of Citadinité at the End of 19th Century Yasemin Avcı, Vincent Lemire, and Ömür Yazıcı Özdemir 9 Back into the Imperial Fold: The End of Egyptian Rule through the Court Records of Jerusalem, 1839–1840 Abla Muhtadi and Falestin Naïli 10 An Institution, Its People and Its Documents: The Russian Consulate in Jerusalem through the Foreign Policy Archive of the Russian Empire, 1858–1914 Irina Mironenko-Marenkova and Kirill Vakh 11 Diplomacy, Communal Politics, and Religious Property Management: The Case of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem in the Early Mandate Period Konstantinos Papastathis 12 Comparing Ottoman Municipalities in Palestine: The Cases of Nablus, Haifa, and Nazareth, 1864–1914 Mahmoud Yazbak
Part 3: Cultural Networks, Public Knowledge
Introduction Edhem Eldem
13 Municipal Jerusalem in the Age of Urban Democracy: On the Difference between What Happened and What is Said to Have Happened Jens Hanssen 14 Reading the City, Writing the Self: Arabic and Hebrew Urban Texts in Jerusalem, 1840–1940 Yair Wallach 15 Arab-Zionist Conversations in Late Ottoman Jerusalem: Saʿid al-Husayni, Ruhi al-Khalidi and Eliezer Ben-Yehuda Jonathan Marc Gribetz 16 Ben-Yehuda in his Ottoman Milieu: Jerusalem’s Public Sphere as Reflected in the Hebrew Newspaper Ha-Tsevi, 1884–1915 Abdul-Hameed Al-Kayyali and Hassan Ahmad Hassan 17 Men at Work: The Tipografia di Terra Santa, 1847–1930 Leyla Dakhli 18 The St. James Armenian Printing House in Jerusalem: Scientific and Educational Activities, 1833–1933 Arman Khachatryan 19 The Wasif Jawharriyeh Collection: Illustrating Jerusalem during the First Half of the 20th Century Issam Nassar
Part 4: Sharing the City: Contacts, Claims and Conflicts
Introduction Gadi Algazi
20 “The Preservation and Safeguarding of the Amenities of the Holy City without Favour or Prejudice to Race or Creed”: The Pro-Jerusalem Society and Ronald Storrs, 1917–1926 Roberto Mazza 21 Governing Jerusalem’s Children, Revealing Invisible Inhabitants: The American Colony Aid Association, 1920s–1950s Julia R. Shatz 22 Epidemiology and the City: Communal vs. Inter-communal Health Policy-Making in Jerusalem from the Ottomans to the Mandate, 1908–1925 Philippe Bourmaud 23 Being on a List: Class and Gender in the Registries of Jewish Life in Jerusalem, 1840–1900 Yali Hashash 24 The Tramway Concession of Jerusalem, 1908–1914: Elite Citizenship, Urban Infrastructure, and the Abortive Modernization of a Late Ottoman City Sotirios Dimitriadis 25 Waqf Endowments in the Old City of Jerusalem: Changing Status and Archival Sources Salim Tamari 26 The Limitations of Citadinité in Late Ottoman Jerusalem Louis Fishman Bibliography
All interested in the history of Jerusalem, Palestine and the Middle East, the urban history of the late Ottoman period and Mandate periods and those concerned in the archival material of Jerusalem.