Encounters, networks, identities and diversity are at the core of the history of Buddhism. They are also the focus of Buddhist Encounters and Identities across East Asia, edited by Ann Heirman, Carmen Meinert and Christoph Anderl. While long-distance networks allowed Buddhist ideas to travel to all parts of East Asia, it was through local and trans-local networks and encounters, and a diversity of people and societies, that identities were made and negotiated. This book undertakes a detailed examination of discrete Buddhist identities rooted in unique cultural practices, beliefs and indigenous socio-political conditions. Moreover, it presents a fascinating picture of the intricacies of the regional and cross-regional networks that connected South and East Asia.
Ann Heirman Ph.D. (1998), Ghent University, is Professor of Buddhist Studies and Classical Chinese. She has published extensively on Chinese Buddhist monasticism and the development of disciplinary rules, including Rules for Nuns according to the Dharmaguptakavinaya (Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, 2002).
Carmen Meinert Ph.D. (2001), Ruhr-Universität Bochum, is Professor of Central Asian Religions. Her research interest focuses on the transfer of Buddhism in Central Asia, Tibet and China. Her latest publication is Transfer of Buddhism Across Central Asian Networks (7th to 13th Centuries) (Brill 2016).
Christoph Anderl Ph.D. (2004), Ghent University, is Professor of Buddhist Studies and Chinese Linguistics, with an emphasis on the vernacular language of Medieval China and Chan Buddhist material among the Dunhuang manuscripts.
AcknowledgementsList of Illustrations VIIIList of AbbreviationsNotes on ContributorsIntroduction: Networks and Identities in the Buddhist WorldTansen Sen
Part 1: Translocal Networks
1 Bagan Murals and the Sino-Tibetan WorldClaudine Bautze-Picron 2 Noise along the Network: A Set of Chinese Ming Embroidered Thangkas in the Indian HimalayasRob Linrothe 3 Nation Founder and Universal Saviour: Guanyin and Buddhist Networks in the Nanzhao and Dali KingdomsMegan Bryson 4 A Study on the Combination of the Deities Fudō and Aizen in Medieval Shingon Esoteric BuddhismSteven Trenson 5 The Transmission of the Buddhadharma from India to China: An Examination of Kumārajīva’s Transliteration of the Dhāraṇīs of the SaddharmapuṇḍarīkasūtraBryan Levman 6 The Journey of Zhao Xian and the Exile of Royal Descendants in the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368)Kaiqi Hua
Part 2: Negotiating and Constructing Identities
7 Wailing for Identity: Topical and Poetic Expressions of Cultural Belonging in Chinese Buddhist LiteratureMax Deeg 8 How the Dharma Ended up in the “Eastern Country”: Korean Monks in the Chinese Buddhist Imaginaire during the Tang and Early SongSem Vermeersch 9 Buddhist Pilgrimage and Spiritual Identity: Korean Sŏn Monks Journeying to Tang China in Search of the DharmaHenrik H. Sørensen 10 The Rebirth Legend of Prince Shōtoku: Buddhist Networks in Ninth Century China and JapanPei-Ying Lin 11 Because They Entrusted to Them a Part of Their Buddhist Selves—Imagined Communities, Layered Identities, and NetworkingBart Dessein 12 Bodily Care Identity in Buddhist Monastic Life of Ancient India and China: An Advancing Purity ThresholdAnn HeirmanBibliographyIndex
All those interested in the history of Buddhism in East Asia and in East Asian Buddhist cultural practices, and anyone with an interest in the diffusion and transformation of Buddhism.