The Ecosystem Approach in Ocean Planning and Governance

Perspectives from Europe and Beyond


The Ecosystem Approach in Ocean Planning and Governance takes stock of the challenges associated with implementing an ecosystem approach in ocean governance. In addition to theorizing the notion of Ecosystem Approach and its multifaceted implications, the book provides in depth analyses of lessons learned and remaining challenges associated with making the Ecosystem Approach fully relevant and operational in different marine policy fields, including marine spatial planning, fisheries, and biodiversity protection. In doing so, it adds much needed legal and social science perspectives to the existing literature on the Ecosystem Approach in relation to the marine environment. While focusing predominantly on the European context, the perspective is enriched by analyses from other jurisdictions, including the USA.
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David Langlet is Professor of Ocean Governance Law at University of Gothenburg. His research spans inter alia law of the sea, environmental law, energy law and EU law. Recent publications include EU Environmental Law and Policy (with S. Mahmoudi) (OUP, 2016).
Rosemary Rayfuse is Scientia Professor in International Law at UNSW Sydney. Her research focuses on public international law, law of the sea and international environmental law. Recent publications include Environmental Rights in Europe and Beyond (with S. Bogojevic) (Hart, 2017) and Risk and the Regulation of Uncertainty in International Law (with M. Ambrus and W. Werner (OUP, 2016).
List of Illustrations
Table of Cases
Table of Legislation
Notes on Contributors

1 The Ecosystem Approach in Ocean Planning and Governance – An Introduction
David Langlet and Rosemary Rayfuse

Part 1: Cross-Cutting and Critical Perspectives

2 Resilience and Adaptive Capacity of Aquatic Environmental Law in the EU: An Evaluation and Comparison of the WFD, MSFD, and MSPD
Niko Soininen and Froukje Maria Platjouw

3 The Ecosystem Approach as a Basis for Managerial Compliance: An Example from the Regulatory Development in the Baltic Sea Region
Brita Bohman

4 Delimiting Marine Areas: Ecosystem Approach(es?) in EU Marine Management
Aron Westholm

5 Land-Sea Interactions and the Ecosystem Approach in Ocean Planning and Governance
Sue Kidd

6 The Ecosystem Approach and Sustainable Development in Baltic Sea Marine Spatial Planning: The Social Pillar, a ‘Slow Train Coming’
Michael Gilek, Fred Saunders and Ignė Stalmokaitė

7 The Ecosystem-Based Approach for the Marine Environment and the Position of Humans: Lessons from the EU Natura 2000 Regime
Kees Bastmeijer

Part 2: Participation and Collaboration

8 The Ecosystem Approach and Public Engagement in Ocean Governance: The Case of Maritime Spatial Planning
Antonia Zervaki

9 Embedding Law in Participatory Processes Enables an Ecosystem Approach to Marine Decision Making: Analysis of a North Sea Example
Anne-Michelle Slater and Alison MacDonald

Part 3: Thematic and National Perspectives and Experiences

10 The Ecosystem Approach and the Common Fisheries Policy
Jill Wakefield

11 The Challenges of Applying the Ecosystem Approach to Spatial Planning in the EEZ: German Experiences
Eva Schachtner

12 Ecosystem-Based Approaches to Ocean Management in the United States: Weaving Together Multiple Strands
David Fluharty

13 Implications of the Ecosystem Based Approach to Wetlands Management on the Kenyan Coast
Collins Odote

Part 4: Conclusion and Outlook

14 Challenges in Implementing the Ecosystem Approach: Lessons Learned
David Langlet and Rosemary Rayfuse
The book is relevant to everyone interested in what the Ecosystem Approach may offer in relation to sustainably governing the oceans, including academics, civil servants, politicians and civil society representatives.
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