This book is available in open access thanks to the generous support of the Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań

Defining the Identity of the Younger Europe gathers studies that shed new light on the rich tapestry of early modern “Younger Europe” — Byzantine-Slavic and Scandinavian territories. It unearths the multi-dimensional aspects of the period, revealing the formation and transformation of nations that shared common threads, the establishment of political systems, and the enduring legacies of religious movements. Immersive, enlightening, and thought-provoking, the book promises to be an indispensable resource for anyone interested in the complexities of early modern Europe. This collection does not just retell history; it provokes readers to rethink it.

Contributors: Giovanna Brogi, Piotr Chmiel,Karin Friedrich, Anna Grześkowiak-Krwawicz, Mirosława Hanusiewicz-Lavallee, Robert Aleksander Maryks, Tadhg Ó hAnnracháin, Maciej Ptaszyński, Paul Shore, and Frank E. Sysyn.
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Mirosława Hanusiewicz-Lavallee, Ph.D. (1992, Catholic University of Lublin) Poland, is a professor of early modern Polish literature at the Catholic University of Lublin. She has published extensively on baroque poetry, religious literary culture, and the comparative context of Polish literature, including the monographs Świat podzielony (1994), Święte i zmysłowe w poezji religijnej polskiego baroku (1998), Pięć stopni miłości (2004), and W stronę Albionu(2017).

Robert A. Maryks, Ph.D. (2006, Fordham University, New York City) has published widely on the history of the Jesuits, including Saint Cicero and the Jesuits (Ashgate, 2008) and The Jesuit Order as a Synagogue of Jews (Brill, 2009). He is the editor of the Journal of Jesuits Studies, Brill’s series Jesuit Studies, Jesuit Historiography Online, and Brill Research Perspectives in Jesuit Studies.
Contents
Notes on Editors and Contributors

Introduction
Mirosława Hanusiewicz-Lavallee and Robert A. Maryks

The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Birth of Modern Ukraine: a Reappraisal of the Khmelnytsky “Revolution”
Frank E. Sysyn
 1 National Traditions
 2 Periodization
 3 The General Crisis of the Seventeenth Century and Early Modern Revolts
 4 The Religious Factor
 5 New Research Agendas
 6 Conclusion

The Younger Europe—or the Older? Visions of Politics in the Early Modern Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Anna Grześkowiak-Krwawicz
 1 On the Main Route: the Republican Tradition
 2 The Side Path: Disregard of New Concepts
 3 New Propositions: New Roads

The “Common Good” and Urban Crisis Management in Early Modern East-Central Europe: the Examples of Danzig and Slutsk
Karin Friedrich
 1 Self-Interest versus “Common Good” in the “Younger Europe”
 2 The “Common Good,” Natural Law, and Hugo Grotius
 3 Danzig’s Conflict with Stefan Báthory
 4 The “Well-Ordered Government” of the City of Slutsk
 5 Conclusion

Good Editions of Unpublished Texts: the Case of Stefan Iavorskii
Giovanna Brogi
 1 Historical and Cultural Context
 2 Stefan Iavorskii’s Heretige
 3 Documentary and Cultural Significance
 4 Stefan Iavorskii and Lazar Baranovych
 5 Conclusion

Words Spoken and Unspoken: Preachers and the Baltic Reformation in the Younger Europe
Maciej Ptaszyński
 1 Introduction
 2 Early Reformation in the North
 3 Stralsund on the Eve of Iconoclasm
 4 Conclusion

The Younger Europe from a Papal Perspective, 1580–1640
Tadhg Ó hAnnracháin
 1 Introduction: Catholic Geography of Europe
 2 Perceptions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
 3 Conclusion

The Battle of Mohács, Re-remembered History, and Hungary’s “Christian” Identity
Paul Shore†
 Conclusion
 Acknowledgements

Younger, but How? Heterochrony of Premodern European Divisions in the Discourse on Central/East-Central Europe
Piotr Chmiel
 1 Introduction
 2 East–West Divide
 3 From Spatial to Temporal Divisions
 4 Views on Europe: Time and Space
 5 Reflections on Early Modern Times
 6 Toward a Conclusion: Heterochrony, History, and the East–West Divide

Bibliography
Index
All those interested in early modern history and cultures of Northern and East-Central Europe, historians of literature, historians of Catholicism, historians of Reformation, historians of political and religious ideas.
Keywords: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Ukraine, Hungary, East-Central Europe, Reformation, Roman Catholicism, Khmelnytsky Uprising, Aristotelian-Ciceronian tradition, early modern republicanism, mixed monarchy, common good, urban life, Danzig, Slutsk, Stefan Iavorskii, Ivan Mazepa, Cossack Hetmanate, sermons, Pomerania, papal diplomacy, fighting Islam, Mohács, Christian civilization, macrohistorical concepts, heterochrony, Jerzy Kłoczowski, Oskar Halecki, Jenő Szűcs, Milan Kundera.
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