Contextualist theories of knowledge have received a lot of attention in the contemporary epistemological literature. The central idea of such theories is that contextual factors play an important role in determining whether a particular knowledge sentence is true or false. Thus, on contextualist theories of knowledge it might be the case that a particular subject knows a proposition in one context but fails to know that same proposition in another context—while the only thing that has changed is the context.
Of the extant contextualist theories of knowledge, attributer contextualism (that is, the type of contextualism that makes the context of the attributer of knowledge crucial in determining whether a subject knows a proposition) has been discussed the most. The papers in the present collection continue this focus on attributer contextualism, and offer a fairly critical treatment of this theory. Nevertheless, a number of papers also outline
new types of contextualism. What results is a collection of papers that, though negative towards attributer contextualism, for the most part is sympathetic towards contextualism in general.
may be). As Patricia Hill Collins (2000) stresses, the black feminist standpoint has largely been developed and sustained outside the academy: by authors, poets, songwriters, artists, and others. Moreover, this is no accident, since academia has tended to systematically exclude black women and the
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The Sensitivity Principle in Epistemology
desolation of the earth and of human existence.” 31 the desert is “the deserted [ verlassene ] expanse of the abandonment [ Verlassenheit ] of all life.” 32 Heidegger might be said to “criticize” National Socialism in a sense in this way in this and other works of this era. He does so, however, in the Black
continues to harbor what I have called “residues of will.” 68 These residues are not restricted to his exasperating experiments with weaving anti-Semitic tropes into his onto-historical thought in the Black Notebooks of the 1930s, nor even to the problem of Greco-Germanic Eurocentrism or “onto
Encountering Ability, Scott DeShong considers how ability and its correlative, disability, come into existence. Besides being articulated as physical, social, aesthetic, political, and specifically human, ability signifies and is signified such that signification itself is always in question. Thus the language of ability and the ability of language constitute discourse that undermines foundations, including any foundation for discourse or ability. Drawing on Gilles Deleuze’s theory of primary differentiation and Emmanuel Levinas’s philosophy of ethical relationality,
Encountering Ability finds implications of music, theology, and cursing in the signification of ability, and also examines various literary texts, including works by Amiri Baraka and Marguerite Duras.
Let us now move to consider a counterexample to (E Z ) and (E N ) which is a variant of a series of counterexamples that are generally taken to afflict Nozick’s sensitivity condition. Let (P#) be the true proposition that all ravens are black, and let (Q#) be the proposition, entailed by (P
– 281 .
Becker K. ( 2006 ). “
Is Counterfactual Reliabilism Compatible with Higher-Level Knowledge?” Dialectica 60 : 79 – 84 .
Becker K. ( 2012 ). “
Methods and How to Individuate Them .” In Becker and Black ( 2012 ), 81 – 97 .
Becker K. and Black T. (eds.). ( 2012 ). The
The Rest Write Back: Discourse and Decolonization, Esmaeil Zeiny brings together a collection of essays that interrogate the colonial legacies, the contemporary power structure and the geopolitics of knowledge production. The scholars in this collection illustrate how the writing-back paradigm engages in a conversation and paves the way for a “dialogical and pluri-versal” world where the Rest is no longer excluded. Among the important features of this book is that it presents ways for “decoloniality” and “epistemic disobedience.” This book will be of interest to scholars and students of all Social Science and Humanities disciplines but it is particularly important for those in the disciplines of sociology, postcolonial studies, cultural studies, literature, and theory and philosophy of Social Sciences and Humanities.
Contributors include: Dustin J. Byrd, Ciarunji Chesaina, Hiba Ghanem, Mladjo Ivanovic, Masumi Hashimoto Odari, Arjuna Parakrama, JM. Persánch, Andrew Ridgeway, Rudolf J. Siebert, and Esmaeil Zeiny.
their ambition. Suppose I’m at the zoo and I see some black and white striped equine animals grazing in a nearby enclosure marked “Zebras” ( Dretske 1970 ). In this case, I would ordinarily take myself to know that the animals before me are zebras. Now consider the hypothesis that the animals before me