international responsibility to protect threatened populations. Thus, duty of conduct/responsibility to try requires, as far as possible, effective response. What exactly this response should be will, of course, depend on the context and will be subject to various feasibility constraints. Some crises will
Was Syria or Libya the Exception?
claims made about rising powers and the future of R2P. Finally, considering the evidence gathered, the article seeks to assess how emerging powers’ positions on R2P will influence the global debate about the subject, and whether the BRICS’ voting behaviour vis-à-vis Libya or Syria was more representative