with this consecration. [130] Free from worldly concerns, dwell along the pure banks of rivers, in sacred shrines, in abandoned houses, and in the wilderness.” [131] After they had heard these words from Lord Paśupati himself, those students, imbued with the fiery energy of Lord Bhava, all did as they

in Mapping the Pāśupata Landscape

object. The column is likened to the arm of the king: the strong arm of the warrior, calloused by the rub of the bowstring; the arm that supports the earth when she is weary from the oppressive energies of unrighteous rulers. The metaphor is driven home in the final verses, which liken Yaśodharman’s arm

in Mapping the Pāśupata Landscape

pillars within the building. In some cases, the texts on these messages are embossed ( Figures 2 , 6 , 8 ), in both cases such inscription practices emphasize the permanence of these signs in terms of their materiality – these texts are meant to endure. Figure 1 22% More energy efficient compared

in Manusya: Journal of Humanities