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Harley Balzer and Jon Askonas

Russia and China both are endeavoring to transform Soviet-style R&D systems characterized by separate education, research and business spheres into something more suited to a knowledge economy supporting innovation. The Triple Helix model is an attractive configuration, derived from the practices of the most successful innovation systems, and suggesting that the three key actors—universities, business, and the state—might in some instances substitute for each other. A model placing the state at the center appeals to non-democratic regimes and countries endeavoring to catch up with OECD nations.

We compare the Chinese and Russian efforts to implement a Triple Helix program by examining institutional change, epistemic communities, funding, and the role of the state, with nanotechnology as a case study. While both nations have introduced major programs and allocated significant funding, we find that China has been vastly more successful than Russia in promoting collaboration among universities, business, and government to advance research and innovation. We attribute the difference to the quality of state policies that provide incentives for agents and epistemic communities to alter their behavior, an outcome facilitated by conditions at the beginning of reforms, which made the Chinese far more open to learning.

The Portrait of Matteo Ricci

A Mirror of Western Religious and Chinese Literati Portrait Painting

César Guillen-Nuñez

currents of Chinese portraiture of the period are identified, as are relevant features that derive from late sixteenth-century Counter-Reformation portraiture in Europe. Certain aspects of Ricci’s contribution to Chinese science are also discussed, as they shed light both on the personality of the

Frederik Vermote

global sociology of corporations. Anna Winterbottom, in her analysis of the intersections of science and global trading companies, also touches upon the Jesuits. Winterbottom emphasizes the Jesuit contributions to the fields of astronomy and mathematics and their role in connecting European and Chinese

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Edited by Vivienne Lo and Penelope Barrett

A unique collection of 36 chapters on the history of Chinese medical illustrations, this volume will take the reader on a remarkable journey from the imaging of a classical medicine to instructional manuals for bone-setting, to advertising and comic books of the Yellow Emperor. In putting images, their power and their travels at the centre of the analysis, this volume reveals many new and exciting dimensions to the history of medicine and embodiment, and challenges eurocentric histories. At a broader philosophical level, it challenges historians of science to rethink the epistemologies and materialities of knowledge transmission. There are studies by senior scholars from Asia, Europe and the Americas as well as emerging scholars working at the cutting edge of their fields.

Thanks to generous support of the Wellcome Trust, this volume is available in Open Access.

Sheila J. Rabin

including the telescope. On the other hand, he accused the Jesuits of virtually forcing Ptolemaic astronomy on the Chinese and retarding their acceptance of Copernican astronomy. 60 However, in the seventeenth century, most Jesuits taught Tychonic, not Ptolemaic, astronomy. A recent work on Chinese science

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Anna Winterbottom

best positioned Europeans to acquire information about Chinese science were Jesuit missionaries. The Jesuit mission was associated with the mathematical and astronomical sciences from 1600, when Matteo Ricci took up residency in Beijing and several Jesuits were appointed to the Imperial Astronomical

The Menstruating Womb

A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Body and Gender in Hŏ Chun’s Precious Mirror of Eastern Medicine (1613)

Yi-Li Wu

Chinese Science 1986 7 48 51 Furth C. A Flourishing Yin: Gender in China’s Medical History, 960–1665 1999 Berkeley University of California Press Furth C. Chen S. ‘Chinese Medicine and the Anthropology of Menstruation in Contemporary Taiwan’ Medical