understanding necessarily will include that which made Jesuits qua Jesuits, i.e. their spiritual teachings and practice). A third salient characteristic of O’Malley’s second period is its Eurocentrism, somewhat in contrast with the first period, when the history of the Jesuit missions was vigorously
T. Frank Kennedy
This article challenges a tendency that grew up in fascist studies in the 1930s to treat Fascism and Nazism as the only authentic expressions of fascism, and to evaluate and understand all other manifestations of the generic force as more or less derivative of them and hence of secondary importance when understanding ‘the nature of fascism’ as an ideology. This has created an artificial location of each fascism as being either at the core or periphery of the phenomenon, and has reinforced a Eurocentrism that leads to parallel movements in Brazil, Chile, Argentina, and South Africa to be neglected. It calls for wider acceptance of the realization that researching movements that did not seize autonomous power, such as the Croatian Ustasha, the Romanian Iron Guard, or the Transylvanian Saxons, can enrich understanding of aspects of Fascism and Nazism, such as the role of racism, eugenics, anti-Semitism and organized Christianity in determining the ideological contents ad fate of a particular fascism.
centrality of China displayed on these maps is simultaneously, even today, a challenge to Eurocentrism and a reminder of Sinocentrism, and it invites us to reflect on the pioneering nature of this Jesuit cartographic exploit, its limitations, but also the boldness of such a milestone in Chinese
Margot van den Berg and Robbert van Sluijs
Sabino’s intention to give credit where credit is due, in particular to the Africans who built the West Indian plantation economies from the late seventeenth century onward. Chapter 1, “Hubristic Eurocentrism,” discusses several examples of the impact of European-derived linguistic ideologies of
interactions on indigenous networks and political systems. The case for scalar analysis is argued most directly by Fowler and Card, who state that archaeologies of colonialism should address Orser’s ( 2014 ) “haunts” of modernity (colonialism, mercantilism/capitalism, Eurocentrism, racialization) but that we
political purpose of Western intellectuals’ interpretations of international law in the nineteenth century. Although it was a critical study of the intellectual history of international law and it was anti-Eurocentrism, it was still a critique within the Western framework revealing the illogical and unjust
Simon C. Kemper
palaces alike to reconfigure what war meant to those fighting it. Taking the baton will allow new contributions to the parity debate, which go beyond Eurocentrism and its counterpart Revisionist Model which denies technological divergence between Asia and Europe. This volume addresses the warrior rather
Edited by Vivienne Lo and Penelope Barrett
Thanks to generous support of the Wellcome Trust, this volume is available in Open Access.
Edited by Fabrice Bensimon, Deluermoz Quentin and Jeanne Moisand
The IWMA struggled for the emancipation of labour. It organised solidarity with strikers. It took sides in major events, such as the 1871 Paris Commune. It soon appeared as a threat to European powers, which vilified and prosecuted it. Although it split up in 1872, the IWMA played a ground-breaking part in the history of working-class internationalism.
In our age of globalised capitalism, large labour migration, and rising nationalisms, much can be learnt from the history of the first international labour organisation.
Contributors are: Fabrice Bensimon, Gregory Claeys, Michel Cordillot, Nicolas Delalande, Quentin Deluermoz, Marianne Enckell, Albert Garcia Balaña, Samuel Hayat, Jürgen Herres, François Jarrige, Mathieu Léonard, Carl Levy, Detlev Mares, Krzysztof Marchlewicz, Woodford McClellan, Jeanne Moisand, Iorwerth Prothero, Jean Puissant, Jürgen Schmidt, Antje Schrupp, Horacio Tarcus, Antony Taylor, Marc Vuilleumier.
narrow Eurocentrism, as amply demonstrated by James Morris Blaut: So Brenner’s theory has this simple geography: there is distance-decay of interest and relevance as we enlarge the scale, from rural England to England as a whole, to Western Europe as a whole, to Europe as a whole, to the world as a whole