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T. Frank Kennedy

understanding necessarily will include that which made Jesuits qua Jesuits, i.e. their spiritual teachings and practice). A third salient characteristic of O’Malley’s second period is its Eurocentrism, somewhat in contrast with the first period, when the history of the Jesuit missions was vigorously

Roger Griffin

This article challenges a tendency that grew up in fascist studies in the 1930s to treat Fascism and Nazism as the only authentic expressions of fascism, and to evaluate and understand all other manifestations of the generic force as more or less derivative of them and hence of secondary importance when understanding ‘the nature of fascism’ as an ideology. This has created an artificial location of each fascism as being either at the core or periphery of the phenomenon, and has reinforced a Eurocentrism that leads to parallel movements in Brazil, Chile, Argentina, and South Africa to be neglected. It calls for wider acceptance of the realization that researching movements that did not seize autonomous power, such as the Croatian Ustasha, the Romanian Iron Guard, or the Transylvanian Saxons, can enrich understanding of aspects of Fascism and Nazism, such as the role of racism, eugenics, anti-Semitism and organized Christianity in determining the ideological contents ad fate of a particular fascism.

Eugenio Menegon

centrality of China displayed on these maps is simultaneously, even today, a challenge to Eurocentrism and a reminder of Sinocentrism, and it invites us to reflect on the pioneering nature of this Jesuit cartographic exploit, its limitations, but also the boldness of such a milestone in Chinese

Margot van den Berg and Robbert van Sluijs

Sabino’s intention to give credit where credit is due, in particular to the Africans who built the West Indian plantation economies from the late seventeenth century onward. Chapter 1, “Hubristic Eurocentrism,” discusses several examples of the impact of European-derived linguistic ideologies of

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Maxine Oland

interactions on indigenous networks and political systems. The case for scalar analysis is argued most directly by Fowler and Card, who state that archaeologies of colonialism should address Orser’s ( 2014 ) “haunts” of modernity (colonialism, mercantilism/capitalism, Eurocentrism, racialization) but that we

Xiaoshi Zhang

political purpose of Western intellectuals’ interpretations of international law in the nineteenth century. Although it was a critical study of the intellectual history of international law and it was anti-Eurocentrism, it was still a critique within the Western framework revealing the illogical and unjust

Simon C. Kemper

palaces alike to reconfigure what war meant to those fighting it. Taking the baton will allow new contributions to the parity debate, which go beyond Eurocentrism and its counterpart Revisionist Model which denies technological divergence between Asia and Europe. This volume addresses the warrior rather

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Edited by Vivienne Lo and Penelope Barrett

A unique collection of 36 chapters on the history of Chinese medical illustrations, this volume will take the reader on a remarkable journey from the imaging of a classical medicine to instructional manuals for bone-setting, to advertising and comic books of the Yellow Emperor. In putting images, their power and their travels at the centre of the analysis, this volume reveals many new and exciting dimensions to the history of medicine and embodiment, and challenges eurocentric histories. At a broader philosophical level, it challenges historians of science to rethink the epistemologies and materialities of knowledge transmission. There are studies by senior scholars from Asia, Europe and the Americas as well as emerging scholars working at the cutting edge of their fields.

Thanks to generous support of the Wellcome Trust, this volume is available in Open Access.

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Edited by Fabrice Bensimon, Deluermoz Quentin and Jeanne Moisand

“Arise Ye Wretched of the Earth” provides a fresh account of the International Working Men’s Association. Founded in London in 1864, the First International gathered trade unions, associations, co-operatives, and individual workers across Europe and the Americas.
The IWMA struggled for the emancipation of labour. It organised solidarity with strikers. It took sides in major events, such as the 1871 Paris Commune. It soon appeared as a threat to European powers, which vilified and prosecuted it. Although it split up in 1872, the IWMA played a ground-breaking part in the history of working-class internationalism.
In our age of globalised capitalism, large labour migration, and rising nationalisms, much can be learnt from the history of the first international labour organisation.

Contributors are: Fabrice Bensimon, Gregory Claeys, Michel Cordillot, Nicolas Delalande, Quentin Deluermoz, Marianne Enckell, Albert Garcia Balaña, Samuel Hayat, Jürgen Herres, François Jarrige, Mathieu Léonard, Carl Levy, Detlev Mares, Krzysztof Marchlewicz, Woodford McClellan, Jeanne Moisand, Iorwerth Prothero, Jean Puissant, Jürgen Schmidt, Antje Schrupp, Horacio Tarcus, Antony Taylor, Marc Vuilleumier.

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Jan Lucassen

narrow Eurocentrism, as amply demonstrated by James Morris Blaut: So Brenner’s theory has this simple geography: there is distance-decay of interest and relevance as we enlarge the scale, from rural England to England as a whole, to Western Europe as a whole, to Europe as a whole, to the world as a whole