* The topic of this article was originally presented at the University of Exeter – Strategy and Security Institute Workshop during the “The Legal Framework of Hybrid Warfare and Influence Operations” seminar, which took place 16–17 September 2015.
** Andres B. Munoz Mosquera would like to thank
’ prescribed under sdg -13 in the context of climate displacement. The article explores the idea of ‘hybrid law’ as a method of integration to address the complexity of the issue of climate displacement within the fragmented international law. Though sdg -13 does not specifically refer to climate
introduces the main features of THL and presents it as a hybrid legal tool at the intersection of two fields: international criminal law, and American structural reform litigation. International criminal law, in theory best adapted to deal with complicity in genocide and other crimes of that nature, has
valorem royalties based on the value (revenue) of production; (3) profit-based royalty or business income tax; (4) economic (resource) rent; and (5) hybrid systems combining a profit- or rent-based system with an ad valorem system, for example. Other approaches include production sharing, joint
the former Yugoslavia for crimes under international law.
And pursuant to bilateral treaties between the UN and Sierra Leone, as well as Cambodia respectively, hybrid international criminal tribunals were established in these countries.
To be sure, these mechanisms can be seen as
and its boundaries unclear’.
The concept of tnl is indeed vague and multi-dimensional, or as formulated by some authors, it is a ‘hybrid’
and metamorphic notion,
or even a ‘work in progress’.
4.2 The Contextualization of Transnational Law with Hydropower Projects
-conflict Liberia. The authors then examine the possibility of using international accountability mechanisms, including the International Criminal Court, an ad hoc international criminal tribunal as well as a hybrid court for Liberia. For various legal and political reasons, the authors conclude that all of these
uneducated, of basic socio-economic necessities to which they are formally entitled under national and international law. In addition to the above articles, this AJLS issue contains two of the three basic legal instruments that underpin the work of the Special Court for Sierra Leone, the “hybrid” UN
) Human Rights Watch AMIS Report, supra, note 65 at 31. 74) Id ., at 39. 75) Id., at 42.
V. O. Nmehielle / African Journal of Legal Studies 4 (2011) 209–224 223 The recent decision by the UN Security Council to authorize a UN and AU hybrid peacekeeping mission in Darfur (UNAMID) 76 accords with the
fundamentally undermining sovereignty itself, either internally (in national law) or externally (in icl ), whether now or in future. From this perspective, the decision to create ad hoc (and even some hybrid) international criminal tribunals, join the icc , or create an African Criminal Court is not related