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The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering

Origin, Development and Content of the Christian Gathering in the First to Third Centuries


Valeriy A. Alikin

Recent research has made a strong case for the view that Early Christian communities, sociologically considered, functioned as voluntary religious associations. This is similar to the practice of many other cultic associations in the Greco-Roman world of the first century CE. Building upon this new approach, along with a critical interpretation of all available sources, this book discusses the social and religio-historical background of the weekly gatherings of Christians and presents a fresh reconstruction of how the weekly gathering originated and developed in both form and content. The topics studied here include the origins of the observance of Sunday as the weekly Christian feast-day, the shape and meaning of the weekly gatherings of the Christian communities, and the rise of customs such as preaching, praying, singing, and the reading of texts in these meetings.

Roman Gods

A Conceptual Approach


Michael Lipka

The book is concerned with the question of how the concept of "god" in urban Rome can be analyzed along the lines of six constituent concepts, i.e. space, time, personnel, function, iconography and ritual. While older publications tended to focus on the conceptual nature of Roman gods only in those (comparatively rare) instances in which different concepts patently overlapped (as in the case of the deified emperor or hero-worship), this book develops general criteria for an analysis of pagan, Jewish and Christian concepts of gods in ancient Rome (and by extension elsewhere). While the argument of the book is exclusively based on the evidence from the capital up to the age of Constantine, in the concluding section the results are compared to other religious belief systems, thus demonstrating the general applicability of this conceptual approach.

Andrey B. Moroz and Alexander V. Pigin

characters of these texts are usually widely revered saints, who have been glorified for a long time, as the oral tradition forms slowly. This group includes a complex of folklore and ritual practices, which, to some degree, explicitly or implicitly, contain information about saints and demonstrate the

Ljubica Jovanović

situation. Rezeptionsgeschichte exposes the active task of interpreting, appropriating, and applying the texts of our manuscripts, whether in academic discourse, religious ritual and sermons, national epic memory, or conscious cultural re-readings in literature, film, or art. Hans Robert Jauss developed his

Pak-Wah Lai

baptismal ritual, whereby a catechumen is baptized three times in the one name of the “undivided Trinity.” 69 Besides this, adds Chrysostom, the Spirit is also divine because He is the active agent in human salvation. Speaking on the rite of baptism, he points out that the Spirit is the only one who


H.A.G. Houghton, C.M. Kreinecker, R.F. MacLachlan and C.J. Smith

A Manuscripts 31 Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, T. 27 sup. Ordo scrutiniorum (a ritual text) including biblical lections. Copied in the eleventh century in North Italy. The original compilation was made at the end of the sixth century. The only Pauline passages are Romans 10:13–17 and 2 Corinthians