crisis because of its efficient production of food energy, year-round availability, tolerance to extreme stress conditions and suitability for small holder systems in Africa (Hahn, 1996). Among starchy staple crops, cassava provides a carbohydrate production approximately 40% higher than rice and 25
interviewees. Efforts towards building a regional network in SSA were undertaken during 2011 (FANRPAN, 2011) and 2013 (PAEPARD, 2013) through the NIESA initiative. However, establishing and maintaining a society and an active network requires energy, willing participants and funding to sustain activity and
proteins remains unchanged (Dhondt et al ., 2016 ). The IIS mutants do not seem to invest in the energy-consuming process of protein turnover to maintain proteostasis. Nevertheless, proteostasis is well maintained during adulthood in these mutants (Walther et al ., 2015 ).
Investment in fat and
ease of interpretation. The data presented represent an average across two independent assays.
SPT-enol is known (Bayer CropScience, pers. comm.) to be a lipid biosynthesis inhibitor (LBI). Nematodes have stored lipids that they use as a source of energy (Perry et al. , 2013 ). As nematodes