for civil allegations only,
so in theory they can be investigated and prosecuted by Somali authorities for crimes committed in country. However, the majority of AMISOM personnel are military, and military personnel are subject to the exclusive criminal jurisdiction of the sending state. It
by what the pps determined was their legal and moral authority. This was reflected in the case of Jaloud, in which the armed forces of the Netherlands were subject to a duty to respect the laws of Iraq and could not intervene in its internal affairs. 46 This duty was in fact experienced as a
how police militarization can contribute to stabilization and the protection of people in conflict and post-conflict zones. For David Bayley, democratic police agencies are responsive to the public, subject to the rule of law, protective of human rights, and transparent.
has featured prominently in the peace and conflict literature are liberation and separatist movements. Such groups have increased in prominence to the point that their claims and relations to states is the subject of significant debates in international law. Benedict Kingsbury identified three general