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Harley Balzer and Jon Askonas

Russia and China both are endeavoring to transform Soviet-style R&D systems characterized by separate education, research and business spheres into something more suited to a knowledge economy supporting innovation. The Triple Helix model is an attractive configuration, derived from the practices of the most successful innovation systems, and suggesting that the three key actors—universities, business, and the state—might in some instances substitute for each other. A model placing the state at the center appeals to non-democratic regimes and countries endeavoring to catch up with OECD nations.

We compare the Chinese and Russian efforts to implement a Triple Helix program by examining institutional change, epistemic communities, funding, and the role of the state, with nanotechnology as a case study. While both nations have introduced major programs and allocated significant funding, we find that China has been vastly more successful than Russia in promoting collaboration among universities, business, and government to advance research and innovation. We attribute the difference to the quality of state policies that provide incentives for agents and epistemic communities to alter their behavior, an outcome facilitated by conditions at the beginning of reforms, which made the Chinese far more open to learning.

The Portrait of Matteo Ricci

A Mirror of Western Religious and Chinese Literati Portrait Painting

César Guillen-Nuñez

currents of Chinese portraiture of the period are identified, as are relevant features that derive from late sixteenth-century Counter-Reformation portraiture in Europe. Certain aspects of Ricci’s contribution to Chinese science are also discussed, as they shed light both on the personality of the

Anthony Butler

: if Chinese science, when it was very poorly equipped and lacked contact with the larger world scientific community, could produce something as significant as artemisinin, what then can it achieve now that it can afford the very best equipment and has a highly trained and ambitious scientific

in Medieval China , has been accepted for publication with the University of Pennsylvania Press (forthcoming Spring 2014). NATHAN SIVIN is Professor Emeritus at the University of Pennsylvania. He is the author of several fundamental studies in the history of Chinese science, religion, and medicine

Frederik Vermote

global sociology of corporations. Anna Winterbottom, in her analysis of the intersections of science and global trading companies, also touches upon the Jesuits. Winterbottom emphasizes the Jesuit contributions to the fields of astronomy and mathematics and their role in connecting European and Chinese


Edited by Vivienne Lo and Penelope Barrett

A unique collection of 36 chapters on the history of Chinese medical illustrations, this volume will take the reader on a remarkable journey from the imaging of a classical medicine to instructional manuals for bone-setting, to advertising and comic books of the Yellow Emperor. In putting images, their power and their travels at the centre of the analysis, this volume reveals many new and exciting dimensions to the history of medicine and embodiment, and challenges eurocentric histories. At a broader philosophical level, it challenges historians of science to rethink the epistemologies and materialities of knowledge transmission. There are studies by senior scholars from Asia, Europe and the Americas as well as emerging scholars working at the cutting edge of their fields.

Thanks to generous support of the Wellcome Trust, this volume is available in Open Access.

Jun Wang

, J. Farquhar / Asian Medicine 5 (2009) 57–79 and provided a conceptual language that informed many indigenous Chinese sciences and technologies. Classical cosmology was intertwined—sometimes only implicitly—with clinical practice in all medical work. It was only com- paratively recently, really in

Michael A. Peters

883 academic journals (25%). Large scholarly publishers such as China Science Publishing Group Co., Ltd ( cspg ) and Social Sciences Academic Press ( ssap ) of Chinese Association of Social Science ( cass ), account for the massive growth of 18% pa 1999–2008 in scientific papers (Zhang et al., 2002

Ye-Ming Cheng, Yu-Fei Wang, Feng-Xiang Liu, Yue-Gao Jin, R. C. Mehrotra, Xiao-Mei Jiang and Cheng-Sen Li

Edited by E.A. Wheeler

Yuanmou Basin, Yunnan, China. Yunnan Institute of Geological Sciences, Kunming. Yunnan Geol. (Supplement) , 96 pp. (in Chinese with English abstract) . Jiang XM , Cheng YM , Yin YF . 2010 . Atlas of gymnosperm woods of China . Science Press , Beijing , 490 pp. (Chinese