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Harley Balzer and Jon Askonas

Russia and China both are endeavoring to transform Soviet-style R&D systems characterized by separate education, research and business spheres into something more suited to a knowledge economy supporting innovation. The Triple Helix model is an attractive configuration, derived from the practices of the most successful innovation systems, and suggesting that the three key actors—universities, business, and the state—might in some instances substitute for each other. A model placing the state at the center appeals to non-democratic regimes and countries endeavoring to catch up with OECD nations.

We compare the Chinese and Russian efforts to implement a Triple Helix program by examining institutional change, epistemic communities, funding, and the role of the state, with nanotechnology as a case study. While both nations have introduced major programs and allocated significant funding, we find that China has been vastly more successful than Russia in promoting collaboration among universities, business, and government to advance research and innovation. We attribute the difference to the quality of state policies that provide incentives for agents and epistemic communities to alter their behavior, an outcome facilitated by conditions at the beginning of reforms, which made the Chinese far more open to learning.

Series:

Natalija Majsova

: Cambridge University Press , 2010 . Suvin Darko . Russian Science Fiction 1956–1974 . Elizabethtown, NY : Dragon Press , 1976 . Thompson Kristin . Breaking the glass armor: neoformalist film analysis . Princeton : Princeton University Press , 1988 . Tvroscosmos . Accessed 9 April 2016, http

Dmitry I. Makarov

project Nr 16-18-10202, History of the Logical and Philosophical Ideas in Byzantine Philosophy and Theology, implemented with a financial support of the Russian Science Foundation. 2 Ἰ.Δ. Πολέμης, “Εἰσαγωγή”, in: Θεόδωρος Μετοχίτης, Ἠθικὸς ἢ περὶ παιδείας , ed. Ἰ.Δ. Πολέμης (Κείμενα βυζαντινῆς

Aleksey Kamenskikh

Russian Science Foundation. Besides, I would like to thank Alexander Simonov for his precious help. 2 W. Benjamin, Selected Writings, vol. 4 (1938-1940), eds. M.W. Jennings, M. Bullock, H. Eiland, G. Smith, Cambridge, MA, 2003, pp. 397, 401-402. 3 W. Benjamin, Selected Writings, vol. 4, p. 402

Dmitry Chernoglazov, Grigory Benevich, Arkadi Choufrine, Oksana Goncharko and Timur Schukin

research was carried out with a financial support of the Russian Science Foundation, project 18-18-00134. D. Jenkins, “Psellos’ Conceptual Precision,” in: C. Barber, D. Jenkins, Reading Michael Psellos, Leiden – Boston, 2006, pp. 131-151. J.F. Boissonade, Michael

Maria S. Morozova

ras , SPbSU), the anonymous reviewers, and to the editor-in-chief of the journal Henning Schreiber for their insightful comments on an earlier draft of this article. This research was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (Grant No. 14-18-01405). References Banović Branko . 2015