Porphyry and Black Magic In ancient Persia the Zoroastrian priests’ knowledge included philosophy, religion, astronomy, mathematics, and they referred to it simply as maghavan , which means magic . The magician, thanks to his scholarship and his practices, not only knows the forces and energies
Yvon van der Pijl and Karina Goulordava
of the Netherlands, accompanied by numerous men and women dressed in costume as Black Pete ( Zwarte Piet ). They are eagerly greeted by thousands of Dutch people, children and adults alike, who have waited impatiently several weeks for their arrival. After the official welcoming event, most Dutch
Styling Africanness in Amsterdam
Marleen de Witte
Introduction Who is an African? What does it mean to be African in Europe? Is African the same as Afro? Are black people automatically African? These questions are hotly debated among young people in Amsterdam today. On online discussion fora, Facebook pages, and blogs, and in
The AME Church in the Dominican Republic 1899–1916
Christina Cecelia Davidson
In 1916, the African Methodist Episcopal ( AME ) Church—a historically black Church founded in 1816 in the United States—was one of several Protestant denominations growing rapidly in the Dominican Republic as thousands of laborers from the British Caribbean migrated to sugar plantations in
and what was happening “on the ground.” If slaves were to be held publically accountable, they had to be brought to the law’s attention. That did not always happen. And even when it did, courts sometimes ruled on the slaves’ behalf or chose to dismiss the cases against them (Elsa Goveia in Lazarus-Black
Torfinn Jahren, Torstein Storaas, Tomas Willebrand, Pål Fossland Moa and Bjørn-Roar Hagen
Introduction Long-term declines in population densities of capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus ) and black grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix ) have been documented from continental Europe, the British Isles and throughout the continuous boreal forests of Fennoscandia (Wegge, 1979 ; Lindén & Rajala, 1981
[First paragraph]The Rastafarians: sounds of cultural dissonance [revised and updated editionj. LEONARD E. BARRETT, SR. Boston: Beacon Press, 1988. xviii + 302 pp. (Paper US$ 11.95)Rasta and resistance: from Marcus Garvey to Walter Rodney. HORACE CAMPBELL. Trenton NJ: Africa World Press, 1987. xiii + 236 pp. (Cloth US$32.95, Paper US$ 10.95)Garvey's children: the legacy of Marcus Garvey. TONY SEWELL. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1990. 128 pp. (Paper £ 17.95)The central theme linking these three titles is the evolution of a black identity among English-speaking Caribbean peoples, in particular Jamaicans. Consequently all three authors cover the two most important historical phenomena in Caribbean black nationalism, namely Garveyism and Rastafari, one focusing on the former and the other two focusing on the latter.
Charles Reavis Price
Describes the development of Ethiopianism, and illustrates its ideological and thematic content and manifestations, especially focusing on Jamaica, while also referring to the US and South Africa. First, the author outlines the content of Ethiopianism, describing how it is pro-black, contests white hegemony, colonialism, poverty and oppression, looks at Africa, and points at black people's redemption. Therefore the Bible is reread, Africa (Ethiopia) the holy land, and God considered black. He discusses Ethiopianism's early origins in the slavery period, and how it could take political as well as non-political, mental forms. Author points at the 1865 Morant Bay Rebellion as the vital link in developing Ethiopianism in Jamaica, and then describes 3 groups/movements embodying the movement: the influence of the preacher Bedward and his teachings against black oppression, Marcus Garvey's teachings and activities for black progress, and the first Rastafarians between 1930 and 1938, who were in part influenced by Bedward and Garvey.
Tanya L. Saunders, Cuban Underground Hip Hop: Black Thoughts, Black Revolution, Black Modernity . Austin: University of Texas Press, 2016. x + 356 pp. (Paper US$ 29.95) Cuban Underground Hip Hop delivers an intimate history of hip hop in Cuba between 1996 and 2006. Tanya Saunders combines field
A word list of 3,343 items with Standard Thai, English and Vietnamese glosses was used for eliciting the Black Tai or Tai Dam language data at each of the twelve research sites: ten in northern Vietnam, one in northern Laos, and one in central Thaialnd. The data collected at two villages in Muong Vat could not be used for a reconstruction of Old Black Tai phonological system and a lexicon because on a phonological basis and a lexical basis, the Tai dialect of Muong Vat is not Black Tai, especially the one spoken at Ban Phat, Chieng Pan sub-district and Ban Coc Lac, Tu Nang sub-district, Son La province, Vietnam.