Historiography has long considered states and other organizations central actors in the making of history. Migrants, men and women and sometimes children, cross state borders in pursuit of life-projects or, at the minimum, to secure incomes. Involuntary migrants, refugees, exiles, those escaping natural disasters also cross borders. So do forced migrants from slaves and indentured servants in the past, to trafficked human beings in the present. All use their agency to re-establish life-courses, re-unite with family, re-construct social networks or innovatively create new ones.
Global migration history is political history; imperial formations from antiquity up to the modern period depended on the (voluntary and involuntary) circulation of people ranging from administrative and military elites to deportees and slaves. Migrants change statewide history by withdrawing their capabilities from one unsatisfactory polity and adding it to another. They seek options to invest their human capital. Global migration history is also economic history – the mercantile entanglements across ancient and medieval Afro-Eurasia, the 17th- and 18th-century world system, the plantation belt and extractive industries in particular, and 20th and 21st century global capitalism would not have existed without forced migration of slaves and the voluntary migrations of merchants, laborers, and the owners of capital. States militarily sustained this order. In the present, whole states are dependent on migrants’ remittances, other societies on the caregiving labor of migrants. Furthermore, economic and political regimes shape and are shaped by gendered conceptions of mobile people in ways that have produced different experiences for women and men. Migration is and has been global, macro-regional, and micro-regional – the levels interact across continents. Migrants’ lives and the societies they change or, even, create, are transcultural.
The peer-reviewed book series Studies in Global Migration History emphasizes research that addresses migrants’ agency that neither begins nor ends in only one location. It intends to replace traditional centeredness on Europe by perspectives including all macro-regions of the world and movements between them. It also aims to expand the common focus of migration history beyond the modern period with studies targeting earlier centuries and millennia across the globe. The series privileges interdisciplinary approaches and studies of uneven developments of societies and regions.
Brill Open offers you the choice to make your research freely accessible online in exchange for a Publication Charge. This can be by choice or to comply with funding mandates or university requirements. Brill offers various options of Open Access; for more information please go to the
Brill Open webpage.
recognised in recent debates scrutinising the artificial boundaries between categories.
This introduction provides a helicopter view of the history of ngo activity in West-European migration governance in the period from the 1860s until the present day in all four policy domains, as well as those
individually based. Consequently, social memory is strengthened through the use of written local historical source material whereas the present is understood through the personal interpretation of the past and earlier occurrences. In treating memory as a cultural rather than an individual faculty, Connerton
, for instance, was as multi-ethnic as the Hapsburg Empire.
The successor states that emerged in Europe included large populations from ‘master nations’ such as Germans, Hungarians and Russians, who, as the previously dominant nationalities, began to present a problem of integration for the
the Finnish Language and Culture from the 1890s to 1920s 160 Juha Meriläinen Volume 5, no. 2 Articles
ngo s and West European Migration Governance (1860s until Present): Introduction to a Special Issue 189 Marlou Schrover, Teuntje Vosters and Irial Glynn Non-Governmental Organisations and Legitimacy
While the refugee issue was at the centre of a growing literature, many historians prioritised institutional histories, or engaged with information on groups and individuals presented through the prism of institutional archives such as those of the League of Nations or the unhcr .
Fund and Greek National Resources (2012–2015).
We will try to present the variety of relations and collaborations that icem established with national and international stakeholders. 2 The Impetus for Global Regulation Mark Mazower’s inspirational account of the birth and expansion of a
What students in Yugoslavia and their international peers had in common was their rebellion against existing socio-political structures and the conservatism of the post-war order. The Yugoslav students presented a broad left-wing critique, in this case of a system that considered itself socialist. They
voluntarily. According to Philip Curtin, the decision to migrate there could only have been motivated by a ‘deadly mix of ignorance and coercion’.
The present article contributes to the literature by studying the economic incentives that craftsmen employed by the Royal African Company (hereafter: rac
scattered throughout the new Soviet state’s neighbours.
Russian refugees presented an apparently insoluble set of issues for the League of Nations – they belonged to an extant state, but could not return there. Territorial solutions were therefore not on offer, and Russian refugees were encouraged to