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Siglind Bruhn

In 1923, the twenty-seven-year-old Paul Hindemith published a composition for voice and piano, entitled Das Marienleben, based on Rainer Maria Rilke's poetic cycle of 1912. Twenty-five years later, the composer presented a thoroughly revised, partially rewritten version. The outcome of this revision has been highly controversial. Ever since its first publication, musicologists have argued for or against the value of such a decisive rewriting. They do so both by comparing the two compositions on purely musical grounds, and by attempting to assess whether the more strictly organized tonal layout and dynamic structuring of Marienleben II is more or less appropriate for the topic of a poetic cycle on the Life of Mary.
This study is the first to analyze the messages conveyed in the two versions with an emphasis on their implicit aesthetic, philosophical, and spiritual significance. Acknowledging the compositions as examples of musical ekphrasis (“a representation in one artistic medium of a message originally composed in another medium”), the author argues in exhaustive detail that the young Hindemith of 1922-23 and the mature composer of 1941-48 can be seen as setting two somewhat different poetic cycles.
This volume is of interest for musicologists and music lovers, scholars of German literature and lovers of Rilke’s poetry, as well as for readers interested in the interartistic relationships of music and literature.

Marginal Voices, Marginal Forms

Diaries in European Literature and History

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Edited by Rachael Langford and Russell West

Diaristic writing has often been relegated to the fringes of literary studies as a marginal cultural activity. This volume seeks to challenge that marginality by exploring some of the wide-ranging forms of literary practice encompassed by diaristic writing in Europe from the Renaissance to the present day. The volume deals with questions of the value and status of the diary, of the functioning of the diary in society and history, and of the reception and interpretation of the multifarious forms of first-person daily writing. The volume investigates diaries across national borders and linguistic boundaries, so as to make the hitherto marginal place of the private journal a site of fruitful interdisciplinary encounters. Australian, British, Catalonian, French, German and Italian critics examine diaries dating from the sixteenth to the twentieth century, within the context of the literature, history and literary history of Catalonia, England, France, Germany and Italy. A prime concern of the essays in this collection is to highlight the cultural, generic and historical diversity of the diary, while emphasising the points of convergence between different texts and differing critical approaches to the texts. The volume will be of interest to students and teachers of European and comparative literature.

Au ras du texte

Douze études sur la littérature française de l’après-guerre

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Evert van der Starre

Le présent recueil offre douze études d'Evert van der Starre sur la littérature française de l'après-guerre. L'approche d'Evert van der Starre pourrait être qualifiée de ce que Jean-Pierre Richard appelle la “microlecture”, - une lecture qui, sans pour autant rejeter toute théorisation littéraire, s'attache à l'analyse minutieuse du texte. Cette lecture “au ras du texte” s'opère selon quelques centres d'intérêt privilégiés : le rôle de l'Histoire et sa “littéralisation”, les aspects ludiquement problématiques de l'écriture et la non moins problématique zone de tension qui, en littérature, existe entre convention et originalité.
C'est selon cette triple optique qu'Evert van der Starre consacre les deux premières sections de ce recueil à l'analyse de deux auteurs: Raymond Queneau et Marguerite Yourcenar, “bien étonnés de se trouver ensemble”. Bien étonnés aussi, sans doute, de voir traiter leurs oeuvres avec une perspicacité critique, qui, trop souvent, fait défaut dans les études quéniennes et yourcenariennes à tendance hagiographique. La troisième section offre une série de sondages profonds, qui, à partir de l'analyse précise de tel aspect ou de telle partie de l'oeuvre, vise à jeter sur son ensemble des éclairages nouveaux. Sont ainsi étudiés: le célèbre monologue de Lucky dans En attendant Godot, un poème de René Char, Graal Flibuste de Robert Pinget, La vie sur Epsilon de Claude Ollier. Le chapitre sur Marie Redonnet fait quelque peu exception parce qu'il procède par la méthode inverse: une perspective plus large sur son oeuvre permet d'en détailler de façon fructueuse les différentes parties.

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Edited by Anton H. Touber

Le rayonnement des troubadours, ce phénomène fascinant qui a fait de la lyrique troubadouresque l'élément générateur de la poésie amoureuse européenne, est encore loin d'être connu dans tous ses détails. Les voies de diffusion des poésies des troubadours se perdent souvent dans la nuit des temps.
Du point de vue chronologique, nous nous situons à une époque marquée par une véritable explosion démographique, par la mobilité croissante de la population et un certain renouveau spirituel. Telles sont les forces motrices des voyages incessants des élites spirituelle, politique et intellectuelle éuropéennes. La célèbre 'reine des troubadours', Aliénor d'Aquitaine, a contourné - quant aux kilomètres parcourus - plusieurs fois le globe. Elle a traversé toute l'Europe, et ses voyages l'ont menée jusqu'à Antioche lors de la seconde croisade. Pendant tous ces déplacements, la reine d'Aquitaine a pris soin de cultiver son rôle de protectrice et mécène des arts en général et de la poésie des troubadours en particulier; et, la plupart du temps, elle se faisait accompagner par ses poètes et musiciens attitrés. Parmi la noblesse voyageuse, beaucoup l'imitaient.
La poésie des troubadours s'est répandue en Catalogne, dans le nord de l'Italie et en Sicile, dans la France du nord, en Allemagne, en Autriche, en Suisse, en Galice et au Portugal. Cette influence a fait naître dans ces pays une lyrique nationale qui a été étudiée de différentes manières. Le présent livre se présente comme une tentative pour expliquer la naissance de la lyrique européenne, afin de poser les fondations des futures recherches.

Disremembering the Dictatorship

The Politics of Memory in the Spanish Transition to Democracy

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Edited by Joan Ramon Resina

Most accounts of the Spanish transition to democracy have been celebratory exercises at the service of a stabilizing rather than a critical project of far-reaching reform. As one of the essays in this volume puts it, the “pact of oblivion,” which characterized the Spanish transition to democracy, curtailed any serious attempt to address the legacies of authoritarianism that the new democracy inherited from the Franco era. As a result, those legacies pervaded public discourse even in newly created organs of opinion. As another contributor argues, the Transition was based on the erasure of memory and the invention of a new political tradition. On the other hand, memory and its etiolation have been an object of reflection for a number of film directors and fiction writers, who have probed the return of the repressed under spectral conditions.
Above all, this book strives to present memory as a performative exercise of democratic agents and an open field for encounters with different, possibly divergent, and necessarily fragmented recollections. The pact of the Transition could not entirely disguise the naturalization of a society made of winners and losers, nor could it ensure the consolidation of amnesia by political agents and by the tools that create hegemony by shaping opinion. Spanish society is haunted by the specters of a past it has tried to surmount by denying it. It seems unlikely that it can rid itself of its ghosts without in the process undermining the democracy it sought to legitimate through the erasure of memories and the drowning of witnesses' voices in the cacaphony of triumphant modernization.

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Edited by Ana María Fraile

Coinciding with the preparations for the celebration in 2008 of Richard Wright’s 100th birthday, this new collection of critical essays on Native Son attests to the importance and endurance of Wright’s controversial work. The eleven essays collected in this volume engage the objective of Rodopi’s Dialogue Series by creating multidirectional conversations in which senior and younger scholars interact with each other and with previous scholars who have weighed in on the novel’s import. Speaking from distant corners of the world, the contributors to this book reflect an international interest in Wright’s unique combination of literary strategies and social aims. The wide range of approaches to Native Son is presented in five thematic sections. The first three sections cover aspects such as the historical reception of Wright’s novel, the inscription of sex and gender both in Native Son and in other African American texts, and the influence of Africa and of vortical symbolism on Wright’s aesthetics; following is the study of the novel from the point of view of its adoption and transformation of various literary genres—the African American jeremiad, the protest novel, the crime novel and courtroom drama, the Bildungsroman, and the Biblical modes of narration. The closing section analyzes the novel’s lasting influence through its adaptation to other artistic fields, such as the cinema and song in the form of hip-hop. The present volume may, therefore, be of interest for students who are not very familiar with Wright’s classic text as well as for scholars and Richard Wright specialists.

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Edited by Karl Simms

This volume contains nineteen essays — eighteen here presented for the first time — exploring the question of subjectivity as seen from an ethical perspective. Part I concerns the phenomenological development of Cartesianism and the concept of narrative identity, with essays addressing Levinas' idea of the Other, Ricoeur's Christianisation of Levinas, and Dennet's concept of folk psychology. Part II concerns the experience of reading ethically, as mediated through genealogy and psychoanalysis. The essays address the discourses of philosophy, psychoanalysis, film and literature, and are informed by Nietzsche, Freud, Foucault and Lacan among others. The volume will interest philosophers and critical theorists. Karl Simms provides comprehensive introductions to each of the parts, making the book accessible to informed general readers with an interest in cultural studies.

Cognition in Emotion

An Investigation through Experiences with Art

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Tone Roald

Emotions are essential for human existence, both lighting the way toward the brightest of achievements and setting the course into the darkness of suffering. Not surprisingly, then, emotion research is currently one of the hottest topics in the field of psychology. Yet to divine the nature of emotion is a complex and extensive task. In this book emotions are approached thought an exploration of the nature of cognition in emotion; the nature of thoughts in feelings. Different approaches to emotions are explored, from brain research to research at the level of experience, and it is argued that all approaches must seriously take into account the experiential dimension. A qualitative study of experiences with art is therefore presented, as emotions and cognition are often expressed in experiences with art. It is the first study of its kind. Descriptions of various affective phenomena are then given which have significant implications for contemporary debates about emotions, resolving several contemporary controversies.

Constellation Caliban

Figurations of a Character

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Edited by Nadia Lie and Theo D'haen

We are now in the Age of Caliban rather than in the Time of Ariel or the Era of Prospero, Harold Bloom claimed in 1992. Bloom was specifically referring to Caliban's rising popularity as the prototype of the colonised or repressed subject, especially since the 1980s. However, already earlier the figure of Caliban had inspired artists from the most divergent backgrounds: Robert Browning, Ernest Renan, Aimé Césaire, and Peter Greenaway, to name only some of the better known.
Much has already been published on Caliban, and there exist a number of excellent surveys of this character's appearance in literature and the other arts. The present collection does not aim to trace Caliban over the ages. Rather, Constellation Caliban intends to look at a number of specific refigurations of Caliban. What is the Caliban-figure's role and function within a specific work of art? What is its relation to the other signifiers in that work of art? What interests are invested in the Caliban-figure, what values does it represent or advocate? Whose interests and values are these?
These and similar questions guided the contributors to the present volume. In other words, what one finds here is not a study of origins, not a genealogy, not a reception-study, but rather a fascinating series of case studies informed by current theoretical debate in areas such as women's studies, sociology of literature and of the intellectuals, nation-formation, new historicism, etc.
Its interdisciplinary approach and its attention to matters of multi-culturalism make Constellation Caliban into an unusually wide ranging and highly original contribution to Shakespeare-studies. The book should appeal to students of English Literature, Modern European Literature, Comparative Literature, Drama or Theatre Studies, and Cultural Studies, as well as to anyone interested in looking at literature within a broad social and historical context while still appreciating detailed textual analyses.

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Edited by Karl Simms

This volume contains nineteen essays — eighteen here presented for the first time — exploring the question of subjectivity as seen from a linguistic perspective. Part I concerns the relationship between the linguistic subject, particularly the grammatical first person, and the subject in more general sense of ‘person'. Topics covered include deixis, verbal marking and temporalisation, and performatives. Part II concerns the relationship of subjectivity to the experience of reading, and as such considers the semiotics of both literary and non-literary texts, inter-modal representation, authorship and intertextuality. The essays in the volume are principally influenced by the thinking of Saussure, Jakobson, Guillaume, Benveniste, Wittgenstein, Barthes and Deleuze, and the book will appeal to scholars with an interest in theoretical linguistics, semiotics, discourse, analysis and philosophy of language. Karl Simms provides comprehensive introductions to each of the parts, making the book accessible to inform general readers with an interest in cultural and communication studies.