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Ancient Greek Dance. Three preliminary studies

Frits Naerebout

This book is not another history of the dance in ancient Greece, but wants to lay the groundwork on which such a history should properly be build. The three preliminary studies offered here are, first, an extensive historiography of the subject which seeks to illuminate where we stand at present in reference to the large amount of work done on ancient Greek dance for the past 500 years. Secondly, an exercise in source criticism, embracing both texts and imagery, in order to establish the limits to which we can push any investigation, and thirdly, an attempt at model building to provide an explicit theoretical framework for future research. This is the first time that some of the approaches of the new dance scholarship which has arisen during the past few decades have been systematically applied to the dancing of the ancient world.

Henrik Brenkman, Jurist and Classicist

A Chapter from the History of Roman Law as Part of the Classical Tradition

Bernard H. Stolte jr

When the Emperor Justinian promulgated the Digest in 533, he faced the task of providing the court and universities with texts of this part of his codification. Of over 70 manuscripts that must have been produced on that occasion, one may have survived: the so-called codex Florentinus, now in the Biblioteca Laurenziana.
Although itself imperfect, and despite doubts entertained by some as to its precise age, it is the principal source of our knowledge of the Justinian text.
Few scholars have devoted more time and energy to a study of this manuscript than the Dutch jurist Henrik Brenkman (1681-1736). His notebooks, the fruits of a lifetime’s work in preparation of a Digest edition on the basis of the codex Florentinus, have been preserved and are now in the State and University Library of Göttingen. Brenkman’s untimely death prevented the completion of that edition, but the notebooks offer an excellent view of his methods and results. As such their interest is twofold: they demonstrate the way in which the problem of editing a legal text was tackled in the early XVIIIth century, and they contain information still of importance for a present-day student of the Digest text.
This book studies Brenkman and his notebooks from these two points of view. It emphasizes the fact that we see philological work carried out by someone who had been trained to be a lawyer. It also deals with some questions that are still being asked by students of the manuscript tradition of the Digest. Its main purpose, however, is to try and place Brenkman in the history of scholarship, and it argues, as is to be concluded from the subtitle, that both jurists and classicists ought to be interested in Brenkman’s life and work.

The Julio-Claudian Succession

Reality and Perception of the "Augustan Model"

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Edited by Alisdair Gibson

This collection of essays considers the challenging questions around the formation, establishment and continuation of the Julio-Claudian principate from the coming to power of Augustus. Augustus laid down the ground rules for a princeps, and the essays explore the subsequent transition of power, and how the succession and subsequent rule manifested itself, even though there was no formal mechanism for such a transfer. These essays fully utilize the extant literary, epigraphic, numismatic and visual record to evaluate Augustus’ “political legacy”. The representation, and retention, of power was a critical issue for the princeps and his subjects, and the contributors provide fresh political and literary analysis of aspects of the principates of Augustus, Tiberius, Claudius and Nero.

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James Beresford

Providing a comprehensive examination of the capacity of ancient ships and seafarers to cope with seasonally changing sea conditions, this book draws on a wide range of ancient literary sources while also taking account of modern weather records, hydrological data, and recent archaeological discoveries. Taking a fresh look at the various ways in which seasonality affected maritime transport across the sea-lanes of the ancient world, this book offers new perspectives on the nature of seaborne trade, naval warfare and piratical operations. The result is a volume that questions many long-held scholarly assumptions concerning the strength and seaworthiness of ancient vessels, as well as the abilities of Greek and Roman mariners, to regularly undertake voyages across hazardous stretches of sea.

Herodotus’ Autopsy of the Fayoum

Lake Moeris and the Labyrinth of Egypt

O.K. Armayor

From Strabo and Diodorus to Petrie and the pre-sent we have tried to build Herodotus' vast, mysterious, funerary Egyptian Labyrinth and great, man-made Lake Moeris with all manner of pyramids into the Middle-Kingdom ruins of the Fayoum basin, all on the hopeful assumption that Herodotus must have gone to the fifth-century Fayoum merely because he said so. This book constitutes a fundamental re-assessment of the problem and the implications.

Energeia

Studies on Ancient History and Epigraphy presented to H.W. Pleket

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Johan Strubbe

Strubbe, J.H.M. (ed.) Energeia. Studies on Ancient History and Epigraphy presented to H.W. Pleket. 1996
Contents: EBERT, J.: Neue griechische historische Epigramme. GARNSEY, P.: Prolegomenon to a Study of the Land in the Later Roman Empire. HARRIS, W.V.: Writing and Literacy in the Archaic Greek City. HERRMANN, P.: Milet unter Augustus. Erkentnisse aus einem Inschriften-Neufund. KLOFT, H.: Überlegungen zum Luxus in der frühen römischen Kaiserzeit. KOLB, F.: Stadt und Land im antiken Kleinasien: der Testfall Kyaneai. MIGEOTTE, L.: Les finances des cités grecques au-delà du primitivisme et du modernisme. PETZL, G.: Vom Wert alter Inschriftenkopien.
DMAHA 16 (1996), 198 p. + 2 pocket maps. Cloth. - 40.00 EURO, ISBN: 9050634265

Constructions of Greek Past

Identity and Historical Consciousness from Antiquity to the Present

Edited by Hero Hokwerda

In May 1999, a second conference of Hellenists (of all periods and subject areas) from the Dutch-speaking countries was organized in Groningen. The theme of this second conference was ‘Constructions of Greek Past. Identity and Historical Consciousness from Antiquity to the Present.’ The conference theme was described as follows:

When seeking to establish its own identity, a culture (country, people, nation) readily resorts to its own history, which it uses either as an example or as something to react against. In recent years there has been a growing awareness that this process often reveals more about a culture in the present day than the historical era to which it harks back: its own identity, and thus its own history, are ‘constructed’ in this way. The constructional approach is usually applied to the birth of new nation states and the development of their national ideologies, particularly in the nineteenth century. But it can be applied more broadly too.

Greek culture is an excellent subject area for studying this phenomenon even further back in history, precisely because its history is so long and included several ‘Golden Ages’ to which later periods could (and can) hark back. Greek culture still presents itself as a product of Ancient Greek and/or Byzantine culture. However, the problem of continuity in Greek culture has frequently manifested itself, particularly during periods of radical political, ideological or demographic change.

The Homeric influence on the Mycenaean world is therefore also an aspect of this phenomenon. The Homeric world served as an example for later periods, as did the Attic period for the Greeks in the Hellenistic-Roman age. The tensions between the Hellenistic and Roman character of the Greek world had a strong influence on the shaping of the Greek identity during late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Those tensions still exist today (ellenismós/ellenikótita v. romiosyni).


The theme was designed to bring together Hellenists of all periods and disciplines (literature, language, history, archaeology, ecclesiastical history, sociology etc.) relating to the Greek world. The colloquium sessions were held in Dutch, but the papers are published in English (two in French).

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Edited by William V. Harris and Giovanni Ruffini

As one of the greatest cities of antiquity, Alexandria has always been a severe challenge to its historians, all the more so because the surviving evidence, material and textual, is so disparate. New archaeological and literary discoveries and the startling diversity of ancient Alexandria (so reminiscent of some modern cities) add to the interest. The present volume contains the papers given at a conference at Columbia University in 2002 which attempted to lay some of the foundations for a new history of Alexandria by considering, in particular, its position between the traditions and life of Egypt on the one hand, and on the other the immigrants who came there from Greece and elsewhere in the wake of the founder Alexander of Macedon.

The Mills-Bakeries of Ostia

Description and Interpretation

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Edited by Jan Theo Bakker

The ruins of Ostia, main harbour of Imperial Rome, were uncovered in the late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century. In the present volume the remains of three buildings used for the milling of grain and baking of bread (pistrina) are studied according to modern archaeological standards. A detailed analysis of the architecture and masonry allows a description of the installation and vicissitudes of the pistrina. Subsequently the distribution of these buildings in the city and their place in the neighbourhood is studied. The technical achievement of the Ostian bakers is assessed. Although water-power was sometimes used in Roman grain-mills, this was not the case in Ostia. This in turn affects estimates of the output of the pistrina. Nevertheless the amount of bread that was produced must have been considerably higher than that in Pompeii, where many small bakeries have been preserved. No remains of bakeries have ever been found in Rome or Constantinople, but it may be assumed that the average bakery in these cities did not differ much from the Ostian workshops. Involvement of the fisc with the Ostian bakers has already been suggested by Bakker in Living and Working with the Gods. The role of the Emperor is dealt with in this volume once more. The Ostian corpus pistorum presumably fed Imperial slaves and the local fire-brigade. There are good reasons to assume that Ostia, like Rome, knew distributions of free grain.

Series:

W.K. Pritchett

The author's second volume on Pausanias focuses on a collection of over fifty examples where Pausanias is alleged by modern scholars to have made errors in his topographical descriptions of sites and monuments, debating the pros and cons. He vindicates the Periegetes in most cases, finding his most serious error is duplicated in Strabo and Pliny. Tables are offered of figures where distances are given in stades, leading to the observation that various scholars independently hypothesize that alphabetical numerals, easily corruptable, were used at some stage in the transmission of the text. Following his earlier study of wooden cult statues, called xoana, the author collects examples of other statues of wood where the word is not used, noting that wooden statues of athletes are attested as early as 544 BC. Tables of bronze statues are also presented, leading to the conclusion that, although favored by the Romans as booty in war, many bronzes by famous artists still remained in Greece in the second century of our era. A third chapter is devoted to Pausanias' description of ruins, including towns and temples. The Periegete reported more ruins in Arkadia than in any other province. A final chapter collects Pausanias' record of sixty-one festivals and panegyreis. This book will be of interest to topographers, art-historians, and students of Greek religion.