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Vorstellen und Darstellen

Szenen einer medienanthropologischen Theorie des Geistes

Eva Schürmann

Wie macht sich der Geist ein Bild von der Welt? – Vermittels Darstellungen. In Texten und Bildern, Filmen und Aufführungen werden Vorstellungen präsentiert, die wie allgegenwärtige Zwischenglieder zwischen uns und den anderen fungieren. Gleichgültig, ob wir etwas erzählen oder ein Bild ins Netz stellen, ob wir Zeitung lesen oder Filme schauen, stets sind es Darstellungen, die Auffassungsweisen vergegenwärtigen.
Schürmann suspendiert anhand einer Theorie des Vorstellens und Darstellens sowie der Analyse spezifischer Darstellungspraxen – wie etwa der legendären Rodney King-Affäre, die angesichts der filmisch dokumentierten Fälle von Gewalt gegen Schwarze in den USA in letzter Zeit erschreckend aktuell geblieben ist – die Behauptung, wir lebten in einem postfaktischen Zeitalter, in dem sich Wahrheit und Fälschung nicht mehr auseinanderhalten ließen. Hiergegen entfaltet das Buch eine Darstellungstheorie in kritisch-therapeutischer Absicht. Es zielt darauf, Darstellungspraxen als spezifisch menschlich, weil geistig und freiheitlich, zu qualifizieren, um im Streit der Interpretationen bessere von schlechteren unterscheiden zu können – am Ende der Lektüre steht die Entwicklung einer „medienkompetenten Urteilskraft“.

Edited by Marisa Gómez

The present volume gathers a selection of texts that attempt to contribute to the critical reflection about digital arts and the social-cultural context in which they arise. However, this book is not a systematic study about digital arts, which thoroughly covers their history or their aesthetic and discursive principles. Instead, the five chapters hereby presented work as a sample of the multiple perspectives and approaches from which is possible to address this topic and to claim fresh insights for its further research. The authors of this volume explore some of the challenges and possibilities offered by the intersections between art, technology and society both for the fields of contemporary art and for the articulation of the social-cultural models of the current ‘Digital Age’. Thus, digital arts are approached here not only as an object of study, but also—implicitly or explicitly—as a tool for analyzing our contemporary reality.

Elena Xeni

This volume explores childhood in today’s settings, e.g., family, media, labour, literature, law, etc., from and interdisciplinary perspective. While encouraging trans-disciplinary dialogues, contributions hosted in this volume, invite readers to become aware of the multi-dynamic profiles of childhood at present and in the past, creating promising research avenues in the future.

Ivo de Gennaro, Paolo Fedeli, Arnd Kerkhecker, Harro von Senger and Hans-Christian Günther

The present series aims at a multidimensional approach to the problem of the relationship between intellect and political power, i.e. it aims at collecting contributions from various disciplines such as philosophy, history, literary studies, theology, but natural science and legal studies as well. In particular it invites an intercultural approach and thus try to contribute to mutual understanding of different cultural traditions in a world shaped by globalization and thus aims, by reflecting on our historical and cultural roots, to give a not purely eurocentric meaning to the latter term.

The series published three volumes over the last 5 years.

Series:

Edited by David Seth Preston

This book began as a collection of papers presented at a conference entitled ‘The Future Business of Higher Education’ held at Oxford University. The contributions range from those who grapple with the question of what a University should do, through those concerned with making Higher Education more efficient, to some who were already planning for some technologically inevitable virtual future. These disparate leanings led to inevitable conflict and a challenge in editing into book form. In compiling and editing the chapters the editor has tried to preserve some of the diversity of opinion presented at Oxford. By doing so it is apparent that some individual contributors would find unacceptable much of what others in the book have to say. The traditionalists clash with the modernizers, the Left with the Right, Public with Private and the theorists with the practitioners. It is this very divergence of philosophical opinion as to the future of Higher Education that makes this book such an enjoyable and stimulating read.

Edited by Kylo-Patrick R. Hart

For the typical celebrity, living in the limelight has never been particularly easy, and it seems to be getting harder every day. Although celebrity in the current century is similar to how it has been experienced in the past, the widespread availability of the Internet and its endless innovative potentialities have certainly brought about changes and new challenges. Today, it is not uncommon for this seemingly desirable cult of personality to, at times, take on an unexpected life of its own, sweeping unprepared celebrities along for the ride. To enable readers to grasp the cumulative complexity of contemporary celebrity culture, this book explores dynamics of the celebrity experience in recent centuries and up to the present day. In doing so, it explicitly analyses ever-changing phenomena of relevance to the celebrity experience, the importance and impact of fans and fandom(s), and the various pleasures and pitfalls that celebrities regularly encounter.

Edited by John Backman and Malgorzata Wojczik

"In a world of continual conflict, rethinking the way we communicate with other cultures, religions, or nations is of paramount importance. Standing in the way is the unconscious assumption that our own views reflect ‘the way things are’ – an assumption both inefficient and harmful. The Way Things Aren’t: Deconstructing ‘Reality’ to Facilitate Communication explores communication as a meeting point between different perceptions of reality, presenting how our assumptions and convictions hinder effective communication with those who are different from us. Featuring case examples from Somalia, Romania, and other regions, the chapters describe how authorities and the media often create ‘reality’ to relegate some people, cultures, languages, or religions to ‘the wrong side of the tracks’. Featuring scholars and practitioners from many disciplines, this discussion challenges readers with the idea that in order to remain open for new perspectives we must be aware that things are not always ’the way things are‘. "

Edited by Tim Fawns

Although humans have always used elements of the environment to help them remember - by carving notches on a stick or tying knots in a handkerchief, for example - there seems to be something quite different, perhaps fundamentally so, about the digital realm. This book is about the challenges and opportunities for human memory and history in an increasingly digital world. Personal, interpersonal, communal, national and global memories are all influenced by cultures of use that form around new technologies. This can be most clearly seen in the voices these technologies enable, the ways in which non-digital activity interacts with digital interfaces, and the tension between recording and remembering the past. Examples, drawn from research across a range of disciplines, show how memory - and the meaning we take from it - is being affected by new practices of recording and sharing information about the present and the past.

Edited by Carol McAllum and Madeline Gorman

Insomuch that death is both universal as well as subject to varied registers of meaning, death as a field of research occupies a necessarily inter-disciplinary position. This volume gathers multiple perspectives on death and dying composed by a selection of papers that were presented at the 9th Global Conference on Making Sense of: Dying and Death, held in Salzburg, Austria in November, 2012. Countering notions of death as mere negation, these chapters map out regions of sense-making along the perimeters of life. It approaches death and dying from an array of scholarly, theoretical, and practical disciplines, including philosophy, psychology, theology, political science, media studies, education, art studies, anthropology, sociology, and health care.

Anna Maj

At present cyberculture is a dominating cultural paradigm and nothing seems to be able to replace it. We globally share the same cyberspace but there is a question whether we all together–the whole humankind–are really living in the same cyberculture? This book proves that we rather tend to define the contemporary state of culture as cybercultures. The process of spreading technologies, trends and ideas is not the same in all parts of the world. The varying speeds of this process and cultural diversity of its forms are created by different social, political, economic and cultural contexts. By representing different perspectives the authors depict a wide spectrum of the most important current problems connected with networked life, global sharing of data, loss of privacy, new meanings of community and developments in narrative structures and social behaviours arising from new communication possibilities, instantaneity of information and global viral sensitivity.