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In Itinere

European Cities and the Birth of Modern Scientific Philosophy


Edited by Roberto Poli

The volume describes a virtual tour of the cities in which Franz Brentano and his pupils worked and lived, with a reconstruction of the intellectual climate of their time. After the Introduction, the intellectual life of Würzburg, Munich, Vienna, Prag, Lvov, Warsaw, Cambridge, Florence and Milan is presented and analyzed.
The papers collected in this volume propose several answers to the following question: to what do we refer when we speak of Central European philosophy?.
Interpretations of Central European philosophy have developed in at least two broad directions. An interpretation fashionable during the 1970s lumps specific philosophical achievements, especially those of Mach and Wittgenstein, characterized by research into and development of new languages, of new philosophical, scientific and artistic grammars. In this situation, literature was seen as the exploration of meanings moving towards frontiers in which reality and possibility, science and metaphor, meet and merge. On the other hands, the theme of a Central European philosophy, connected with but independent of literature, has recently been given more thorough development. The two outstanding figures to have emerged from this inquiry are those of Bernard Bolzano and Franz Brentano. With reference to Brentano in particular, it is almost as if the collapse of the Empire also erased awareness of the common origin of many diverse components of Central European philosophical and scientific thought. The Polish logical school, logical neopositivism, phenomenology, the Prague school of linguistics, analytic philosophy, Gestalt psychology, the Vienna economics school - as well as a number of individual thinkers - are all movements and groups connected in some manner with Brentano's work and teaching. Although in some respects these are movements still at the centre of interest, the overall effect, the pattern of their common and unifying aspects have been neglected if they have not entirely disappeared. It seems that the unity of this philosophical tradition was lost with the end of the geographical and political unity of the Danubian empire and with the events that accompanied its downfall. After 1918 the centres of that tradition - Vienna, Prague, Lvov, Graz - belonged to different states, and its rich network of exchanges, contacts and relationships was dismantled forever. However, there still remained something of its philosophical style in each individual school; traits which enable us to speak, as the Authors have done in this volume, of Central European philosophy.

Franz Fühmann: Innovation and Authenticity

A study of his prose-writing


Dennis Tate

This is the first full-length study of the life and works of Franz Fühmann (1922-1984) to be published in English. It provides a complete reassessment of his importance as a prose-writer, informed by the extensive corpus of Fühmann's writing which has only appeared posthumously or is now accessible in the archives of the Akademie der Künste in East Berlin.
Dennis Tate argues that, from the middle 1950s onwards, Fühmann's prose writing is both stylistically innovative and committed to the authentic representation of his experience, thereby challenging the conventional wisdom that little writing of international significance could be produced in the ideological context of the GDR until Honecker introduced his `no taboos' cultural policy in 1971. Fühmann's widely praised later texts (ranging from the autobiographical Zweiundzwanzig Tage oder Die Hälfte des Lebens and Vor Feuerschlünden to mythical and satirical short stories such as `Marsyas' and `Drei nackte Männer') can now be seen as the culmination of an impressive creative development rather than as the result of a late conversion to literary truthfulness.
The volume will be of interest to students and teachers of post-1945 German literature as well as to general readers aware of the vitality of Central European culture throughout the period of East-West ideological division.

Rene Hoven

This Lexique de la prose latine de la Renaissance is the first dictionary of Renaissance Latin and continues on from the Dictionnaire latin-français of F. Gaffiot. However, it comprises 8500 words, more than 7000 of which are not mentioned by Gaffiot, while others are employed with different meanings.
It is based upon a reading of a very large number of texts by 150 authors from Western and Central Europe, including Budé, Calvin, Erasmus, Ficino, Lipsius, Luther, Melanchthon, More, Petrarch, Pica della Mirandola, Politian, Valla, Vives, and Zwingli. The compiler has paid particular attention to variety in the source texts, which cover literature, correspondence, history, law, philosophy, theology, and science.
This work has been long awaited by scholars and students and will become a standard tool not only for latinists and neo-latinists, but also for all those historians, philosophers, theologians, historians of law, and intellectual historians working in the fields of Humanism, the Renaissance, the Reformation and Counter-Reformation.


Steven Tötösy de Zepetnek

This book serves several purposes, all very much needed in today's embattled situation of the humanities and the study of literature. First, in Chapter One, the author proposes that the discipline of Comparative Literature is a most advantageous approach for the study of literature and culture as it is a priori a discipline of cross-disciplinarity and of international dimensions. After a Manifesto for a New Comparative Literature, he proceeds to offer several related theoretical frameworks as a composite method for the study of literature and culture he designates and explicates as the systemic and empirical approach. Following the introduction of the proposed New Comparative Literature, the author applies his method to a wide variety of literary and cultural areas of inquiry such as Literature and Cultural Participation where he discusses several aspects of reading and readership (Chapter Two), Comparative Literature as/and Interdisciplinarity (Chapter Three) where he deals with theory and application for film and literature and medicine and literature, Cultures, Peripheralities, and Comparative Literature (Chapter Four) where he proposes a theoretical designation he terms inbetween peripherality for the study of East Central European literatures and cultures as well as ethnic minority writing, Women's Literature and Men Writing about Women (Chapter Five) where he analyses texts written by women and texts about women written by men in the theoretical context of Ethical Constructivism, The Study of Translation and Comparative Literature (Chapter Six) where after a theoretical introduction he presents a new version of Anton Popovic's dictionary for literary translation as a taxonomy for the study of translation, and The Study of Literature and the Electronic Age (Chapter Seven), where he discusses the impact of new technologies on the study of literature and culture. The analyses in their various applications of the proposed New Comparative Literature involve modern and contemporary authors and their works such as Dorothy Richardson, Margit Kaffka, Mircea Cartarescu, Robert Musil, Alfred Döblin, Hermann Hesse, Péter Esterházy, Dezsö Kosztolányi, Michael Ondaatje, Endre Kukorelly, Else Seel, and others.

German Villages in Crisis

Rural Life in Hesse-Kassel and the Thirty Years War, 1580-1720


John Theibault

This study is the most detailed treatment available of how the German countryside experienced the Early Modern era's most wrenching crisis: the Thirty Years' War. Drawing on a variety of sources, it presents an intricate picture not only of the war, but of the social relations and diverse political interests that were expressed in the village before and after the war as well. It is a major contribution to recent efforts to reconceptualize the themes and chronology of Early Modern German history.

Scott Carlson and Gregory Gisvold

This Guide to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) condenses the guidance of the Human Rights Committee and accompanying legal scholarship into an easily accessible reference handbook for understanding the nature and scope of rights set forth in the ICCPR.

The ICCPR offers the most widely accepted definition of civil and political rights at the international level, and as such this practical guide serves as an indispensable tool for legal practitioners and others who are dedicated to the promotion and protection of civil and political rights throughout the globe. It is also a useful source of information for introductory courses in international human rights law.

Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.

Conflicting Visions of Reform

German Lay Propaganda Pamphlets, 1519-1530


Miriam Usher Chrisman

Cultural, historical and textual analysis of 300 propaganda pamphlets written by 166 German laymen and women reveals that each social class heard the Reformation message differently. The writers enthusiastically interpreted the Bible for themselves, finding justification for social and economic changes which suited the aims of their own class. The new ideology deepened the existing divisions in rural and urban society. The book presents, for the first time, a comprehensive selection of 166 lay authors.
Knights, rural civil servants, technicians, patricians, lawyers and artisans describe the existing social order, their new beliefs and their hopes for change. They are eloquent and immensely human.

Editionsdesiderate zur frühen Neuzeit, Zweiter Teil

Beiträge zur Tagung der Kommission für die Edition von Texten der Frühen Neuzeit


Edited by Hans-Gert Roloff

Karl Lamprecht

A German Academic Life (1856-1915)


Roger Chickering

Karl Lamprecht was the most controversial historian in Imperial Germany. His great project, the attempt to fashion on all-embracing, scientific "cultural history" of the German nation, challenged the governing tenets of German historiography at the close of the nineteenth century and produced the most bitter dispute the German historical profession has ever witnessed. Lamprecht's defeat in this controversy resulted in his professional ostracism; and it reinforced both the commitment to political history and the antagonism to social science which remained hallmarks of the German historical profession until late in the twentieth century. This is the first biography of the historian ever published, as well s the richest account to date of the great methodological controversy he unleashed. The analysis weaves broad intellectual and institutional forces together with influences that took shape during the historian's early life. The biography is based on Lamprecht's personal papers, as well as on archival sources in both east and west Germany. It will appeal to all students of German history.

The Sixth Century

Production, Distribution and Demand


Edited by Hodges and Bowden

This collection of essays examines the sixth century A.D. from a new perspective. Being a result of the European Science Foundation s programme devoted to the transformation of the Roman World, the authors examine the economic and social conditions of a century which has often been overlooked. The book takes a European overview, and includes studies by archaeologists and historians whom, in the course of the ESF project, have developed a lively dialogue focussing upon the issue of demand in the sixth century. An archaeologist poses many of theleading arguments in the first chapter, and an historian draws these themes together in the final one. The book includes a major review of the historiography of Henri Pirenne's celebrated thesis devoted to the decline of the Roman empire and the beginnings of the Middle Ages. The majority of the essays, however, are regional studies approaching the subject with a new wide-angled, European vision.