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Edited by Richard Dove and Ian Wallace

All Hitler’s political opponents in exile sought to devise plans for the post-war future of Germany, Austria or Czechoslovakia. This volume brings together the different, often divergent proposals of groups and individuals in British exile and evaluates their contribution to actual post-war developments. Different essays trace the activities of the Free German Movement and its Austrian counterpart in evolving plans for the future of their countries or deal with the response of individuals such as Kurt Hiller or Friedrich Stampfer. Others consider the return of Socialist exiles to Austria or the involvement of exiles in Britain in the re-education of German prisoners of war. Ultimately, all plans for post-war Europe were trumped by the emerging Cold War, as Germany became the stage for enacting the political ambitions of the rival powers which had conquered it. Against this background, few of the hopes nurtured in exile came to fruition.

Edited by Andrew Colin Gow

Art history, literary history, film history, social history, micro-history, economic history, women’s history, postcolonial history and other hyphenated histories have introduced elements of discontinuity, rupture and plurality into hegemonic historical narratives by initiating interdisciplinary encounters that have not only redefined and rewritten debates over the terrain of the past, but have shared a common problematic with, and thus have left indelible traces in, the global syntax of theory itself. Rather than focusing on 'Grand Theory', we have explored some of these issues in our own areas. The first section of the volume is more general and tries to make sense of current institutional realities; the second section consists of case studies, demonstrating how the various disciplinary divisions of Slavic Studies can be overcome by adding together various hyphenated approaches: history and cultural studies, anthropology and oral history, film studies and photography.

Contributors include: Wladimir Fischer, Natalka Khanenko Friesen, Andrew Colin Gow, Susan Ingram, Markus Reisenleitner, Elena Siemens, Serhy Yekelchyk, Andriy Zayarnyuk, and Marko Živković.


James H. SEE 18027 Jackson Jr.

This book analyzes the human consequences of urbanization and geographical mobility for residents of a major city in the Ruhr Valley of Germany during the century-long transition from an agrarian order to the industrial era. By documenting the dynamism of Duisburg's population, the interdependence of urban and rural life, and the importance of households and social networks, it reshapes the conventional understanding of central European migration The unprecedented scope of this analysis of these social processes is made possible by a unique combination of detailed census manuscripts, vital records, police residency registers, and building permits that are unmatched by any other nineteenth-century European or North American city.

European Iconography - East and West

Selected Papers of the Szeged International Conference, June 9-12, 1993.



This volume is the offspring of many years of research in symbolic representations carried out at the English and Comparative Literature departments of "József Attila" University, Szeged.
In 1990 the dramatic changes in East-Central Europe inspired the organization of an international conference where scholars of the (politically defined) East and West could exchange ideas in the fields of iconography, emblem studies and cultural symbolisation. In June, 1993, at the conference in Szeged, fifty-seven papers were read by scholars representing Canada, the Czech Republic, England, Germany, Holland, Hungary, Poland, Rumania and the USA.
The present publication contains eighteen papers, covering the following aspects: Iconography and Ideology, Iconography and History, The World of Emblems and Occult Emblematics. The volume not only shows the state of affairs in these important fields but also demonstrates the scope and strength of a new type of European cooperation.

Imperialism at Sea

Naval Strategic Thought, the Ideology of Sea Power, and the Tirpitz Plan, 1875-1914


Rolf Hobson

Was Grand Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz' plan for naval expansion and the development of a "risk fleet" as a way to position Wilhelmine Germany as a world power to rival Britain so unique? This comparative study of the modern naval strategy of Germany, Britain, France, and the United States seeks to answer that question. First, Hobson is the only naval scholar to simultaneously compare the "Tirpitz Plan" with plans of the other leading nations of that time. Second, Hobson also interacts with how other scholars have assessed the complex interplay between naval history--both in and outside Germany--maritime law, and naval strategy. Hobson offers a unique interpretation of the causes and objectives of the German Imperial Navy at the end of the nineteenth century, forces that ultimately led to the First World War.


Raffael Scheck

In a skillful combination of biographical case study and contextual analysis, Scheck presents a readable, often thrilling, account of the troubled transition period before the Nazi catastrophe. Drawing from a vast base of previously unused documents, the book traces the conspiracies and public campaigns of Great Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz, a key figure of the German right. By focusing on Tirpitz, known as a supreme politician and manipulator of public opinion, Scheck explains the political and ideological problems contributing to the breakdown of the conservative German right and to the success of the National Socialists in the early 1930s.


Raymond Chien Sun

The following study exacmines the social, cultural and political history of Catholic workers in the city of Cologne and its environs from 1885 to 1912. Specifically, it treats the methods employed by the Catholic Church to isolate its working class members from Marxist Social Democracy by enclosing them within a clerically constructed and controlled social-cultural miliue, explores the beliefs and behaviors inculcated in this confessional envrironment, and explains the causes of the Social Democratic Party's (SPD) conquest of Cologne in the 1912 Reichstag election.


Ernest Benz

The book traces the precocious diffusion of family limitation in Grafenhausen bei Lahr, Kappel am Rhein, and Rust, using thousands of reconstituted family histories in local genealogies ( Ortssippenbücher), as well as economic and political data from municipal and provincial archives. Graphs, tables, and maps document the fertility transition on the densely populated Rhine plain. A new measure of the percentage of couples practising family limitation is applied. The account highlights the rôles of women as landholders under traditional partible inheritance and as workers in the cigar factories of the late 1800s. Both circumstances increased fertility, even as contraception spread along the networks of solidarity forged by economic and political independence.

Conflicting Visions of Reform

German Lay Propaganda Pamphlets, 1519-1530


Miriam Usher Chrisman

Cultural, historical and textual analysis of 300 propaganda pamphlets written by 166 German laymen and women reveals that each social class heard the Reformation message differently. The writers enthusiastically interpreted the Bible for themselves, finding justification for social and economic changes which suited the aims of their own class. The new ideology deepened the existing divisions in rural and urban society. The book presents, for the first time, a comprehensive selection of 166 lay authors.
Knights, rural civil servants, technicians, patricians, lawyers and artisans describe the existing social order, their new beliefs and their hopes for change. They are eloquent and immensely human.

State Symbols

The Quest for Legitimacy in the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic, 1949-1959


Margarete Myers Feinstein

After World War II Germans not only had to rebuild, they had to redefine their national political identity as well. This book traces how state symbols such as national colors, anthems, holidays, capital cities, and postage stamps were used to legitimize the two Germanies from 1949 to 1959. Although the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic (GDR) developed distinct post-war identities, the one cannot be understood apart from the other, for they were in direct competition to define the same state symbols. The study of symbols offers valuable insights into the realms of identity formation and of politics, that is, how symbols can promote political integration. By examining the creation of state symbols and the processes by which they were established in the public realm, Feinstein evaluates the extent to which German political culture overcame the Nazi past to legitimize both a republican and a socialist system. This book is especially relevant to scholars who want to understand the common ground upon which the citizens of today’s unified Germany can construct a shared identity.