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Edited by Jeroen Temperman, T. Jeremy Gunn and Malcolm D. Evans

As the tensions involving religion and society increase, the European Court of Human Rights and the Freedom of Religion or Belief is the first systematic analysis of the first twenty-five years of the European Court's religion jurisprudence. The Court is one of the most significant institutions confronting the interactions among states, religious groups, minorities, and dissenters. In the 25 years since its first religion case, Kokkinakis v. Greece, the Court has inserted itself squarely into the international human rights debate regarding the freedom of religion or belief. The authors demonstrate the positive contributions and the significant flaws of the Court's jurisprudence involving religion, society, and secularism.

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Jasmina Mačkić

In Proving Discriminatory Violence at the European Court of Human Rights Jasmina Mačkić unveils the evidentiary issues faced by the European Court of Human Rights when dealing with cases of discriminatory violence. In that context, she evaluates the Court’s application of the standard of proof ‘beyond reasonable doubt’ and aims to answer the question whether that standard forms an obstacle in establishing the occurrence of discriminatory violence. In addition, she offers an assessment into the circumstances in which the burden of proof may shift from the applicant to the respondent state. The author also looks at the types of evidentiary materials that may be used by the Court in order to establish discriminatory violence.

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Nina-Louisa Arold

While the supervision of the European Court of Human Rights constantly grows in importance, little is known about the people, especially the judges, inside the Court. To what extent are human rights sensitive to different traditions and is their work burdened through the plurality of legal, historical-political or vocational experiences among the judges? Looking at the first three years of permanent operation of the Court, this book suggests that it is the legal culture that brings the judges together. Based on interviews, field study observations and an analysis of case law, this book takes a novel approach on European human rights law and provides researchers and practitioners with an important basis for a full understanding of the Strasbourg case law.

Dominik Haider

Structural human rights deficiencies in the member states of the European Convention of Human Rights have caused numerous individual applications to the European Court of Human Rights and are a considerable factor in the Court's persistent overload crisis. The Pilot-Judgment Procedure was devised to tackle these structural deficiencies and has become an important instrument of the Court.

Dominik Haider examines to which extent the Pilot-Judgment Procedure is reconcilable with the European Convention on Human Rights. After an analysis of the member states’ obligations to resolve structural deficiencies, the author asks if the European Court of Human Rights is empowered to take the procedural steps which are characteristic of the Pilot-Judgment Procedure. In particular, the Court's express orders are critically scrutinised.

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Edited by Peter Kempees

This volume supplements the first two volumes of A Systematic Guide to the Case-Law of the European Court of Human Rights which appeared in late 1996. It covers the years 1995 and 1996, and follows the same system as the previous volumes. Thus this volume, together with Volumes I and II, offers a compilation of relevant passages of all the Court's judgments from 1960 up to and including 1996, arranged according to the Articles of the Convention and its Protocols. The Guide will enable its users to find all the rulings of the Court which may be relevant to a given problem, and will reduce considerably the time and effort needed for research. It will continue to be updated at regular intervals.

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Edited by Peter Kempees

This volume supplements the current three volumes of A Systematic Guide to the Case-Law of the European Court of Human Rights. It covers the years 1997 and 1998, and follows the same system as the previous volumes. Thus this volume, together with Volumes I, II and III, offers a compilation of relevant passages of all the Court's judgments from 1960 up to and including 1998, arranged according to the Articles of the Convention and its Protocols. The Guide will enable its users to find all the rulings of the Court which may be relevant to a given problem, and will reduce considerably the time and effort needed for research. It will continue to be updated at regular intervals.

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Edited by Leto Cariolou, Anatoly Kovler, Françoise Tulkens and Dean Spielmann

This collection contains the most important separate opinions of Judge Loukis Loucaides, member of the European Court of Human Rights from 1998 until 2008. It collates a decade of disagreement with the Court's judgments by a judge with strong moral convictions about the interpretation of the Convention. His opinions were largely inspired by the legal principles he was dedicated to serving. Separate opinions offer valuable insight into different trends and schools of thought that inevitably influence the development of the Court’s case-law. Always eager, as he liked to say, “to call a spade a spade”. Judge Loucaides' opinions reflect his unfettered commitment to human rights and make for interesting reading.

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Michał Rynkowski

Religious courts have been part of the European legal landscape for centuries. Almost all churches and religious communities have their own judicial systems, often composed of courts or tribunals ordered hierarchically. The aim of this book is to present cases from the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, in which a religious court was involved at the stage of domestic proceedings. The twelve cases in question originate from a number of European States, in which the applicants belonged to many denominations, although predominantly Christian. The Court of Human Rights has mainly been concerned with religious courts in terms of compliance with the requirement for a fair hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal under Article 6 of the European Convention of Human Rights and has come to various conclusions. The most recent judgment from September 2017, Nagy v. Hungary, and in particular many associated dissenting opinions, demonstrate that the matter is worthy of study, particularly in the contemporary context of religious freedom.

Vladimir Tochilovsky

This book provides a comprehensive guide to the jurisprudence of the criminal tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and Rwanda (ICTR), Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL), the International Criminal Court (ICC), the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) on procedural and evidential matters.
The book contains a digest of relevant decisions, orders and judgments (which are collectively referred to as “decisions”) of the ICTY, ICTR, the Special Court (hereinafter “ ad hoc Tribunals”), the ICC, and the ECHR. The CD-ROM which accompanies this book includes the decisions themselves, which are organised topically on it. Most of the decisions on the CD-ROM are in electronically searchable format. The book also includes relevant provisions from the Statutes and Rules of Procedure and Evidence of the ad hoc Tribunals and the ICC, as well as the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR).
The book, together with the collections of decisions, will assist practitioners and researchers in studying the jurisprudence of the Tribunals. This jurisprudence reflects the current state of international criminal law. It will inevitably influence approaches of international courts, including the ICC and "hybrid" tribunals, as well as national courts.

Edited by Dia Anagnostou and Evangelia Psychogiopoulou

This volume explores the role of the ECtHR in protecting marginalised individuals and minorities. What factors and conditions have led growing numbers of such individuals and minorities to pursue their rights and freedoms in front of the ECtHR and how has the latter responded to these? Does the Convention and the jurisprudence of the Strasbourg Court enhance the protection of vulnerable groups at the national level and expand their rights? Or do they mainly tend to fill in relatively minor gaps or occasional lapses in national rights guarantees? Comprising a set of eight country-based case studies, this volume examines litigation on behalf of marginalised individuals and minorities, and the relevant ECtHR jurisprudence across the following countries: Austria, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, France, Italy, Turkey and the UK.