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Edited by Tong Chee-Kiong and Lian Kwen-Fee

This book presents a collection of essays of how the city-state of Singapore's societal dynamics have evolved from the time of its birth as a nation in 1965 to the present. Key areas of Singapore society are explored, contributing to the understanding of the social organisation of the city.
This study reveals a shift from the modernisation studies in the 1970s to a more political-economic turn, as a consequence of the influence of dependency and world systems theories. Topics covered include: urban studies, family, education, medical care, class and social stratification, work, language, ethnic groups, religion and crime and deviance.

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Ryszard Piotrowicz

The book analyses the most important international and domestic legal aspects of German unification. Part One (Chapter one-five) contains a general introduction then deals with international issues: the status of Germany from 1945 to the present day; the German borders are examined then issues of state succession and self-determination are discussed in the context of unification. Part Two (Chapters six-nine) deals with domestic matters: property issues in the former East Germany, feminism after unification (dealing principally with the abortion issue), the prosecution of former East German citizens for offences relating to the security of East Germany, and the reform of the asylum law. The aim is to give the reader an overview of the most controversial and problematic issues of German unification.

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Edited by Jennifer Dilworth and Megan Stuart Jones

The International Year Book and Statesmen’s Who’s Who is an invaluable reference source for anyone interested in international affairs or international business. Established as an authoritative reference source on people, organisations and countries worldwide for almost 60 years – and used by governments, MPs, embassies, and IGOs – The International Year Book and Statesmen’s Who’s Who is the only directory that includes international organisations, states of the world, and an extensive number of biographies in one volume.

The International Year Book and Statesmen’s Who’s Who is available in print and online. Purchasers of the print edition have access to the online version at no extra charge.

International Organisations: covers the main international and national organizations world-wide. It features detailed entries on the UN, its specialised and affiliated agencies, the EU and major inter-governmental organisations. The International Year Book and Statesmen's Who's Who also includes overviews of a further 500 international and national organisations, from political and humanitarian groups, through environment and agriculture to international trade, commerce, human rights and law.

The States of the World: this section provides information on over 380 countries, provinces, state dependencies and territories – their cabinet members, political and economic structure and news, demographics, industries, transport, media, health, education and legal systems, environment, religions and public holidays. Also included are individual entries for each of the US states, Canadian provinces, Indian states, Australian states and territories, South African provinces, and German federal states. The States of the World section features contact details for government ministries, embassies, courts, central banks, utilities, and transport and media organisations, and offers approximately 11,000 useful internet addresses. State flags are included in full colour.

Biographies: features over 3,000 biographies, including politicians from every country of the world, diplomats, heads of international organisations and many more. Biographies for US governors, congressional representatives and senators are also included. For ease of use, people included in the International Organisations and States of the World sections are cross-referenced to the biographies section. This section will tell you who’s who, how to contact them (including approximately 2,500 internet and e-mail addresses),where they were educated, who they have worked for, which organisations they belong to, what awards they have won, and both professional and personal interests.

Preliminary Section
The preliminary section includes information on country membership of major organisations and a calendar of forthcoming elections.

Online: Even more content is available in The International Year Book and Statesmen's Who's Who Online. The product has a clear interface and comprehensive search facilities. All URLs and emails are hypertext linked and include extensive links to full-text constitutions of the states of the world. Entries also include a colour national flag and are linked to clear state maps.

The online version also includes the prestigious Who's Who in Public International Law, providing unique access to the main players within international law. Who’s Who in Public International Law aims to present biographies of experts working in the arena of international law including such areas as trade, investment, the environment, humanitarian law, human rights and international criminal law. It is the only directory which focuses on prominent people working in International Law. Those included in the publication have participated in international tribunals, including criminal courts and human rights courts.

Holders of the print edition have access to the online edition until 31 December 2012 using the 12 digit access token on the dust jacket of the book. To activate your online access to IYB go to http://brillonline.nl/accesstoken use the token code printed on this dust jacket and fill out the details.

The Margins of Meaning

Arguments for a Postmodern Approach to Language & Text

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Robin Melrose

The title of this book is inspired by Jacques Derrida and by his seminal work, The Margins of Philosophy. The study of meaning in the past thirty years has focused on core meaning, and largely ignored the margins of meaning, where much of the power of language is to be found. The present work seeks to shift this focus by taking a postmodern approach that sees meaning as an accretion of verbal, social, cultural and personal sign systems, with fluid boundaries that shrink or expand with each meaner.
Chapter 1 begins with a brief examination of present-day approaches to meaning, and goes on to a deconstruction of four twentieth century linguists. Chapter 2 takes as its starting point two aspects of the 20th century scientific paradigm, non-deterministic causation and relativity, and considers a number of thinkers who have worked within this paradigm. A major aim of this work is to convince students and teachers of literary theory, cultural studies and feminist theory of the validity of a linguistics of indeterminacy, so Chapter 3 focuses on an analytical approach that models indeterminacy in language, and Chapter 4 applies the model to a newspaper editorial, a Wallace Stevens' poem, and an extract from a Patrick White novel.

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Edited by Richard F.E. Sutcliffe, Heinz-Detlev Koch and Annette Mcelligott

The task of language engineering is to develop the technology for building computer systems which can perform useful linguistic tasks such as machine assisted translation, text retrieval, message classification and document summarisation. Such systems often require the use of a parser which can extract specific types of grammatical data from pre-defined classes of input text.
There are many parsers already available for use in language engineering systems. However, many different linguistic formalisms and parsing algorithms are employed. Grammatical coverage varies, as does the nature of the syntactic information extracted. Direct comparison between systems is difficult because each is likely to have been evaluated using different test criteria.
In this volume, eight different parsers are applied to the same task, that of analysing a set of sentences derived from software instruction manuals. Each parser is presented in a separate chapter. Evaluation of performance is carried out using a standard set of criteria with the results being presented in a set of tables which have the same format for each system. Three additional chapters provide further analysis of the results as well as discussing possible approaches to the standardisation of parse tree data. Five parse trees are provided for each system in an appendix, allowing further direct comparison between systems by the reader.
The book will be of interest to students, researchers and practitioners in the areas of computational linguistics, computer science, information retrieval, language engineering, linguistics and machine assisted translation.

The Party of Democratic Socialism in Germany

Modern Post-Communism or Nostalgic Populism?

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Edited by Peter Barker

The Party of Democratic Socialism in Germany, which includes the papers from the first conference on the PDS in Britain, brings together a range of scholars and politicians from Germany, Britain, France and the USA. It assesses the present position of the party within the German political system shortly before the second ‘Superwahljahr' in Germany. It also examines its relations with other post-communist parties in Europe and evaluates the state of its relations with the other political parties competing for the left-of-centre vote in the new Länder. Above all the volume is concerned with the question as to whether the PDS, as the successor party to the former ruling communist party in East Germany, represents a modern form of socialism or is merely a populist reaction to the particular concerns of eastern Germans after unification. The volume will be of particular interest to students and scholars of German and politics who are concerned with developments in Germany and Europe after the collapse of communism. There are twelve contributions to the volume, six in German and six in English.

Essays on the Song Cycle and on Defining the Field

Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Word and Music Studies at Ann Arbor, MI, 1999

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Edited by Walter Bernhart and Werner Wolf

This volume assembles twelve interdisciplinary essays that were originally presented at the Second International Conference on Word and Music Studies at Ann Arbor, MI, in 1999, a conference organized by the International Association for Word and Music Studies (WMA).
The contributions to this volume focus on two centres of interest. The first deals with general issues of literature and music relations from culturalist, historical, reception-aesthetic and cognitive points of view. It covers issues such as conceptual problems in devising transdisciplinary histories of both arts, cultural functions of opera as a means of reflecting postcolonial national identity, the problem of verbalizing musical experience in nineteenth-century aesthetics and of understanding reception processes triggered by musicalized fiction.
The second centre of interest deals with a specific genre of vocal music as an obvious area of word and music interaction, namely the song cycle. As a musico-literary genre, the song cycle not only permits explorations of relations between text and music in individual songs but also raises the question if, and to what extent words and/or music contribute to creating a larger unity beyond the limits of single songs. Elucidating both of these issues with stimulating diversity the essays in this section highlight classic nineteenth- and twentieth-century song cycles by Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann, Hugo Wolf, Richard Strauss and Benjamin Britten and also include the discussion of a modern successor of the song cycle, the concept album as part of today’s popular culture.

Interart Poetics

Essays on the Interrelations of the Arts and Media

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Edited by Ulla-Britta Lagerroth, Hans Lund and Erik Hedling

In this anthology are gathered 28 essays, devoted to the interrelations of the arts and media. They present together the current state of the emerging field of Interart Studies. The contributors — Stephen Greenblatt, Claus Clüver, Erika Fischer-Lichte, John Neubauer, Steven Paul Scher, Walter Bernhart, Ulrich Weisstein, Eric T. Haskell, Eric Vos, Thomas Elsaesser, among others — are leading international scholars in the fields of Art History, Literary Criticism, Musicology, Film, Theatre and Media Studies. In challenging ways they promote interdisciplinary strategies in the study of the traditional arts: dance, literature, music, painting, sculpture, theatre etc, as well as of the modern media: film, TV, video, computer-generated arts, etc.
The essays collected engage in a broad perspective of topics, approached from varying theoretical, methodological or ideological viewpoints. No single thread runs through the diversely conceived essays, yet it is evident that what all contributors appear to envision is the importance today of investigations into the problems of what might be called the interart — or intermedia — discourse. Aimed at university teachers, scholars, students and even artists, this book will meet the demands from those interested in modern modes of interart and intermedia analysis.