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From Cold War to Cold Peace?

A Comparative Empirical Study of Russian and Western Political Cultures

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Loek Halman, Peter Ester and Vladimir Rukavishnikov

The cross-national analyses of Western and Russian political cultures presented in this book are partly based on the 1990 EVS data. Another data source comes from surveys that were conducted since the late 1980s by the Department of Social Dynamics of the Institute of Socio-Political Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ISPR RAS) This Volume pictures a wide variety of values in the social and political domain and reveals unique insights in Russian culture. It makes clear that, despite many differences, Russian and Westerners have also many things in common as far as basic values are concerned.

This is the fourth volume in the series. The first book is The Individualizing Socitey (1993, 1994) edited by Peter Ester, Loek Halman and Ruud de Moor. The second book is Values in Western Societies (1995) edited by Ruud de Moor. A third book is titled Political Value Change in Western Democracies (1996) and is edited by Loek Halman and Neil Nevitte.

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C.N. Dubelaar

The first scholarly studies on South American and Caribbean rock-carvings did not appear until the beginning of the twentieth century. Even today most archaeologists working in the field of South American and Caribbean prehistory neglect the testimony of petroglyphs. To remedy this situation, the author of the present work offers a critical summary of the crucial data for an analysis of South American and Antillean rock inscriptions. He discusses the techniques used in making the carvings, the nature of the sites, and the orientation of the inscriptions. He examines possible methods of dating the petroglyph, arguing that, beyond the observation that they are undoubtedly pre-Columbian, so far no firm conclusion to their relative or absolute dates can be drawn. Similar limitations apply to the interpretation of the rock inscriptions. Although one may glimpse possible pictorial, symbolic or social significations, no reliable conclusions can be drawn about their exact function and meaning, given the scarcity of data on the cultural background of the petroglyph carvers.
The author therefore proposes an alternative approach, isolating eighteen distinct motifs and thus classifying the South American and Antillean petroglyphs according to their geographical distribution. This type of analysis enables the inscriptions to be assigned to specific culture areas. The author concludes the study by suggesting a number of indispensable elements of future petroglyph inventories.

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Edited by Wil Arts and Loek Halman

The comparative method is at the core of sociological inquiry and gained new importance, emphasis and practitioners particularly after the second world war as a consequence of a large variety of international and global scale developments.
The contributions to this book regard nations or countries as contextual units of analysis and treat them as variables. Theoretical explanations are presented of how social phenomena are systematically related to characteristics of the nation states and these explanations are tested empirically using the qualitative tools of mainstream sociology.
The chapters in this book can be useful to a broad audience and a range of social scientists who are interested in the understanding of contemporary social phenomena that are no longer limited to national borders but that are transnational or of a global order.

Contributors are Toril Aalberg, Wil Arts, Carole B. Burgoyne, Loek Halman, Piet Hermkens, Guillermina Jasso, Mebs Kanji, James R. Kluegel, Ola Listhaug, David S. Mason, Petr Matěju, Neil Nevitte, Thorleif Pettersson, David A. Routh, Svetlana Sidorenko-Stephenson, Johan Verweij, Bernd Wegener, and Peter Van Wijck.

Democracy and Democratization in Africa

Towards the 21st Century

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Edited by Udogu

The 9 contributors to this volume are Africanists whose comprehension of the political "vernacular" of Africa helped to sharpen their analyses of a continent on the eve of a new millennium and in the aftermath of the Cold War. The debate over the most relevant political models for African countries has till recently been conducted against a backdrop of the competing claims of socialism and capitalism. Attempts to consolidate democracy and constitutional have taken place in the shadow of intractable economic problems, prompting the question of whether democracy can survive in Africa without economic prosperity. The papers published here address many of these problems, as well as dealing with the questions of ethnicity, leadership, the power of the military, and prodemocracy movements within African nation states.

Wolves from the Sea

Readings in the Anthropology of the Native Caribbean

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Edited by Neil L. Whitehead

Wolves from the sea brings together the latest work of leading authorities on the archaeology, linguistics, history, and socio-cultural anthropology of native Caribbean groups, particularly that of the Island Carib. In each of these disciplines orthodox theories are critically assessed and new directions for interdisciplinary research suggested.

A central theme that emerges from this volume is the acknowledgement of the plurality of ethnic identities that greeted Columbus and a rejection of the way in which subsequent anthropology has blindly accepted colonial ethnological schema.

The seven contributions in this volume represent the outcome of an international symposium, held in Leiden. The author are Arie Boomert, Berend J. Hoff, Jalil Sued Badillo, Neil L. Whitehead, Peter Hulme, Jay B. Haviser and Charles J.M.R.C. Gullick.

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J. Rousseau

Kayan Religion is an ethnographic account of the rituals and beliefs of Central Borneo swidden agriculturists, written at the request of the Baluy Kayan of Sarawak to preserve their religion for future generations. With its extensive agricultural rituals, Kayan religion is organized around the agricultural cycle. Both priests and shamans are present; the latter limit themselves to curing rituals, while priests manage the annual cycle, life-cycle rituals, and familial rituals.
Like other groups in Southeast Asia, the Kayan have elaborate death rituals. The traditional Kayan religion ( adat Dipuy) was characterized by ritual head-hunting, animal omens, and a multiplicity of taboos. In the 1940s, a prophet revealed a new religion ( adat Bungan) in Central Borneo, with particular success in the Baluy area. In its initial stage, adat Bungan was a radical rejection of the old religion. However, in just a few years, a kind of counter-reformation occurred, led by aristocrats and priests, who reinstated most of the old rituals in a simplified and less onerous form.

Gateway to the Promised Land

Ethnic Cultures on New York’s Lower East Side

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Mario Maffi

For the first time told in its entirety, the social and cultural experience of New York's Lower East Side comes vividly to life in this book as that of a huge and complex laboratory ever swelled and fed by migrant flows and ever animated by a high-voltage tension of daily research and resistance - the fascinating history of the historical immigrant quarter that, in Manhattan, stretches between East 14th Street, East River, the access to the Brooklyn Bridge, and Lafayette Street. Irish and Germans at first, then Chinese and Italians and East European Jews, and finally Puerto Ricans gave birth, in its streets and sweatshops, cafés and tenements, to a lively multi-ethnic and cross-cultural community, which was at the basis of several modern artistic expressions, from literature to cinema, from painting to theatre. The book, based upon a rich wealth of historical materials (settlement reports, autobiographies, novels, newspaper articles) and on first-hand experience, explores the many different aspects of this long history from the late 19th century years to nowadays: the way in which immigrants reacted to the new environment and entered a fruitful dialectics with America, the way in which they reorganized their lives and expectations and struggled to defend a collective identity against all disintegrating factors, the way in which they created and disseminated cultural products, the way in which they functioned as a gigantic magnet attracting several outside artists and intellectuals. The book thus has a long introduction detailing the present situation and mainly depicting the realities within the Chinese and Puerto Rican communities and the fight against gentrification, six chapters on the Lower East Side's past history (its social and cultural geography, the relationship among the several different communities, the labor situation, the literary output, the development of an ethnic theatre, the neighborhood's influences upon turn-of-the-century American culture in the fields of sociology, photography, art, literature and cinema), and a conclusion summing up past and present and discussing the main aspects of a Lower East Side aesthetics.

George Sand lue à l'étranger

Récherches nouvelles 3. Actes du Colloque. George Sand hors de France. Amsterdam, juin 1994

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Edited by Suzan van Dijk

`George Sand hors de France': ainsi s'intitula le colloque que l'an dernier nous avions organisé en l'honneur de Françoise van Rossum-Guyon, fondatrice et présidente du Groupe de Recherches sur George Sand. Elle quittait alors l'Université d'Amsterdam pour retourner à Paris. Ce fut un moment tout indiqué pour réfléchir sur l'influence qu'a exercée aux Pays-Bas l'oeuvre de George Sand - romancière qui avait été si souvent sujet des cours et des publications de Françoise van Rossum-Guyon, et dont elle a certainement contribué - directement et indirectement - à augmenter le public actuel.
En présentant les actes de ce Colloque d'Amsterdam, nous les relions explicitement aux deux précédents recueils, rédigés par Françoise van Rossum-Guyon: Recherches nouvelles et Recherches nouvelles 2. Le second volume portait comme titre: George Sand: une oeuvre multiforme. Cette `multiformité', mise en évidence par les analyses des textes sandiens, sera suggérée d'une autre façon dans le présent recueil. En effet, par le biais de l'empirie l'histoire de la réception permet elle aussi d'éclairer la richesse de cette oeuvre. Dans la diversité de réactions que suscitaient hors de France les écrits de George Sand, nous nous attachons bien sûr particulièrement à celles provenant de ses contemporains néerlandais: à les inventorier et surtout à les faire comprendre. Ce faisant nous présentons les premiers résultats d'une recherche à laquelle se sont attelées plusieurs membres de notre Groupe.

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Edited by Jennifer Dilworth and Megan Stuart Jones

The International Year Book and Statesmen’s Who’s Who is an invaluable reference source for anyone interested in international affairs or international business. Established as an authoritative reference source on people, organisations and countries worldwide for almost 60 years – and used by governments, MPs, embassies, and IGOs – The International Year Book and Statesmen’s Who’s Who is the only directory that includes international organisations, states of the world, and an extensive number of biographies in one volume.

The International Year Book and Statesmen’s Who’s Who is available in print and online. Purchasers of the print edition have access to the online version at no extra charge.

International Organisations: covers the main international and national organizations world-wide. It features detailed entries on the UN, its specialised and affiliated agencies, the EU and major inter-governmental organisations. The International Year Book and Statesmen's Who's Who also includes overviews of a further 500 international and national organisations, from political and humanitarian groups, through environment and agriculture to international trade, commerce, human rights and law.

The States of the World: this section provides information on over 380 countries, provinces, state dependencies and territories – their cabinet members, political and economic structure and news, demographics, industries, transport, media, health, education and legal systems, environment, religions and public holidays. Also included are individual entries for each of the US states, Canadian provinces, Indian states, Australian states and territories, South African provinces, and German federal states. The States of the World section features contact details for government ministries, embassies, courts, central banks, utilities, and transport and media organisations, and offers approximately 11,000 useful internet addresses. State flags are included in full colour.

Biographies: features over 3,000 biographies, including politicians from every country of the world, diplomats, heads of international organisations and many more. Biographies for US governors, congressional representatives and senators are also included. For ease of use, people included in the International Organisations and States of the World sections are cross-referenced to the biographies section. This section will tell you who’s who, how to contact them (including approximately 2,500 internet and e-mail addresses),where they were educated, who they have worked for, which organisations they belong to, what awards they have won, and both professional and personal interests.

Preliminary Section
The preliminary section includes information on country membership of major organisations and a calendar of forthcoming elections.

Online: Even more content is available in The International Year Book and Statesmen's Who's Who Online. The product has a clear interface and comprehensive search facilities. All URLs and emails are hypertext linked and include extensive links to full-text constitutions of the states of the world. Entries also include a colour national flag and are linked to clear state maps.

The online version also includes the prestigious Who's Who in Public International Law, providing unique access to the main players within international law. Who’s Who in Public International Law aims to present biographies of experts working in the arena of international law including such areas as trade, investment, the environment, humanitarian law, human rights and international criminal law. It is the only directory which focuses on prominent people working in International Law. Those included in the publication have participated in international tribunals, including criminal courts and human rights courts.

Holders of the print edition have access to the online edition until 31 December 2012 using the 12 digit access token on the dust jacket of the book. To activate your online access to IYB go to http://brillonline.nl/accesstoken use the token code printed on this dust jacket and fill out the details.

Religion in a Pluralistic Society

Essays Presented to Professor C.G. Baëta in Celebration of his Retirement from the Service of the University of Ghana, September 1971, by Friends and Colleagues Scattered over the Globe

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Edited by Pobee