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Alan Jones

Jones, A. An Eleventh-century Manual of Arabo-Byzantine Astronomy. 1987
O. Neugebauer has written an excellent commentary on the anonymous "Methods of Computing Various Astronomical Hypotheses". The present volume is intended to complement Neugebauer's commentary by supplying a critical edition and translation of the "Methods", along with notes that mostly concern textual problems and the identification of sources in Arabic astronomy, aspects of the work that are less exhaustively treated by Neugebauer.
CAB 3 (1987), 199 p. 22x30 cm. - 60.00 EURO, ISBN: 9050630146

The Tools of Asclepius

Surgical Instruments in Greek and Roman Times

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Lawrence Bliquez

With The Tools of Asclepius Lawrence Bliquez offers the first comprehensive treatment in English of the instruments and paraphernalia employed by Greco-Roman surgeons since John St. Milne’s Surgical Instruments in Greek and Roman Times (1907).
Introductory sections cover topics ranging from literary and archaeological sources to the design, materials and production of instruments and the training and practice of the doctors-surgeons who used them. Summaries of Hippocratic and Hellenistic surgery lead to the meat of the book: tools used during the Roman Empire. These are presented by category (e.g. Cutting Instruments) broken into subcategories (Scalpel, Lithotome, etc.). A substantial appendix deals with biodegradable items, such as suppositories. Much new material is featured and the book is richly illustrated.

Text and Tradition

Studies in Ancient Medicine and its Transmission. Presented to Jutta Kollesch

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Edited by Fischer, Nickel and Potter

The thirteen original studies collected in this volume range from detailed paleographical examinations of individual papyri, manuscripts and printed books to scholarly interpretations of particular medical texts in their cultural, intellectual and historical contexts.
Subjects handled include an early testimony to the philosopher Empedocles, the development of general disease concepts from specific cases in the Hippocratic writings, the use of the word 'contagion' in the Roman medical writer Caelius Aurelianus, a Vienna manuscript which presents the contents of several Galenic treatises in the form of stemmatic diagrams, and the reception of Galen's medical system in Montpellier around 1300.
With contributors from seven countries writing in four languages, this volume provides convincing evidence of the vitality and richness of scholarship in ancient medicine at the close of the twentieth century.

Der Kommentar in Antike und Mittelalter, Bd. 2

Neue Beiträge zu seiner Erforschung

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Edited by Wilhelm Geerlings and Christian Schulze

This second collection of essays deals again with the (more than just literary) genre of 'commentary' in Antiquity and the Middle Ages. It is based on the work of the Bochum Graduiertenkolleg 237, where aspects such as the definition and form of commentary texts were discussed. This volume presents a selection of 14 papers which were given at the colloquia over the last six years. Introductions, but also special topics from Greek and Latin Philology, Philosophy, Art History, Theology and Medical History are presented by the contributors. Emphasis is given to Philosophy and Art History, the latter examining the question of pictures as commentaries.
Contributors include: Viola Belghaus; Mamuka Beriaschwili; Tina Dolidze; Wilhelm Geerlings; Tengiz Iremadze; Rainer Jakobi; Rainer Jakobi; Ralf Krumeich; Christian Schulze; Zaza Shatirishvili; Guram Tevzadze; Nina Valenzuela Montenegro; Susanne Wittekind; Barbara Zipser.

Blood, Sweat and Tears

The Changing Concepts of Physiology from Antiquity into Early Modern Europe

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Edited by Manfred Horstmanshoff, Helen King and Claus Zittel

The history of anatomy has been the subject of much recent scholarship. This volume shifts the focus to the many different ways in which the function of the body and its fluids were understood in pre-modern European thought. Contributors demonstrate how different academic disciplines can contribute to our understanding of ‘physiology’, and investigate the value of this category to pre-modern medicine.
The book contains individual essays on the wider issues raised by ‘physiology’, and detailed case studies that explore particular aspects and individuals. It will be useful to those working on medicine and the body in pre-modern cultures, in disciplines including classics, history of medicine and science, philosophy, and literature.

Contributors include Barbara Baert, Marlen Bidwell-Steiner, Véronique Boudon-Millot, Rainer Brömer, Elizabeth Craik, Tamás Demeter, Valeria Gavrylenko, Hans L. Haak, Mieneke te Hennepe, Sabine Kalff, Rina Knoeff, Sergius Kodera, Liesbet Kusters, Karine van ‘t Land, Tomas Macsotay, Michael McVaugh, Vivian Nutton, Barbara Orland, Jacomien Prins, Julius Rocca, Catrien Santing, Daniel Schäfer, Emma Sidgwick, Frank W. Stahnisch, Diana Stanciu, Michael Stolberg, Liba Taub, Fabio Tutrone, Katrien Vanagt, and Marion A. Wells.

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Sami Aydin

The physician and commentator Sergius of Reshaina (d. 536) composed two related texts in Syriac about the philosophy of Aristotle, chiefly dealing with themes discussed by Aristotle in his Categories, but also with his teaching on space as found in the Physics. This book presents a critical edition and English translation of the shorter of these texts. A survey of Sergius’ life and works is given in the introduction and the intellectual context of his education in Alexandria is outlined, with focus on the medical and philosophical curricula of the Alexandrian school. Sergius’ line of thought is clarified and his text is compared to Greek commentaries on the Categories that also present the teaching of his Neoplatonist master Ammonius Hermeiou.

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Johann Christoph Bürgel

Edited by Fabian Käs

Das vorliegende Buch widmet sich den Lebensumständen und der Berufsethik der arabischen Ärzte des Mittelalters. Auf der Grundlage zahlreicher biographischer, protreptischer, deontologischer und isagogischer Schriften untersucht Bürgel verschiedenste Aspekte der medizinischen Ausbildung, der Berufsausübung und der Rolle von Ärzten in der islamischen Gesellschaft. Besonderes Augenmerk gilt dabei der Bewahrung und Weiterentwicklung der antiken griechischen Berufsethik. Ein weiterer Schwerpunkt liegt auf den Wechselbeziehungen zwischen wissenschaftlicher Medizin und islamischer Religion.

The present book investigates conditions of life and professional ethics of the Arab physicians in the Middle Ages. Based on a multitude of biographical, protreptic, deontological, and isagogic texts, Bürgel analyzes diverse aspects of medical education, professional conduct, and the role of doctors in Islamicate societies. Special attention is given to the survival and further development of ancient Greek professional ethics. Another focus is on the interrelations between scientific medicine and Islamic religion.



Ancient Concepts of the Hippocratic

Papers Presented at the XIIIth International Hippocrates Colloquium, Austin, Texas, August 2008 

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Edited by Lesley Dean-Jones and Ralph M. Rosen

In Ancient Concepts of the Hippocratic, Lesley Dean-Jones and Ralph Rosen have gathered 19 international authorities in ancient medicine to identify commonalities among the treatises of the Hippocratic Corpus which led scholars of antiquity to group them under the single name of Hippocrates. Most recent scholarship has drawn attention to the divergences between individual treatises and groups of treatises, emphasizing the agonistic facet of the ancient medical profession. In contrast, in this volume contributors look to find points of agreement between the writings that go beyond claims of rationality. Topics considered include ontological claims about the discipline of medicine itself, the view of the patient as a perceiving unity, theories on the function of glands and the importance of regimen.