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The 'Mother of all Trades'

The Baltic Grain Trade in Amsterdam from the Late 16th to the Early 19th Century


Milja van Tielhof

In the early-modern period, the Dutch called the grain trade on the Baltic the 'mother of all trades', as they considered it to be the basis of most of their trade and shipping and indeed the cornerstone of the Dutch economy. For a very long time the mass grain exports from the Baltic were dominated by the Dutch, and
Amsterdam was the central entrepôt from which the grain was distributed over the Dutch hinterland and the rest of Europe.
This book aims to present a general history of the 'mother of all trades' and particularly shows the fundamental importance for transaction costs, including the costs for transport, insurance and protection, the quality of the local services sector in Amsterdam, the influence of monetary and mercantile policies, and the efficiency of trade organization.

Emvlemy i Simvoly (1788)

The First Russian Emblem Book. Edited and Translated by A. Hippisley



In 1788 Nestor Ambodik brought out a Russian edition of the well-known emblem book, Symbola et Emblemata, originally published in Holland in 1705 under the auspices of Peter the Great. In particular, Ambodik added what was to be the first treatise in Russian on Emblems, heraldry and classical iconology.
The present edition is a facsimile of Ambodik's Emvlemy I Simvoly, with a translation of his Russian text and an exhaustive index of all the 840 emblems. Anthony Hippisley also prefaces the edition with an introductory article throwing light on the sources of the emblem book and on its importance in eighteenth-century Russian culture.
The facsimile edition makes available to scholars a comparatively rare book that played an important role in the Russian Enlightenment and whose impact is to be seen in the Fine Arts, applied art and literature of the time.


Edited by Alexia Grosjean and Steve Murdoch

Migration is a fundamental feature of human experience. This extraordinary collection of essays focuses on a particularly intriguing sequence of migrations: those of Scots during the period 1600-1800. The book first considers the “near-abroad” (Ireland), the “middle-abroad” (Poland and Lithuania), and the “far-abroad” (the Americas), and then details a number of acutely revealing case histories of Scottish communities in Bergen (Norway), Rotterdam and the Maas (the Netherlands), Gothenburg (Sweden), Kèdainiai (Lithuania), and Hamburg (Germany). Then, concentrating on the Netherlands, the focus shifts to specific cultural/occupational milieux: exiles (usually for religious reasons), students, and soldiers or sailors. In conclusion, three leading scholars—Lex Heerma van Voss, Sølvi Søgner, and Thomas O’Connor—offer wider contextual perspectives that compare the Scottish experience with that of other countries. As Professor T.C. Smout says in his Foreword, “The present volume is a breakthrough, surely the biggest advance in the field for a hundred years.”

Contributors include: Douglas Catterall, David Dobson, Patrick Fitzgerald, Ginny Gardner, Alexia Grosjean, Lex Heerma van Voss, Waldemar Kowalski, Andrew Little, Esther Mijers, Steve Murdoch, Thomas O’Connor, Nina Østby Pedersen, T.C. Smout, Sølvi Sogner, Kathrin Zickermann, and Rimantas Žirgulis.


Edited by Jean Rott

During the last forty years there has been a remarkable resurgence in interest by 16th-century historians in the Strasbourg Reformer, Martin Bucer (1491-1551). The components and originality of his thoughts and his actions, as well as the reality of his ideas are emerging more and more. This is largely due to the new edition of his works undertaken by an international committee, established in 1952. This edition is divided into three sections: Opera Latina (of which 5 volumes have appeared since 1953 : vols. 1-3, 15 and 15 bis); Deutsche Schriften (10 volumes since 1960: vols. 1-6, 3, 7 and 17); Correspondance (vol. 1, 1979). The present second volume of the Correspondance (1524-1526) essentially covers five themes: 1) the controversies with the Roman church, 2) the evangelical propaganda, especially in the Roman speaking countries, 3) the sacramentarian dispute and the search for reconciliation, 4) the Peasant war and 5) the beginning of the anabaptist crisis.

Warfare and Belligerence

Perspectives in First World War Studies


Edited by Pierre Purseigle

The essays collected here suggest some of the ways in which an interdisciplinary perspective may contribute to our understanding of the Great War. Contributors examine the relationship between the character of the war and the nature of belligerent societies, and present original research on the comparative history of the First World War. In 1914-1918, the front lines did not only separate warring nations, but also cut across belligerent societies and ultimately determined the social responses to the conflict. Indeed, the ‘totalizing logic’ of the First World War entailed the blurring of boundaries between combatants and non-combatants, soldier and civilian. Subjects included are operational and tactical evolution, social mobilization, military discipline and morale, prisoners of war, veterans and demobilization, religion and politics, war literature and cinema, memory and commemoration.

Contributors: Pierre Purseigle; Patrick Porter; Dennis Showalter; Leonard V. Smith; Nicolas Ginsburger; Elise Julien; Paul Mulvey; Keith Grieves; Leen Engelen; Nicolas Beaupre; Jennifer D. Keene; Elizabeth Fordham; Vanda Wilcox; Heather Jones; Gearoid Barry.


Edited by Karl A. E.. Enenkel, Jan de Jong and Jeanine De Landtsheer

This volume deals with the question: how did scholars and artists in the early modern period represent, or rather, recreate (Greek and Roman) history? It appears that ancient history was not just studied so as to reconstruct the past, it was used as a way of understanding and legitimizing the present.
Sixteen authors from various disciplines have studied the works of scholars and artists in different media so as to reveal how they used ancient history as a rich field of raw material, that could be used, recycled and adapted to new needs and purposes.
The studies in this volume are important for historians of the early modern period from all disciplines, and for all those interested in the reception of classical antiquity.

Contributors include: Maria Berbera, Jan Bloemendal, Anton Boschloo, Jeanine De Landtsheer, Jan L. de Jong, Karl Enenkel, Marc Laureys, Olga van Marion, Alicia Montoya, Mark Morford, Bettina Noak, Sjaak Onderdelinden, Paul Smith, Wilfried Stroh, Francesca Terrenato, Arnoud Visser, and Bart Westerweel.

This publication has also been published in paperback, please click here for details.

Via Augustini: Augustine in the later Middle Ages, Renaissance and Reformation

Essays in Honor of Damasus Trapp, O.S.A. In cooperation with E.L. Saak


Edited by Heiko A. Oberman and Frank A. James

For forty years Damasus Trapp has been the foremost scholar of late medieval Augustinianism. His work has made a major contribution to our understanding of Augustine's influence on intellectual life of Europe from the 14th to the 16th century.
In the present volume the heritage of Augustine in the later Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Reformation is illustrated by contributions from leading scholars in the field, which range from academic disputation at Oxford in the early 14th century, to the world of John Calvin in the 16th century. It is the diversity of the Augustinian tradition that is documented here.
The authors of the articles collected in this volume have investigated anew such well known sources as Gregory of Rimini's Sentences Commentary and Johannes von Staupitz's sermons. In addition, they have brought to light previously unknown works such as Antonius Rampegolus' Figurae Bibliorum and an anonymous Sermo de Antichristo. In this collection the richness of the Augustinian tradition in the later Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Reformation appears, a broad via Augustini, which Damasus Trapp has done so much to illuminate. This Festschrift is a testimony to the continuous influence and inspiration of his contribution.

Katharina Schütz Zell (2 vols.)

Volume One. The Life and Thought of a Sixteenth-Century Reformer - Volume Two. The Writings, A Critical Edition


Elsie Anne McKee

The life story and theological writings of Katharina Schütz Zell (1498-1562) present an unusually full picture of an urban lay woman in the Protestant Reformation.
The daughter of an established artisan in the free imperial city of Strasbourg, Katharina Schütz married the reformer Matthew Zell and became a partner in one of the first Protestant ‘clergy couples’. More than a pioneer pastor’s wife, Schütz Zell carried out a lifelong ministry of teaching, writing, and speaking out, as well as the charitable work and hospitality traditionally expected of a woman.
Part one of Volume 1 paints Schütz Zell’s biography in the context of her age, part two explores the main features of her biblical theology and literary activity, giving particular attention to Schütz Zell’s convictions about the ministries of women and laity.
Volume 2 provides access for the first time to the literary corpus of an outstanding lay leader of the early Protestant Reformation, one of the most articulate women authors of her age.
An educated Strasbourg craftswoman and pastor’s wife, Katharina Schütz Zell wrote German fluently.
Her works, some published in her lifetime, others preserved only in manuscript, are remarkable for their time-span (1524-1558) and the range of genres: from devotional, educational, and pastoral text to sermonic literature and theological polemic.
Schütz Zell’s writings reveal a lively mind, considerable Biblical knowledge, and unusual historical gifts. Her practically unknown autograph letter to Caspar Schwenckfeld is particularly important for the new light it sheds on confessionalization in the 1550’s and one woman’s friendly but sturdy intellectual independence.