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Edited by Liu Nanlai, Tao Zhenghua, Fried van Hoof, Jacqueline Smith and Peter R. Baehr

This volume contains the papers which were presented at a symposium on human rights, held in September 1994 in Beijing and organized within the framework of an academic programme of co-operation between the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences. The focal point of most of the papers is the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action - adopted during the 1993 Vienna World Conference on Human Rights - which, from the perspective of particularly the Chinese participants, is considered as marking a new beginning in the field of human rights. Taking the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action as a point of departure the following main themes were the subject of discussion at the symposium and are more or less similarly reflected in the present volume: universality versus particularity; individual rights versus collective rights; national sovereignty and matters of international concern; ratification of international treaties.

Kay Hailbronner

The harmonization of the different European legal systems has reached the field of asylum and immigration policy. The Maastricht Treaty has established the legal basis for a common migration policy. Numerous resolutions, recommendations, joint positions and actions were adopted by the EU Council based on the `third pillar' in the Maastricht Treaty. Within the `first pillar' the European Community has enacted regulations on visa policy based on Art. 100c EC - Treaty. Additionally, several agreements with third countries on immigration issues were set into force.
Immigration and Asylum Law and Policy of the European Union comprehensively describes the present state of the harmonization process concerning migration policy in the European Union. Particular emphasis is laid on the legal status of third-country nationals with regard to entry and residence. Furthermore, the gaps within EU regulations are evaluated in an attempt to search for a homogenous European migration policy.

Edited by Nigel Lowe and Gillian Douglas

Comprising 56 of the papers originally presented at the highly successful 8th World Conference of the International Society of Family held in Cardiff, UK, Families Across Frontiers provides a unique and invaluable global insight into how both the international community and individual states are attempting to deal with problems and issues raised by families crossing political and cultural frontiers. The book offers detailed consideration of many of the major international instruments affecting the family, such as the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, the European Convention on Human Rights, the UN Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, the Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, the Hague Convention on Inter-Country Abduction, the Hague and European Convention on International Child Abduction, the Hague Convention on Recognition and Enforcement of Maintenance Obligation and on The Law Applicable to Maintenance Obligations and on the Inter-American Convention Support Obligations.
Written by experts from 20 different nations, this book provides indispensable reading for those wishing to enhance their understanding of the increasingly important international dimension of family law.

Edited by Subrata Roy Chowdhury, Erik M.G. Denters and de Waart

The chapters in this volume are based on the papers that were presented at the Calcutta seminar organized in March 1992 by the ILA Committee on Lehal Aspects of a New International Economic Order (NIEO). The conference focused on the right to development, in particular its ideas and ideology, human rights aspects and implementation in specific areas of international law. The volume is accordingly organized in three parts.
The chapters cover a vast area of subjects, derived from the UN Declaration of the Right to Development. From the developed and underdeveloped world 33 authors discuss topics including: contents, scope and implementation of the right to development; human rights of individuals and peoples; co-operation between the European Community and the Lomé IV states; current developments in investments treaties; refugee protection; development and democracy; concept of sustainable development; environmental issues; protection of intellectual property; transfer of technology; human rights in international financial institutions; and the legal conceptualization of the debt crisis.
Professor Oscar Schachter observes in the first chapter that the Declaration continues to be a `challenging subject for legal commentary' for its `detable legal status, its combination of collective and individual rights, its expansive conception of development and its equivocal obligation'.
Apart from support, doubts about the concept to the right to development may also be found in this volume.

Edited by Kathleen E. Mahoney and Paul Mahoney

This unique and challenging volume is the result of a major international rights conference entitled Human Rights in the Twenty-First Century: A Global Challenge convened in Banff, Alberta, Canada in November 1990.
The conference was supported and organized under the auspices of the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe, The European Court of Human Rights, the European Human Rights Commission, the Strasbourg Institute of Comparative Human Rights Law, the Alberta Law Foundation and the International Centre at the University of Calgary.
Its main objectives were legal education and legal research, which were met by a total of 92 speakers representing 24 different nationalities presenting their views on 24 human rights topics. Women and participants from developing countries in particular, brought a new vision of human rights to topics as varied as reproductive technology, state violence, and biotechnology.
The theme of this book is thus the interdependence of legal, social, economic and environmental problems which transcend national and international boundaries and the spirit of solidarity which is required to resolve them.
Written by a team of international and renowned human experts, it will provide a substantial contribution to the legal literature on international human rights.

Principles of International Development Law

Progressive Development of the Principles of International Law Relating to the New International Economic Order - 2nd Revised Edition


Milan Bulajic

Edited by Enid Barron and Ilga Nielsen

The growing population of Europe needs adequate and wholesome food at reasonable prices and a sufficient supply of pure drinking water. Accommodating this need and the many other pressures on land while maintaining biodiversity, ecosystems, and cultural landscapes is a matter of continuing concern and debate in Europe. The changing nature of agriculture, concerns about agricultural subsidies and surpluses, food and water quality issues, and discussion of the future of the European Union (EU)'s Common Agricultural Policy have all increased the intensity of this debate in recent years. Through its discussion of how best to achieve sustainable land use, Agriculture and Sustainable Land Use in Europe tackles this wide range of issues, examining problems faced by the EU concerning the future of rural communities, the maintenance of an attractive and diverse countryside, and more. This work comprises papers presented at two conferences organised by groups of European Environmental Advisory Councils. These papers offer the reader access to a broad range of experience and points of view, making Agriculture and Sustainable Land Use in Europe a contribution of particular value to the debate on these issues.


Edited by George Ulrich and Louise Krabbe Boserup

The present edition of the Human Rights in Development Yearbook is the thirteenth edition in this series. With this volume, the yearbook’s formal structure has shifted from that of a journal to a thematic anthology.
The theme of this year’s volume is “Reparations: Redressing Past Wrongs”. The articles contained in the publication primarily stem from contributions prepared for a conference entitled “The Right to Compensation and Related Remedies for Racial Discrimination” that was hosted by the Danish Centre for Human Rights in April 2001. The conference was organised in anticipation of the World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, which was held in Durban in September 2001. The publication consists of 15 articles divided into four main parts addressing the subjects of “Reparations at the National and Regional Levels”, “Precedence and Standing of International Law”, “The Moral and Social Aspects of Reparation” and “Reflections”.

Human Rights in Development is the result of a joint research project born out of longstanding co-operation between the following research institutes and centres for human rights: the Christian Michelsen Institute, Bergen; the Danish Centre for Human Rights, Copenhagen; the Icelandic Human Rights Centre, Reykjavik; the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights, Vienna; the International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development, Montreal; the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights, Utrecht; the Norwegian Institute of Human Rights, Oslo; the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Lund and Åbo Academy University, Åbo.


Edited by Council of Europe/Conseil de l'Europe

The seminar on `Freedom of Association' was held in Reykjavik (Iceland) from 26 to 28 August 1993. It was organised by the Directorate of Human Rights of the Council of Europe in cooperation with the Ministry of Justice of Iceland, and dealt with the following four themes: freedom of association and political democracy; freedom of association and civil society; freedom of association and social democracy; freedom to form and join or not to join trade unions.
Written communications were presented on the following subjects: case law of Article 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights, freedom of association and the freedom of associations, freedom of association of immigrants in Europe, freedom of association and public service and freedom of association, labour law and the needs of a democratic society.
About one hundred personalities took part: representatives of governments of member States, representatives of non-governmental organisations, members of the European Commission and Court of Human Rights, professors and other interested persons from Central, Western and Eastern Europe competent in the fields covered by the themes of the Seminar.
This publication contains the Proceedings of the Seminar: the official speeches made at the opening ceremony, the reports and written communications, the interventions, the final report and the list of participants.

Le Séminaire sur la `Liberté d'association' a eu lieu à Reykjavik (Islande) du 26 au 28 août 1993. Il a été organisé par la Direction des Droits de l'Homme du Conseil de l'Europe en collaboration avec le Ministère de la Justice de l'Islande. Les travaux du Séminaire de Reykjavik ont été axés sur les quatre thèmes suivants: liberté d'association et démocratie politique; liberté des associations et société civile; liberté d'association et démocratie sociale; liberté de fonder avec d'autres des syndicats et de s'y affilier.
Des communications écrites ont été présentées sur les questions suivantes: jurisprudence de l'Article 11 de la Convention européenne des Droits de l'Homme, liberté d'association et libertés des associations, liberté d'association des immigrés en Europe, liberté d'association et fonction publique et liberté d'association, droit du travail et les besoins d'une société démocratique.
Une centaine de personnalités y ont participé: représentants de gouvernements des pays membres et d'organisations non gouvernementales, membres de la Commission et de la Cour européennes des Droits de l'Homme, personnalités du monde académique et autres personnalités de l'Europe occidentale, centrale et orientale compétentes dans les secteurs concernés par les thèmes du Séminaire.
La présente publication contient les actes du Séminaire: les allocutions officielles faites lors de la cérémonie d'ouverture, les rapports et communications écrites présentés, les interventions, le rapport final et la liste des participants.

Burns Weston and Stephen Marks

The Future of International Human Rights analyzes and assesses emerging domains of international human rights law and practice, the development of which is part of the legacy of the Universal Declaration, and explores the viable pathways to the future that the Declaration opens up.

Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.


Edited by Göran Melander, Gudmundur Alfredsson and Leif Holmström

In 1997, The Raoul Wallenberg Institute Compilation of Human Rights Instruments was published by Martinus Nijhoff Publishers as the first volume in the series “The Raoul Wallenberg Institute Human Rights Library”. In 2004, the second edition of that Compilation was published, and the present publication is the third, revised edition of the book.
Since the second edition of the Compilation went out of print, major human rights treaties have entered, or are about to enter, into force, and a number of non-treaty instruments have been adopted. The dynamic development in international human rights law and the increasing number of instruments have brought about a revision in the selection of instruments to be included in this new edition of the Compilation. Like in the previous editions, the selection of instruments is based on the experience acquired by staff of the Raoul Wallenberg Institute; most of the reproduced texts are the subject of frequent references in courses, seminars and workshops organized by the Institute. The chosen treaties and non-treaty instruments are either universal or regional; some of them are of a general nature while others have specific or specialized contents. They cover, among others, civil, political, economic, social, cultural and solidarity rights