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Eight Decades of General Linguistics

The History of CIPL and Its Role in the History of Linguistics

Edited by Ferenc Kiefer and Piet van Sterkenburg

Eight Decades of General Linguistics presents the key lectures delivered at the eighteen conferences organized by the Permanent International Committee of Linguists and also a history of the Committee itself. The contributions of outstanding scholars such as Otto Jesperson, Louis Hjelmslev, André Martinet, Uriel Weinreich, Noam Chomsky and many other linguists cannot be over-estimated. The majority of the papers address a radically new topic, each of which became one of the central issues in subsequent linguistic research. In addition to their empirical findings and/or the theoretical innovations presented in their papers, each contribution is still interesting and pivotal to the development of contemporary linguistics.

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Heinrich F. Plett

The present study provides an extensive treatment of the topic of enargeia on the basis of the classical and humanist sources of its theoretical foundation. These serve as the basis for detailed analyses of verbal and pictorial works of the Classical Antiquity and the Early Modern Age. Their theoretical basis is the tradition of classical rhetoric with its principal representatives (Aristotle, Cicero, Quintilian) and their reception history. The ‘enargetic’ approach to the arts may be described as rhetoric of presence and display, or aesthetics of evidence and imagination. Visual imagination plays a major role in the concepts of effect in oratory, poetry, and drama of the Classical Antiquity and the Early Modern Age. Its implementations are manifested in the Second Sophistic and in the Early Modern Age, there above all in the works of William Shakespeare.

Berg-Sehn-Sucht

Der Alpenraum in der deutschsprachigen Literatur

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Kathrin Geist

Wenn Sehnen zur Sucht wird: Literarische Texte über die Alpen zeigen nicht nur sehnsuchtsvolle Idyllen im menschenleeren Raum, sondern auch jene Abgründe, in die der Mensch beim Besteigen der Gipfel blickt.

Die Alpen sind Seismograph für den Umgang ihrer Einwohner mit den Naturräumen des Kontinents. Ihr Ökosystem ist Erholungs- und Wirtschaftsraum, Transitstrecke und Heimatort, Zentrum und Trennung des deutschsprachigen Raums. Die Literatur hat an diesem Umgang des Menschen mit dem Alpenraum einen wesentlichen Anteil, an jenen Sehnsüchten, Phantasien und Abgründen, die mit ihm verbunden werden. Sie verändert die Sichtweise auf die Alpen und gibt dem Menschen Anlass, über den Kultur- und Öko-Raum Alpen zu reflektieren. Mithilfe eines innovativen theoretischen Konzepts zur Erfassung von Räumen in der Literatur wird die Kulturgeschichte der Alpen in deutschsprachigen und internationalen Texten von der Antike bis zu Gegenwart dargestellt.

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Edited by Stewart Gregory

La plupart des sermons de saint Bernard en prose française du XIIe siècle sont présentés au public pour la première fois. L'intérêt de ce texte est triple. En premier lieu, de provenance wallonne, il permet de cerner de près des traits dialectaux à une date assez haute, et surtout des faits lexicaux. En second lieu, en tant que traduction fidèle mais idiomatique du latin original, il constitue un réservoir d'informations pour ceux qui s'intéressent à la théorie et à la pratique de la traduction. Finalement, en tant que texte écrit en prose, il constitue un fonds indispensable pour une étude éventuelle de la syntaxe française du XIIe qui ne dépendra pas excessivement des données fournies par les textes poétiques de l'époque. L'édition comporte une Introduction portant essentiellement sur la langue du manuscrit, une table de leçons non conservées, des notes, et un glossaire assez exhaustif.

Anfangsgeschichten / Origin Stories

Der Beginn volkssprachiger Schriftlichkeit in komparatistischer Perspektive / The Rise of Vernacular Literacy in a Comparative Perspective

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Edited by Elke Krotz, Stephan Müller, Norbert Kössinger, Pavlina Rychterova and Pavlína Rychterová

From the fifth to the sixteenth centuries, what we know today as the “vernacular languages” developed across Europe. The present volume focuses from a determinedly comparative perspective on the process of the integration of the linguae vernaculae vel barbaricae into the domain of literacy and learning. Exemplary case studies explore the issue of the beginnings of vernacular literacy at the intersection of historical sciences, philology, linguistics, media history, and literary sciences to analyse discernable patterns and norms. In this way, the common and traditional national philological narratives of the respective “Origin Stories of written tradition” are questioned and discussed.

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Robin D. Rollinger

One of the most important students of Franz Brentano was Anton Marty, who made it his task to develop a philosophy of language on the basis of Brentano’s analysis of mind. It is most unfortunate that Marty does not receive the attention he deserves, primarily due to his detailed and distracting polemics. In the analysis presented here his philosophy of language and other aspects of his thought, such as his ontology (which ultimately diverges from Brentano’s), are examined first and foremost in their positive rather than critical character. The analysis is moreover supplemented by translations of four important works by Marty, including his entire work On the Origin of Language. These are in fact the first English translations of any substantial writings by him. The resulting picture that emerges from the analysis and translations is that Marty has much to say that proves to be of enduring interest for the philosophy of language on a range of topics, especially the meanings of statements, of emotive expressions, and of names as regards both their communicative and their ontological aspects. The volume will be of interest not only to philosophers and historians of philosophy, but also to historians of linguistics and psychology.

Edited by Jürgen Trabant

Die Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften hat den 250. Geburtstag Wilhelm von Humboldts mit einem wissenschaftlichen Programm gefeiert, dessen Ergebnisse der vorliegende Band dokumentiert.

Humboldts Begegnung mit der Antike, vor allem mit der griechischen Sprache und Dichtung, ist das erste prägende geistige Erlebnis, das Humboldts Leben von der Tegeler Jugend an durchzieht. Das zweite ist die Begegnung mit Schiller und Goethe, Weimar. Im Nachdenken über Schillers und Goethes Dichtung erfasst Humboldt zum ersten Mal das Wesen der Sprache. Der Vielfalt der Sprachen der Welt widmet er dann sein vergleichendes Sprachstudium. Rom ist der Ort, an dem Griechenland und Weimar weitergedacht werden. Das Schicksal Griechenlands bestimmt seine Geschichtsauffassung und die Horizonte seines politischen Handelns. Die drei Begriffe des Buchtitels „Sprache, Dichtung und Geschichte“ entstammen der Begegnung mit Griechenland, Weimar und der Welt.

Der muoz mir süezer Worte jehen

Liber amicorum für Norbert Voorwinden

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Edited by Ludo Jongen and Sjaak Onderdelinden

Usually memorial volumes presented on the occasion of anniversaries or of the retirement of a respected colleague display little coherence, however hard the editors have tried to cover the diversity with the cloak of charity. The Festschrift for Norbert Voorwinden is no exception to the rule. The wide range of research of the Leiden Germanic and medieval scholar has prompted fourteen contributors to highlight various aspects of Dr Voorwinden's scholarly interests. Naturally attention is paid to the problem of orality, both in time (from the Middle Ages to the present) and in space (from the Middle East to Scotland). The borderland between Holland and Germany is approached from historical, linguistic and literary angles. Besides, Arthurian studies, paleography, philosophy, theology, and Frisia come up for discussion. A bibliographical survey of Norbert Voorwinden's scholarly work concludes this memorial volume.

Secular Learning in Anglo-Saxon England

Exploring the Vernacular

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Edited by Sándor Chardonnens and Bryan Carella

The fruits of Anglo-Saxon learning continue to captivate Anglo-Saxonists and scholars of natural science and medicine, witness recent publications such as Martin Blake’s edition of Ælfric's De temporibus anni (2009), and the proceedings of the Storehouses of Wholesome Learning and Leornungcræft projects. In 1992, Stephanie Hollis and Michael Wright took stock of secular learning in the vernacular, in their monumental annotated bibliography Old English Prose of Secular Learning. The present volume surveys and evaluates advances in the study of Anglo-Saxon secular learning from the past two decades. It also consolidates an ongoing interest in scholarship by Anglo-Saxons by presenting nine original essays that focus on the disciplines of law, encyclopaedic notes, computus, medicine, charms, and prognostication, with a focus on learning in the vernacular, or the relationship between Latin and the vernacular. This volume is of interest for Anglo-Saxonists who work with vernacular sources of learning, and for historians of law, natural science, medicine, divination and magic.

Langue and Parole in Synchronic and Diachronic Perspective

Selected Proceedings of the XXXIst Annual Meeting of the Soicetas Linguistica Europaea, St. Andrews, 1998

Edited by Christopher Beedham

This volume contains 37 papers selected from the proceedings of the XXXIst Annual Meeting of the Societas Linguistica Europaea held at the University of St Andrews, Scotland in 1998. The general theme of the conference was 'langue and parole in synchronic and diachronic perspective', a theme chosen for its enduring importance and one which allowed speakers to reflect on the theoretical notions of langue and parole, to use them in an actual analysis or to present material beyond these core ideas. The breadth of papers published here and the eminence of many of the contributors reflects the fruitfulness of this approach.