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Edited by Hallaq and Little

This tribute to Charles J. Adams from colleagues and students includes essays on numerous aspects of Islamic civilization, beginning with early Islam down to the modern period. The Qur'ān receives the attention of five authors: Andrew Rippin focuses on references to the pre-Islamic Hanīfs, while Issa Boullata traces poetic citation in Qur'ānic exegesis. Sulami's commentary is discussed by Gerhard Böwering, and Hallaq draws attention to the unique place the Qur'ān occupied in Shātibī's legal theory. Finally, W.C. Smith looks at the Qur'ān from a comparativist perspective.
Ulrich Haarmann and Donald P. Little deal, respectively, with the attitudes of medieval Egyptians towards the Pyramids, and the nature of Sūfī institutions under the Mamluks. Mehdi Mohaghegh, Hasan Murad and Paul Walker treat philosophical and theological issues, while Eric Ormsby analyzes the structure of experience in Ghazali.
Sajida Alvi explores the religious writings of the eighteenth-century Indian scholar Panīpatī, and Üner Turgay examines Circassian immigration to the Ottoman Empire in the nineteenth century. Orthodoxy and aberrancy in the Ithna 'Asharī tradition is the subject of Savory's article, and the notion of literature in Arab and Islamic culture is treated by Wickens. Finally, Bernard Weiss compares Islamic and Western conceptions of law.

Hadji Bektach: un mythe et ses avatars

Genèse et évolution du soufisme populaire en Turquie


Irene Mélikoff

This volume deals with the history of popular religion in Turkey from its origins in the 13th century; the formation of the heterodoxies known as Bektashism and Alevism which are characterised by their syncretism and their religious tolerance; and the bipartition of these currents, both of which refer to the popular saint Hadji Bektash. This fascinating book analyses their beliefs and practices, offers a summary of their rich literature, and treats of the present evolution of these currents, their further prospects, and their anthropocentric, inter-denominational and ecumenical character.

Society and Culture in the Early Modern Middle East

Studies on Iran in the Safavid Period



The volume comprises a collection of 20 of the 43 papers presented at the Third International Round Table on Safavid Persia, held at the University of Edinburgh in August, 1998 and edited by the Round Table's organiser. The Third Round Table, the largest of the series to date, continued the emphasis of its predecessors on understanding and appreciating the legacy of the Safavid period by means of exchanges between both established and 'newer' scholars drawn from a variety of fields to facilitate an exchange of ideas, information, and methodologies across a broad range of academic disciplines between scholars from diverse disciplines and research backgrounds with a common interest in the history and culture of this period of Iran's history.

The Last Pagans of Iraq

Ibn Waḥshiyya and his Nabatean Agriculture


Jaakko Hämeen-Anttila

This is the first analysis in any language of the religious, philosophical and folkloristic content of Ibn Waḥshiyya's (d. 931) Nabatean Agriculture.
This enigmatic book, said to have been translated by Ibn Waḥshiyya from Syriac into Arabic, contains much material on Late Antique Paganism in Iraq and semi-learned reception of Greek philosophical thought.
The first part of the present book studies the question of authenticity, authorship and context of the Nabatean Agriculture, dated by the author to around 600 AD. The second part consists of 61 translated and annotated excerpts of the Nabatean Agriculture, until now available only in the Arabic original, as well as introductions to the world view of the text.

Barbary Corsairs

The End of a Legend 1800-1820


Daniel Panzac

From 1516 to 1830, the Barbary corsairs dominated the Ottoman provinces of Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli. The years between 1800-1820 were crucial. Until 1805, a spectacular revival of privateering allows the author to present the men, the practices and the results gained by the privateers. From 1805 to 1814, the Maghrib states gave up a great part of privateering on behalf of transportation and seaborne trade, taking advantage of their neutrality during the Napoleonic wars. The peace in 1814 and the internal weaknesses of the regencies carried away this original attempt. After Lord Exmouth's expedition in 1816, for the first time since three centuries, the Maghrib is prohibited from any seaborne activities and under the mercy of Europe.


Amnon Cohen

This is a book about the economic and social realities of a world that existed in the Middle East up to our days, seen through the Kaleidoscope of one important town - Jerusalem. The reconstruction of all the guilds that functioned during the Ottoman period draws on the untapped archives of the local court of Muslim Jerusalem (XVIth-XVIIIth centuries) - but it includes a plethora of information on the Christians and Jews of that town who actively participated in its economic life.
About 50 different guilds are described: Goldsmiths and blacksmiths, tourist guides and undertakers, tailors and carpenters, soap makers and cotton weavers, beauticians and bookbinders. The modus operandi of each guild, and of the system as a whole, are analysed and presented for the first time as precursers of civil society.
The book holds also 19 original documents - facsimiles plus translations - illustrating the activity of several central guilds.


Edited by Ulrike Freitag and William Clarence-Smith

This volume covers the long neglected history of Hadhramaut (southern Arabia) during the modern colonial era, together with the history of Hadhrami "colonies" in the Malay world, southern India, the Red Sea, and East Africa.
After an introduction placing Hadhramis in the context of other diasporas, there are sections on local and international politics, social stratification and integration, religious and social reform, and economic dynamics. The conclusion brings the story to the present day and outlines a research agenda.
Many aspects of Indian Ocean history are illuminated by this book, notably the role of non-Western merchants in the spread of capitalism, Islamisation and the controversies which raged within Islam, British and Ottoman strategic concerns, social antagonisms in southern Arabia, and the cosmopolitan character of coastal societies.

An Arabian Princess Between Two Worlds

Memoirs, Letters Home, Sequels to the Memoirs, Syrian Customs and Usages


Sayyida Salme and Emily Ruete

Edited by E.J. van Donzel

Princess Salme, daughter of Sa‘id ibn Sultan, ruler of Oman and Zanzibar, was born in Zanzibar on August 30, 1844. In 1866 she fled to Aden where she was baptized with the Christian name Emily and where she married the German merchant Rudolph Heinrich Ruete. In Hamburg three children were born. Her husband died in 1870, and after that she lived in several cities in Germany. In 1885 and again in 1888 she went to Zanzibar. Between 1889 and 1914 she lived in Jaffa and Beirut, and afterwards again in Germany. She died in Jena in 1924.
The present work contains a short biography of Princess Salme/Emily Ruete and of her son Rudolph Said-Ruete, a new English translation of her Memoirs, and an English version of her other writings, unpublished so far: Letters Home, Sequels to the Memoirs and Syrian Customs and Usages.



A History of the Druzes begins with an introduction to the early history of the Druzes, focusing on the religious, political, and social features that fostered the Druze community as a religious minority with its own particular characteristics, facilitating an understanding of the Druzes today.
Part two examines the period of decline of the Druzes in Lebanon and the emergence of their new center of settlement in Hawrān as well as the socio-political significance of the decline against the background of the history of the community.
Part three studies the situation of the Druze community during the years 1860-1914, when the new settlement in Hawrān took over the role played by the community in Lebanon in the past. It discusses the rise of the Atrash family, the type of feudality that existed in Hawrān, the interaction of the Druze community with its environment, and the community's internal socio-political development.
Part four is concerned with the repercussions of the mandate system on the socio-political situation of the Druzes community in the new constellation characterized by the dispute between Britain and France and by the emergence of Arab national movements. The post-1946/48 years are dealt with in a short concluding part which surveys the Druze communities in Syria, Lebanon and Israel and provides an historical perspective in evaluating the present situation of the Druzes in each of these countries.