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Marine Issues

From a Scientific, Political and Legal Perspective

Edited by Peter N. Ehlers, Elisabeth Mann-Borgese, Rüdiger Wolfrum and Cristina Hoß

This volume collects a number of essays and articles from about twenty experts in various fields connected to marine environmental issues. These essays were first presented at the XXVIII Pacem in Maribus Conference held in December 2000, at the International Tribunal of the Law of the Sea in Hamburg, Germany. The purpose of the Conference was to enhance awareness of the European public, governments, the private sector and academia about the importance of responsible ocean and coastal management based on ocean science. Reflecting the innovative interdisciplinary approach of the conference, these volume groups contributors from leading biologists, political scientists, geographers, and jurists according to specific regional relevance and not along strict disciplinary lines. This approach allows the experts to treat marine issues concerning regions such as the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, or the Black Sea in a comprehensive manner.
This collection could become an essential instrument for scholars and scientists working within the field of marine environmental issues.

Marine Scientific Research

The Operation and Status of Research Vessels and Other Platforms in International Law

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Florian Wegelein

The present analysis examines the legal framework for marine scientific research with a focus on research platforms. Oceanographers find themselves faced with a complex set of provisions governing their activities not only in waters of foreign jurisdiction. As the riches of the oceans have become known to decision-makers in coastal States, international action has set the course for an ever tighter regulation of the sea uses.
Part XIII is analysed with respect to the remaining freedoms of research. In addition, the book provides an overview of air and space law relevant to research activities, and their relationship with the 1982 LOS Convention. Other international instruments are analysed for their significance in the context of customary law. Examination of possible safeguards for research activities contained in Part XIII and XV (dispute settlement) complements the legal analysis of the 1982 LOS Convention.
Mutual trust and co-operation within regional organizations are, in conclusion, the most promising avenues for a more favourable research climate.
The book addresses a legal and scientific audience, which, at a practical or academic level, deals with the law of the sea at large and the regime of marine scientific research in particular.

Edited by R.J. Dupuy and Daniel Vignes

The fact that the Montego Bay Convention has been only ratified by 37 States at present and that it will be some time before the 60 ratifications required by Article 308 are achieved has not prevented states from acting in accordance with the rules drawn up by the Conference. Close on one hundred states have established either exclusive economic zones broadly modelled on Part V or 200-nautical-mile fishery zones and drawn on the principles laid down for exploiting living resources. Although these laws have been formulated unilaterally by states, international custom, since the judgement by the International Court of Justice in the Fisheries Case of 18 December 1951, is derived from concordant national rules. This shift began even before the Conference ended, and has been consolidated since then.
Moreover, the régime governing the sea-bed beyond the limits of national jurisdiction defined by Part XI, which was the stumbling block of the Conference, is subject to transitional arrangements on the basis of two resolutions adopted in the Conference's Final Act, one providing for the establishment of a Preparatory Commission and the other on the preliminary activities of pioneer investors. This two-volume work, an earlier edition of which appeared in French, has been written by a team of experts of international renown. It presents an analysis of the Convention with an additional Chapter on the legal régime governing underwater archaeological and historical objects.

The Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Law of the Sea

An Analysis of Vietnamese Behavior within the Emerging International Oceans Regime

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Epsey Cooke Farrell

The Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Law of the Sea analyzes Vietnam's policies on the law of the sea in relation to the country's overall foreign policy goals and its position at the center of the South China Sea geostrategic region. It examines Vietnam's claims in zones of maritime jurisdiction and its regulation of maritime activities in the context of the 1982 U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea and against the backdrop of Vietnam's security interests, economic development, and regional leadership goals. The author explores Vietnam's maritime boundary disputes with its Southeast Asian neighbors and China and assesses their impact on regional stability.
This is the first comprehensive study to trace the evolution of Vietnamese policy and participation in law of the sea development from the 1958 First U.N. Conference on the Law of the Sea to the present. The book provides the background essential to an understanding of Vietnam's current maritime relations and of the challenge to incorporate Vietnam into a stable regional order. Law of the sea specialists, Southeast Asia area specialists, and those interested in the development of Vietnam's hydrocarbon and fishery resources will find this a particularly valuable resource.

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International Tribunal for the Law of th

The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an independent judicial body established by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to adjudicate disputes arising out of the interpretation and application of the Convention. The Tribunal is open to States Parties to the Convention and, in certain cases, to entities other than State Parties (such as international organizations and natural or legal persons). The jurisdiction of the Tribunal comprises all disputes submitted to it in accordance with the Convention. It also extends to all matters specifically provided for in any other agreement with confers jurisdiction on the Tribunal. This volume contains the Judgments and Orders delivered by the Tribunal in the year 2002 in English and French.

Le Tribunal international du droit de la mer est un organe judiciaire indépendant créé par la Convention des Nations Unies sur le droit de la mer pour connaître des différends relatifs à l’interprétation et l’application de la Convention. Le Tribunal est ouvert aux Etats Parties à la Convention et, dans certains cas, à des entités autres que les Etats Parties (telles que des organisations internationales et des personnes physiques et morales). La compétence du Tribunal s’étends à tous les différends qui lui sont soumis conformément à la Convention. Elle s’étends également à toutes les matières prévues de manière spécifique dans tout autre accord qui confère compétence au Tribunal. Le présent volume contient le texte en français et en anglais des arrêts et ordonnances rendus par le Tribunal au cours de l’année 2002.

Series:

Edited by International Tribunal for the Law of th

The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an independent judicial body established by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to adjudicate disputes arising out of the interpretation and application of the Convention.
The Tribunal is open to States Parties to the Convention and, in certain cases, to entities other than States Parties (such as international organizations and natural or legal persons).
The jurisdiction of the Tribunal comprises all disputes submitted to it in accordance with the Convention. It also extends to all matters specifically provided for in any other agreement which confers jurisdiction on the Tribunal.
This volume contains the Judgments and Orders delivered by the Tribunal in the year 2005 in English and French.

Le Tribunal international du droit de la mer est un organe judiciaire indépendant créé par la Convention des Nations Unies sur le droit de la mer pour connaître des différends relatifs à l'interprétation et l'application de la Convention.
Le Tribunal est ouvert aux Etats Parties à la Convention et, dans certains cas, à des entités autres que les Etats Parties (telles que des organisations internationales et des personnes physiques et morales). La compétence du Tribunal s'étend à tous les différends qui lui sont soumis conformément à la Convention. Elle s'étend également à toutes les matières prévues de manière spécifique dans tout autre accord qui confère compétence au Tribunal. Le présent volume contient le texte en français et en anglais des arrêts et ordonnances rendus par le Tribunal au cours de l’année 2005.

Series:

Edited by International Tribunal for the Law of th

The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an independent judicial body established by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to adjudicate disputes arising out of the interpretation and application of the Convention.
The Tribunal is open to States Parties to the Convention and, in certain cases, to entities other than States Parties (such as international organizations and natural or legal persons).
The jurisdiction of the Tribunal comprises all disputes submitted to it in accordance with the Convention. It also extends to all matters specifically provided for in any other agreement which confers jurisdiction on the Tribunal.
This volume contains the Judgments and Orders delivered by the Tribunal in the year 2004 in English and French.

Le Tribunal international du droit de la mer est un organe judiciaire indépendant créé par la Convention des Nations Unies sur le droit de la mer pour connaître des différends relatifs à l'interprétation et l'application de la Convention.
Le Tribunal est ouvert aux Etats Parties à la Convention et, dans certains cas, à des entités autres que les Etats Parties (telles que des organisations internationales et des personnes physiques et morales). La compétence du Tribunal s'étend à tous les différends qui lui sont soumis conformément à la Convention. Elle s'étend également à toutes les matières prévues de manière spécifique dans tout autre accord qui confère compétence au Tribunal. Le présent volume contient le texte en français et en anglais des arrêts et ordonnances rendus par le Tribunal au cours de l’année 2004.

Series:

Edited by International Tribunal for the Law of th and Tribunal international du Droit de la me

The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an international court with competence to settle disputes concerning the law of the sea. It is a central forum for the settlement of disputes relating to the interpretation and application of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
This volume contains the texts of written pleadings, minutes of public sittings and other documents from the proceedings in The MOX Plant Case (Ireland v. United Kingdom), Provisional Measures. The documents are reproduced in their original language.
The Tribunal delivered its Order on 3 December 2001. It is published in Reports of Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders 2001 (ITLOS Reports 2001).

Le Tribunal international du droit de la mer est une juridiction internationale qui a compétence en matière de règlement des différends relatifs au droit de la mer. Il est une instance centrale pour le règlement des différends relatifs à l’interprétation et à l’application de la Convention des Nations Unies sur le droit de la mer.
Le présent volume contient le texte des pièces de procédures écrite, des procès-verbaux des audiences publiques et d’autres documents relatifs à la procédure dans l’ Affaire de l’usine MOX (Irlande c. Royaume-Uni), mesures conservatoires. Les documents sont reproduits dans la langue originale utilisée.
Le Tribunal a rendu son ordonnance le 3 décembre 2001. L’ordonnance est publié dans Recueil des arrêts, avis consultatifs et ordonnances 2001 (TIDM Recueil 2001).


Series:

Edited by International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an international court with competence to settle disputes concerning the law of the sea. It is a central forum for the settlement of disputes relating to the interpretation and application of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.

This volume contains the texts of written pleadings, minutes of public sittings and other documents from the proceedings in the Case concerning Land Reclamation by Singapore in and around the Straits of Johor (Malaysia v. Singapore), Provisional Measures. The documents are reproduced in their original language.

The Tribunal delivered its Order on 8 October 2003. It is published in Reports of Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders 2003 (ITLOS Reports 2003).


Le Tribunal international du droit de la mer est une juridiction internationale qui a compétence en matière de règlement des différends relatifs au droit de la mer. Il est une instance centrale pour le règlement des différends relatifs à l’interprétation et à l’application de la Convention des Nations Unies sur le droit de la mer.

Le présent volume contient le texte des pièces de la procédure écrite, des procès-verbaux des audiences publiques et d’autres documents produits dans le cadre de l’Affaire relative aux travaux de poldérisation par Singapour à l’intérieur et à proximité du détroit de Johor (Malaisie c. Singapour), mesures conservatoires. Les documents sont reproduits dans la langue originale utilisée.

Le Tribunal a rendu son ordonnance le 8 octobre 2003. L’arrêt est publié dans Recueil des arrêts, avis consultatifs et ordonnances 2003 (TIDM Recueil 2003).

Protectionism and the Future of International Shipping

The Nature, Development and Role of Flag Discriminations and Preference, Cargo Reservations and Cabotage Restrictions, State Intervention and Maritime Subsidies

Ademuni-Odeke