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Subjectivity is one of the central issues of twentieth-century philosophy, literature and art. Modernism, which “discovered” the subconscious, put an end to the belief in the Cartesian Subject as the autonomous centre of knowledge and self-consciousness. Instead, the subject became something uncontrollable, unreliable, incomplete and fragmentary. The attempts to recapture the unity of the subject led to the existential quest and the flight into ideology (nazism, communism).
Postmodernism, the cultural movement of the second half of the twentieth century, did not consider the subject any longer as an important category. Attention was focused on the “I” and the “Other”, on dialogism and polyphonism (Bakhtin). Ideology lost its appeal and so did the “great” stories (Lyotard).
In this issue of Avant-Garde Critical Studies the problem of subjectivity in twentieth-century culture is discussed from various angles by specialists in the field of philosophy, literature, film, music and dance.
The notion of subjectivity is one of the most fundamental notions for modern philosophy that only gains in importance in present-day discussions. This volume gathers essays from both young and senior researchers that examine which role subjectivity plays in both classical and contemporary phenomenology. The essays discuss the importance of a phenomenological account of subjectivity for the nature and the status of phenomenology but they also discuss how the phenomenological account of the subject offers new perspectives on themes from practical philosophy and from the philosophy of mind. Thus, this volume does not only show how multifaceted the question of subjectivity is but also how important this theme continues to be for present-day philosophy.
Volume Editors: Katalin Kis and Aleah N. Ranjjitsingh
This volume was first published by Inter-Disciplinary Press in 2013.

As social constructs, masculinities and femininities are continually being challenged and reconstructed, and in so doing, new subjectivities are re/produced. The boundaries of gender thus remain both violent and vulnerable; violent in the Butlerian sense of subject formation and normative gender policing, and vulnerable as they are fraught with possibilities for new ways of gendering and new definitions of sexual difference. This volume thus examines the boundaries of masculinities and femininities through various cultural, socio-historical, and political contexts, and the tensions which arise from the constant challenges and reconstructions. Violent and Vulnerable Performances: Challenging the Gender Boundaries of Masculinities and Femininities contains fourteen chapters which demonstrate the situatedness of gender, and its impacts on race, class, sex, the body, identity, language, work, the family, and further cultural, socio-political, and economic processes.
Author: Ruthy M. Watson
This volume was first published by Inter-Disciplinary Press in 2016.

Everyday individuals, businesses, government institutions and researchers seek to uncover the true meaning of happiness in order to advance themselves or their causes. The search is ongoing since happiness is both subjective and objective. The same applies to hope. What are the thought processes or foundations that foster hope and thus, move people forward even when the obvious indicators and circumstances suggest otherwise? The numerous activities involved in defining, building and maintaining hope and happiness are never straightforward. Instead imagine that there is a way to spin the two to create such a belief that those who seek hope and happiness perceive success in its acquisition. Even though it is a cycle of highs, lows, ups and downs. This collection of papers will stir readers and evoke thoughts and emotions of hope and happiness based in spirituality, reality and personal perception. Perhaps an assessment of personal hope and happiness will derive from this very special collection of works presented here.