The secession of States is subject to legal regulation. The arguments presented by States in the advisory proceedings on Kosovo confirm that
there are rules of international law that determine whether the secession of a State in the post-colonial world is permissible. These rules derive
from the competing principles of self-determination and territorial integrity. In deciding whether to recognize a secessionist entity as a
State, or to admit it to the United Nations, States must balance these competing principles, with due regard to precedent and State practice.
These lectures examine cases in which secession has succeeded (such as Israel and Bangladesh), in which it has failed (such as Biafra and
Chechnya) and in which a determination is still to be made (Kosovo, Abkhazia and South Ossetia).
International law’s archipelago is composed of legal “islands”, which are highly organized, and “offshore” zones, manifesting a much lower degree of legal organization. Each requires a different mode of decisionmaking, each further complicated by the stress of radical change. This General Course is concerned, first, with understanding and assessing the aggregate performance of the world constitutive process, in present and projected constructs; second, with providing the intellectual tools that can enable those involved in making decisions to be more effective, whether they are operating in islands or offshore; and, third, with inquiring into ways the international legal system might be improved. Reisman identifies the individual as the ultimate actor in international law and explores the dilemmas of meaningful individual commitment to a world order of human dignity amidst interlocking communities and overlapping loyalties.
This book, published in 2011, is a product of the research conducted at the Center for Studies and Research of the Hague Academy of International Law in the summer of 2008. The Centre, devoted to the “implementation of international environmental law”, attracted twenty talented young scholars from nine different countries. This volume contains the introductory report of the two directors of studies, in English and in French, a selection of the best papers prepared by the participants, as well as a general index and a comprehensive bibliography. The topic of the 2008 session is of both practical and theoretical interest. International environmental law, despite the rapid proliferation of treaty instruments in the area, is plagued by difficulties in implementation.
The search for enhanced effectiveness of international environmental law has yielded many innovations at the institutional and normative levels. In seeking to better understand these innovations, their emergence, deepening and diffusion, this volume highlights the major shifts in and challenges faced by international environmental law and, indeed, international law itself.
Cet ouvrage, publié en 2011, est le fruit des travaux du Centre d’étude et de recherche de l’Académie de droit international de La Haye tenu en 2008. Un total de vingt jeunes enseignants et praticiens provenant de neuf pays différents ont participé à la session d’été du Centre, consacrée à « la mise en oeuvre du droit international de l’environnement ». Ce volume comporte le rapport introductif des deux directrices d’études, en anglais et en français, ainsi qu’une sélection des meilleures contributions des participants, accompagnés d’un index général et d’une bibliographie très complète. Le choix du sujet des travaux de ce Centre répond à un intérêt aussi bien pratique que théorique. Le droit international de l’environnement, en dépit de sa profusion, souffre en effet de profondes difficultés de mise en oeuvre. Le tableau d’ensemble doit pourtant être nuancé. La recherche d’une amélioration de l’effectivité du droit international de l’environnement a produit de nombreuses et intéressantes innovations aussi bien sur le plan institutionnel que normatif. En tentant de mieux comprendre ces mécanismes tout en réfléchissant à leur approfondissement et à leur diffusion, ce volume rend compte des mutations profondes du droit international de l’environnement et, au-delà, du droit international lui-même.
Originally published as
Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 32.
In a relatively short time the concept of “sustainable development” has become firmly established in the field of international law. The World Commission on Environment and Development concisely defined sustainable development as follows: “development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”. This definition takes into account the needs of both the present and future generations as well as the capacity of the earth and its natural resources which by clear implication should not be depleted by a small group of people (in industrialized countries).
The aim of this book is threefold : to review the genesis and to clarify the meaning of the concept of sustainable development, as well as to assess its status within public international law. Furthermore, it examines the legal principles that have emerged in the pursuit of sustainable development. Lastly, it assesses to what extent the actual evolution of law demonstrates the balance and integration with all pertinent fields of international law as urged by the Rio, Johannesburg, and World Summit documents. This is the second volume in the Hague Academy of International Law Pocket Book series; it contains the text of the course given at the Hague Academy by Professor Schrijver.
Cet ouvrage répond à trois objectifs : examiner la naissance du concept de développement durable, clarifier sa signification et évaluer son statut dans le droit international public. Il examine également les principes juridiques nés de la poursuite du développement durable. Enfin, il examine l’évolution actuelle du droit par rapport aux exigences énoncées à Rio, à Johannesburg et au cours du dernier sommet mondial en ce qui concerne l’intégration du concept de développement durable dans tous les domaines pertinents du droit international.
International trade is conducted mainly under the rules of the World Trade Organization. Its non-discrimination rules are of fundamental importance. In essence, they require WTO members not to discriminate amongst products of other WTO members in trade matters (the most favoured- nation rule) and, subject to permitted market-access limitations, not to discriminate against products of other WTO members in favour of domestic products (the national treatment rule). The interpretation of these rules is quite difficult. Their reach is potentially so broad that it has been felt that they should be limited by a number of exceptions, some of which also present interpretative difficulties. Indeed, one of the principal conundrums faced by WTO dispute settlement is how to strike the appropriate balance between the rules and exceptions. Davey explores the background and justification for the non-discrimination rules and examines how the rules and the exceptions have been interpreted in WTO dispute settlement. He gives considerable attention to whether the exceptions give sufficient discretion to WTO members to pursue their legitimate non-trade policy goals.