This book is an updated and expanded version of the General Course delivered by the author at the Hague Academy of International Law in 2002. The book chronicles and evaluates the intellectual movement known as “the revolution” in American private international law. This movement began in the 1960s, caught fire in the ‘70s, spread in the ‘80s and declared victory in the ‘90s, leading to the abandonment of the centuries-old choice-of-law system, at least for torts and contracts. This book:
• explores the revolution’s philosophical and methodological underpinnings;
• provides the most comprehensive and systematic analysis of court decisions following the revolution;
• identifies the revolution’s successes and failures; and
• proposes ways and means (including a new breed of “smart” choice-of-law rules) to turn the revolution’s victory into success.
This book is a record of the international symposium held at the Kyoto International Conference Hall to mark the centennial of the Japanese Association of International Law. The purpose of the symposium was to reflect on past Japanese practice, to analyze current problems affecting Japan, and to seek to clarify the future role of Japan in the global community, in terms of international law.
After joining the international community in the middle of the nineteenth century, Japan adopted a policy of wealth creation and armament in order to maintain its independence against the expanding Western States. At the same time, on the domestic scene, Japan vigorously promoted the modernization - Westernization - of its political, economic, and social institutions. Japan emerged as one of the victorious `Principal Allied and Associated Powers' in World War I, and started asserting its place in the international order. However, in the aftermath of the Great Depression, Japan failed to reach agreement with the international community, eventually left the League of Nations, invaded the Asian continent, and met with complete military defeat in World War II. In the subsequent years, Japan toiled to rebuild its economy and to rejoin the world community, but despite its miraculous economic recovery and expansion, Japan remains ambivalent in its policy of contributing to the maintenance of international peace and security.
During these one and a half centuries the Japanese practice of international law has covered a wide range of fields. From these various fields, the symposium took up three specific topics: War and Peace, Economy, and Human Rights, because of their relevance to past Japanese practice and because future Japanese practice in these areas would be bound to affect international law in the coming century. In addition, the symposium discussed Japanese transactions, in general, with international law.
The period covered by the symposium has witnessed many drastic changes in the world, and international law, which used to be applied almost exclusively to relations among the Western States, has now come to be applied universally. The Association wished to emphasize that an analysis of Japanese practice should be of significance for anyone interested in promoting and consolidating the rule of law in the world community at large.
The aim of this unique volume is twofold. First and foremost, it sets out to offer the reader a comprehensive and challenging view, from some of the most distinguished scholars in the field, of present and future trends and issues in the fields of international air and space law.
By breaking new ground in this way, it pays tribute to the scholarly achievements of Henri (Or) Wassenbergh, whose ideas and work have helped to shape both air and space law throughout his long and distinguished career.
Air and Space Law: De Lege Ferenda will be of interest to all those concerned with the present status of air and space law, and with the challenges the aviation and space industry must face in the century to come.
This work presents the broad lines of the action and evolution of the World Health Organization (WHO). It identifies some of the problems WHO has had to face in the past, and will have to confront in the future. It discusses in detail the historical origins, WHO's objectives and the evolution of its strategy and programmes. It reviews its structures as well as the problems raised by its decentralization. It examines the Organization's action in the field of technical cooperation and looks into several of WHO's more important past and present programmes. In its general conclusion, it attempts to envisage the future of the Organization.
The present study is based essentially on the official documentation of the WHO, open and restricted. The strength of this book lies in the personal experience of the main author, a former WHO official, who has orientated the book's research in specific directions and has added some complementary information.
Institutional Dynamics of European Integration is devoted to the topic of the institutional law of the Communities, and contains a timely collection of essays by eminent experts. While this volume will certainly refine legal understanding of the European Union in its present complex phase of development, it also constitutes a warm personal tribute to Henry Schermers, teacher and scholar of international renown and a pioneer of European Community law.
This book contains analyses of the concrete development and real extent of international police cooperation in Western Europe at several levels, from the bilateral level of cooperation along the Dutch-Belgian-German border to the transatlantic level of cooperation between the American and European police forces. It also contains descriptions of the official and informal viewpoints within France, United Kingdom, Germany, The Netherlands and Belgium concerning the present state and the future of international police cooperation in the European Community.
This comprehensive work covers the consumer protection laws and policies of governing bodies around the world. By presenting materials from edited laws, directives, courts cases, administrative regulations, and commission studies, the author explores the different approaches to the regulation of advertising, sales practices, credit, and product safety and quality. The methods by which consumer protection laws are enforced at the public and private level are also examined.
Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.
As was true for previous editions of this book, the present edition offers the non-specialist reader: the politician, diplomat, journalist or student of international law and relations – a guide and introduction to the International Court of Justice; what it is and how it works.
The step by step explanation of how a case is tried is still based on the
Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua case, due to the fact that virtually every procedural situation that exists played a role in that case, as well as to the continuing influence of that case on the role of the Court.
However, much has happened since the last edition appeared in 1995. The Court has experienced the most active period in its history, and this new edition takes full account of the Court’s activities and efforts to adapt itself to the new requirements and challenges of the present century.
The political changes in the world have profoundly altered the United Nations. This new book is one of the first to describe the structure of the world organization in the present context of international relations.
The United Nations: Law and Practice is a no-nonsense book, concise, informative and up-to-date. In their respective careers as diplomats or academics, all authors combine vast practical and theoretical experience in dealing with the UN.