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This book is an updated and expanded version of the General Course delivered by the author at the Hague Academy of International Law in 2002. The book chronicles and evaluates the intellectual movement known as “the revolution” in American private international law. This movement began in the 1960s, caught fire in the ‘70s, spread in the ‘80s and declared victory in the ‘90s, leading to the abandonment of the centuries-old choice-of-law system, at least for torts and contracts. This book:
• explores the revolution’s philosophical and methodological underpinnings;
• provides the most comprehensive and systematic analysis of court decisions following the revolution;
• identifies the revolution’s successes and failures; and
• proposes ways and means (including a new breed of “smart” choice-of-law rules) to turn the revolution’s victory into success.
International Symposium to Mark the Centennial of the Japanese Association of International Law
This book is a record of the international symposium held at the Kyoto International Conference Hall to mark the centennial of the Japanese Association of International Law. The purpose of the symposium was to reflect on past Japanese practice, to analyze current problems affecting Japan, and to seek to clarify the future role of Japan in the global community, in terms of international law.
After joining the international community in the middle of the nineteenth century, Japan adopted a policy of wealth creation and armament in order to maintain its independence against the expanding Western States. At the same time, on the domestic scene, Japan vigorously promoted the modernization - Westernization - of its political, economic, and social institutions. Japan emerged as one of the victorious `Principal Allied and Associated Powers' in World War I, and started asserting its place in the international order. However, in the aftermath of the Great Depression, Japan failed to reach agreement with the international community, eventually left the League of Nations, invaded the Asian continent, and met with complete military defeat in World War II. In the subsequent years, Japan toiled to rebuild its economy and to rejoin the world community, but despite its miraculous economic recovery and expansion, Japan remains ambivalent in its policy of contributing to the maintenance of international peace and security.
During these one and a half centuries the Japanese practice of international law has covered a wide range of fields. From these various fields, the symposium took up three specific topics: War and Peace, Economy, and Human Rights, because of their relevance to past Japanese practice and because future Japanese practice in these areas would be bound to affect international law in the coming century. In addition, the symposium discussed Japanese transactions, in general, with international law.
The period covered by the symposium has witnessed many drastic changes in the world, and international law, which used to be applied almost exclusively to relations among the Western States, has now come to be applied universally. The Association wished to emphasize that an analysis of Japanese practice should be of significance for anyone interested in promoting and consolidating the rule of law in the world community at large.
This work presents the broad lines of the action and evolution of the World Health Organization (WHO). It identifies some of the problems WHO has had to face in the past, and will have to confront in the future. It discusses in detail the historical origins, WHO's objectives and the evolution of its strategy and programmes. It reviews its structures as well as the problems raised by its decentralization. It examines the Organization's action in the field of technical cooperation and looks into several of WHO's more important past and present programmes. In its general conclusion, it attempts to envisage the future of the Organization.
The present study is based essentially on the official documentation of the WHO, open and restricted. The strength of this book lies in the personal experience of the main author, a former WHO official, who has orientated the book's research in specific directions and has added some complementary information.
This comprehensive work covers the consumer protection laws and policies of governing bodies around the world. By presenting materials from edited laws, directives, courts cases, administrative regulations, and commission studies, the author explores the different approaches to the regulation of advertising, sales practices, credit, and product safety and quality. The methods by which consumer protection laws are enforced at the public and private level are also examined.



Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.
Sixth Completely Revised Edition
Editor: Terry D. Gill
As was true for previous editions of this book, the present edition offers the non-specialist reader: the politician, diplomat, journalist or student of international law and relations – a guide and introduction to the International Court of Justice; what it is and how it works.
The step by step explanation of how a case is tried is still based on the Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua case, due to the fact that virtually every procedural situation that exists played a role in that case, as well as to the continuing influence of that case on the role of the Court.
However, much has happened since the last edition appeared in 1995. The Court has experienced the most active period in its history, and this new edition takes full account of the Court’s activities and efforts to adapt itself to the new requirements and challenges of the present century.
This is the second volume in the series The Melbourne Studies in Comparative & International Law. It contains the revised and updated versions of papers presented at the conference Trade & Cooperation with the European Union in the New Millennium, held at The University of Melbourne from 14-15 December 2000. The collection, by leading international scholars and expert practitioners, explores the current and future challenges which the European Union presents to Australia and Australasia, and addresses broader issues of globalisation of markets and harmonisation of international trade law.
This volume is the seminal work on fact-finding and international tribunals. It addresses the many questions raised in recent cases before the International Court of Justice, the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal, the European Court of Justice, various international administrative tribunals, human rights courts, and commissions. Its 15 chapters, introduced by a perceptive essay by Judge Schwebel for the International Court of Justice, have been written by present or former members of such international bodies, leading lawyers who have appeared before them, and distinguished academic lawyers from the United States and abroad.

Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.
The important new 1999 Supplement to this widely-used sourcebook contains the text of 48 major treaties and other legal instruments completed between 1991 and 1998. These instruments represent the important developments in international environmental law since the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development. For each instrument the Supplement provides an editor's note presenting background and context for the instrument, as well as information on all annexes that are not reproduced, current status, depositary, official languages, complete reference information including parallel citations, a list of parties, popular names, and literature on each agreement.
Law and Practice
This book assesses the present status of space activity regulation against the background of the progressive commercialization of outer space. The basic legal framework for outer space activity was established during a time when space endeavour was still in its infancy and a critical reassessment of its principles therefore forms the basis of this publication. The outcome of this analysis and the legal implications which result from applying it to practical space utilization yield an insight into the legal questions pertaining to space commercialization and its practical implementation.
Commercial Utilization of Outer Space will be of great interest to academics and practitioners in the field of space activities, as well as to government policy makers in different sectors of space commercialization ranging from space transportation, satellite communication and remote sensing to space insurance and manufacturing in outer space.
Wherever appropriate and feasible practical aspects have been dealt with against the background of present-day realities and developments foreseen for the future.